© Dr. Hilmar Alquiros The Philippines 2002 ff. 

C

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C = Camel E ® Kamel

C = Cannon E [H. R. Murray, A History of Chess Q] ® Game of the Three Kingdoms pE® Three Kingdoms pE

C = Cavalier F ® Springer

C = Crossbowmen Ep ® Yi Zheng Retired Scholar Pei Zi-xi (The -) E

C = CUB = Kuba

C as Capablanca

C(TF) = Cavalier F (Komponenten: Tour F, Fou F) ® C(TF) = Cavalier F (components: Rook, Bishop) E

C. de X. de Guaratingueta Q

C. Linklater Mem Inv San Francisco 97.01.17 - 97.02.02

C. M. Fox, his problems Q & (25cm x 18cm, 23pp, stapled, grey-green edge, was D1e). 200 problems, with commentary and an introduction. Privately published, Thornton Heath, London, 1936. Presented by A. C. Challenger. BCPS Library Catalogue, 25 Jul 96: Published books and pamphlets Page 17. [BL]

C.O.O.L.Chess. Q Motwani. 191 Seiten - kartoniert - Batsford 1997

C.P.A. Magazine Q

C00 = French Defense, Alapin Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Be3 [GL]

C00 = French Defense, Diemer-Duhm Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.c4 dxe4 [GL]

C00 = French Defense, Horwitz Attack, Papa-Ticulat Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.b3 d5 3.Bb2 [GL]

C00 = French Defense, La Bourdonnais Variation, Reuter Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.f4 d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 [GL]

C00 = French Defense, Orthoschnapp Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.c4 d5 3.cxd5 exd5 4.Qb3 [GL]

C00 = French Defense, Wing Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.e5 c5 4.b4 [GL]

C00-C20 ® French Defense E

C01 ® Exchange Variation E

C01 = French Defense, Baeuerle Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 b5 [GL]

C01 = French Defense, Carlson Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 4.Ne5 [GL]

C01 = French Defense, Hoffmann Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Qe2 e5 4.f4 exf4 [GL]

C01 = French Defense, Morphy Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nh3 [GL]

C02 ® Advance Variation E

C02 = French Defense, Advance Variation, Frenkel Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.b4 [GL]

C02 = French Defense, Advance Variation, Milner-Barry Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.c3 Nc6 5.Nf3 Qb6 6.Bd3 [GL]

C02 = French Defense, Advance Variation, Nimzowitsch Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.Qg4 cxd4 5.Nf3 [GL]

C02 = French Defense, Advance Variation, Ruisdonk Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.Nf3 cxd4 5.Bd3 [GL]

C03 ® 3.... a6 System E

C03-C09 ® Tarrasch Variation E

C04 ® 3.... Bc6 System E

C05-C06 ® 3.... Nf6 System E

C07 = French Defense, Tarrasch Variation, Open System, Shaposhnikov Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 c5 4.exd5 Nf6 [GL]

C07-C09 ® 3.... c5 System E

c1 (Feld) ® c1 (square) E

c1 (square) E ® c1(Feld)

C10 ® Rubinstein Variation E

C10 = French Defense, Rubinstein Variation, Ellis Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 e5 [GL]

C11 ® Steinitz Variation E

C12 ® MacCutcheon Variation E

C12 = French Defense, MacCutcheon Variation, Duras Variation = 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Bb4 5.e5 h6 6.Bd2 Bxc3 7.bxc3 Ne4 8.Qg4 Kf8 9.Bc1 [GL]

C12 = French Defense, MacCutcheon Variation, Wolf Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Bb4 5.Nge2 [GL]

C13 = French Defense, Alekhine-Chatard Attack, Albin-Chatard Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e5 Nfd7 6.h4 Bxg5 7.hxg5 Qxg5 [GL]

C15 ® Lapus Manus System E

C15 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Alekhine Gambit, Accepted = 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Ne2 dxe4 5.a3 Bxc3+ [GL]

C15 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Alekhine Gambit, Kan Variation = 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Ne2 dxe4 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.Nxc3 Nc6 [GL]

C15 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Alekhine-Maroczy Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Ne2 [GL]

C15 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Fingerslip Variation = 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Bd2 [GL]

C15 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Fingerslip Variation, Kunin Double Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Bd2 dxe4 5.Qg4 Qxd4 [GL]

C15 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Fingerslip Variation, Main Line = 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Bd2 dxe4 5.Qg4 Nf6 6.Qxg7 Rg8 7.Qh6 [GL]

C15 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Fingerslip Variation, Schwarz's Line = 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Bd2 Ne7 5.Nb1 [GL]

C15 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Winckelmann-Riemer Gambit = E 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.a3 [GL]

C15-C20 ® Winawer Variation E

C17 ® Swiss System E

C18 ® Main Line E

C18 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Maroczy-Wallis Variation = 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 cxd4 6.axb4 dxc3 [GL]

C18 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Poisoned Pawn Variation, Paoli Variation = 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Ne7 7.Qg4 Qc7 8.Qxg7 Rg8 9.Qxh7 cxd4 10.Kd1 [GL]

C18 = French Defense, Winawer Variation, Poisoned Pawn Variation, Main Line = 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Ne7 7.Qg4 Qc7 8.Qxg7 Rg8 9.Qxh7 cxd4 10.Ne2 [GL]

C19 ® Advance, 6. ... Ne7 E

c2 (Feld) ® c2 (square) E

c2 (square) E ® c2 (Feld)

C20 ® Exchange System E

C20 = King Pawn Game, Bavarian Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.c4 d5 [GL]

C20 = King Pawn Game, Clam Variation, King's Gambit Reversed = 1.e4 e5 2.d3 f5 [GL]

C20 = King Pawn Game, Clam Variation, Radisch Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d3 Nf6 3.f4 Bc5 [GL]

C20 = King Pawn Game, Damiano Defense, Damiano Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f6 3.Nxe5 fxe5 4.Qh5+ g6 5.Qxe5+ Qe7 6.Qxh8 [GL]

C20 = King Pawn Game, Damiano Defense, Damiano Gambit, Chigorin Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f6 3.Nxe5 Qe7 4.Nf3 d5 [GL]

C20 = King Pawn Game, Macleod Attack, Lasa Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.c3 f5 [GL]

C20 = King Pawn Game, Macleod Attack, Norwalder Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.c3 d5 3.Qh5 Bd6 [GL]

C20 = King Pawn Game, Wayward Queen Attack, Mellon Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Qh5 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nh6 4.d3 g6 5.Qf3 f6 6.Ne2 d5 [GL]

C20 = King Pawn Game, Weber Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d3 d5 3.exd5 c6 4.dxc6 Nxc6 [GL]

C20 = Portuguese Opening, Miguel Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bb5 Bc5 3.b4 [GL]

C20 = Portuguese Opening, Portuguese Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bb5 Nf6 3.d4 [GL]

C21 ® Nordic Gambit E

C21 = Center Game, Halasz-McDonnell Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.f4 [GL]

C21 = Center Game, Lanc-Arnold Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Nf3 Bc5 4.c3 [GL]

C21 = Center Game, Lanc-Arnold Gambit, Schippler Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Nf3 Bc5 4.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4 [GL]

C21 = Center Game, Ross Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Bd3 [GL]

C21 = Center Game, Von der Lasa Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Bc4 [GL]

C21 = Danish Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 [GL]

C21 = Danish Gambit, Accepted = 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4 cxb2 5.Bxb2 [GL]

C21 = Danish Gambit, Accepted, Chigorin Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4 cxb2 5.Bxb2 Qe7 [GL]

C21 = Danish Gambit, Accepted, Classical Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4 cxb2 5.Bxb2 Nf6 [GL]

C21 = Danish Gambit, Accepted, Copenhagen Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4 cxb2 5.Bxb2 Bb4+ [GL]

C21 = Danish Gambit, Accepted, Schlechter Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4 cxb2 5.Bxb2 d5 [GL]

C21 = Danish Gambit, Accepted, Svenonius Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 Ne7 [GL]

C21 = Danish Gambit, Declined, Sorensen Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 d5 [GL]

C21 = King Pawn Game, Beyer Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 d5 [GL]

C22 ® Center Game E

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Anderssen Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 b5 3.Bxb5 c6 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Berlin Defense, Greco Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.f4 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Blanel Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.Nc3 Nxe4 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Calabrese Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 f5 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Horwitz Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.Nc3 b5 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Lewis Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.c3 d5 4.Bxd5 Nf6 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Lewis Counter Gambit, Walker Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.c3 d5 4.Bxd5 Nf6 5.d4 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Lewis Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.d4 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Lopez Variation, Lopez Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.Qe2 Nf6 4.f4 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, MacDonnell Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.b4 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, MacDonnell Gambit, La Bourdonnais-Denker Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.b4 Bxb4 4.c3 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, MacDonnell Gambit, MacDonnell Double Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.b4 Bxb4 4.f4 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Paschmann Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.Ne2 Nxe4 4.Nec3 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Stein Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.f4 [GL]

C23 = Bishop's Opening, Thorold Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 b5 3.Bxb5 f5 [GL]

C23 = Vienna Game, Fyfe Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.d4 [GL]

C23 = Vienna Game, Philidor Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.d4 f5 [GL]

C23 = Vienna Game, Stanley Variation, Bronstein Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.f4 Nxe4 5.Nf3 [GL]

C23 = Vienna Game, Stanley Variation, Meitner-Mieses Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.Qg4 Qf6 5.Nd5 [GL]

C23-C24 ® Bishop‘s Opening E

C24 = Bishop's Opening, Ponziani Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.d4 [GL]

C24 = Bishop's Opening, Urusov Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nf3 [GL]

C24 = Bishop's Opening, Warsaw Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.d4 exd4 4.c3 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Mieses Variation, Erben Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.g3 d5 4.exd5 c6 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Omaha Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 d6 3.f4 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Paulsen Variation, Mariotti Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 Bc5 4.Bg2 h5 5.Nf3 h4 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Paulsen Variation, Polluck Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.g3 Bc5 4.Bg2 Nc6 5.Nge2 d5 6.exd5 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Cunningham Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 Be7 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Hamppe Allgaier Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 g5 5.h4 g4 6.Ng5 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Hamppe-Allgaier-Thorold Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 g5 5.h4 g4 6.Ng5 h6 7.Nxf7 Kxf7 8.d4 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Hamppe-Muzio Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 g5 5.Bc4 g4 6.O-O gxf3 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Quelle Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 Bc5 4.fxe5 d6 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.d4 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit, Knight Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit, Paulsen Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.d4 Qh4+ 5.Ke2 d6 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit, Soerensen Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.d4 Qh4+ 5.Ke2 g5 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit, Zukertort Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.d4 Qh4+ 5.Ke2 d5 [GL]

C25 = Vienna Game, Zhuravlev Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Bb4 3.Qg4 Nf6 [GL]

C25-C29 ® Vienna Game E

C27 = Bishop's Opening, Boden-Kieseritsky Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bc4 Nxe4 4.Nf3 [GL]

C27 = Vienna Game, Stanley Variation, Eifel Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.Nge2 b5 [GL]

C27 = Vienna Game, Stanley Variation, Frankenstein-Dracula Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bc4 Nxe4 4.Qh5 Nd6 5.Bb3 Nc6 6.Nb5 g6 7.Qf3 f5 8.Qd5 Qe7 9.Nxc7+ Kd8 10.Nxa8 b6 [GL]

C28 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 [GL]

C28 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Pierce Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 g5 5.d4 [GL]

C28 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit, Fraser-Minckwitz Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.d4 Qh4+ 5.Ke2 b6 [GL]

C28 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.d4 Qh4+ 5.Ke2 [GL]

C29 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Bardeleben Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.Qf3 f5 [GL]

C29 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Breyer Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.Nf3 Be7 [GL]

C29 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Kaufmann Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.Nf3 Bg4 6.Qe2 [GL]

C29 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 [GL]

C29 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Modern Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.d3 [GL]

C29 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Paulsen Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.Qf3 [GL]

C29 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.d3 [GL]

C29 = Vienna Game, Vienna Gambit, Wurzburger Trap = 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.d3 Qh4+ 6.g3 Nxg3 7.Nf3 Qh5 8.Nxd5 [GL]

c3 (Feld) ® c3 (square) E

c3 (square) E ® c3 (Feld)

C30 = King's Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Dodo Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Qg4 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Eisenberg Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nh3 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Classical Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Classical Variation, Loewy Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5 3.Nf3 d6 4.b4 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Classical Variation, Rubinstein Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5 3.Nf3 d6 5.c3 f5 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Keene Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Qh4+ 3.g3 Qe7 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Mafia Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 c5 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Neomodern Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Nc6 3.Nf3 f5 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Norwalde Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Qf6 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Norwalde Variation, Schubert Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Qf6 3.Nc3 Qxf4 4.d4 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Petrov's Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Nf6 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Queen's Knight Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Nc6 [GL]

C30 = King's Gambit, Declined, Senechaud Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5 3.Nf3 g5 [GL]

C30-C39 ® King‘s Gambit E

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Accepted = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 [GL]

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Anderssen Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.Bb5+ [GL]

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Blackburne Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.Nf3 [GL]

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Charousek Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.d3 [GL]

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Charousek Gambit, Morphy Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.d3 Nf6 5.Nc3 Bb4 6.Bd2 e3 [GL]

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Hinrichsen Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.d4 [GL]

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Miles Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 Bc5 [GL]

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Nimzowitsch-Marshall Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 c6 [GL]

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Pickler Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 c6 4.dxc6 Bc5 [GL]

C31 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Staunton Line = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 [GL]

C31-C32 ® Falkbeer Counter Gambit E

C32 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Charousek Gambit, Accepted = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.d3 Nf6 5.dxe4 [GL]

C32 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Charousek Gambit, Keres Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.d3 Nf6 5.Nd2 [GL]

C32 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Charousek Gambit, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.d3 Nf6 5.dxe4 Nxe4 6.Nf3 Bc5 7.Qe2 Bf5 [GL]

C32 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Charousek Gambit, Old Line = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.d3 Nf6 5.Qe2 [GL]

C32 = King's Gambit, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, Modern Transfer = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 exf4 [GL]

C33 ® Keres Variation E

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Basman Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Qe2 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Anderssen Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 g5 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Bledow Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 d5 4.Bxd5 Nf6 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Boden Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 Nc6 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Bogoljubow Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Nc3 c6 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Bogoljubow Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Nc3 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Bryan Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 b5 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Cozio Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Nf6 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Cozio Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 d6 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, First Jaenisch Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 Nf6 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Gianutio Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 f5 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Greco Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 Bc5 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Kieseritzsky Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 b5 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Lopez Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 c6 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Lopez Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 g5 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, MacDonnell Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 g5 5.Nc3 Bg7 6.d4 Ne7 7.g3 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bishop's Gambit, Maurian Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Nc6 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Breyer Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Qf3 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Carrera Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Qh5 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Gaga Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.g3 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Mason-Keres Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nc3 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Orsini Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.b3 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Paris Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Ne2 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Polerio Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.d4 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Schurig Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bb5 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Stamma Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.h4 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Tartakower Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Be2 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Tartakower Gambit, Weiss Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Be2 f5 4.exf5 d6 [GL]

C33 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Tumbleweed = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Kf2 [GL]

C34 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Becker Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 h6 [GL]

C34 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Bonsch-Osmolovsky Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Ne7 [GL]

C34 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Fischer Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 d6 [GL]

C34 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Fischer Defense, Schulder Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 d6 4.b4 [GL]

C34 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Gianutio Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 f5 [GL]

C34 = King's Gambit, Accepted, King's Knight Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 [GL]

C34 = King's Gambit, Accepted, MacLeod Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Nc6 [GL]

C34 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Schallop Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Nf6 [GL]

C34 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Schallop Defense, Tashkent Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e5 Nh5 5.g4 [GL]

C35 ® Cunningham Variation E

C35 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Cunningham Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Be7 [GL]

C35 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Cunningham Defense, Bertin Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Be7 4.Bc4 Bh4+ 5.g3 fxg3 6.O-O gxh2+ 7.Kh1 [GL]

C35 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Cunningham Defense, McCormick Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Be7 4.Bc4 Nf6 [GL]

C36 ® Modern Variation E

C36 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Abbazia Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 d5 4.exd5 Nf6 [GL]

C36 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Abbazia Defense, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 d5 4.exd5 Nf6 5.Bb5+ c6 6.dxc6 bxc6 7.Bc4 Nd5 [GL]

C36 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Modern Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 d5 [GL]

C37 ® Muzio Gambit E

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Blachly Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Nc6 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Double Muzio Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O gxf3 6.Qxf3 Qf6 7.e5 Qxe5 8.Bxf7+ [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Double Muzio Gambit, Paulsen Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O gxf3 6.Qxf3 Qf6 7.e5 Qxe5 8.d3 Bh6 9.Nc3 Ne7 10.Bd2 Nbc6 11.Rae1 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Double Muzio Gambit, Young Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O gxf3 6.Qxf3 Qf6 7.Bxf7+ Kxf7 8.d4 Qxd4+ 9.Be3 Qf6 10.Nc3 fxe3 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Ghulam-Kassim Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.d4 gxf3 6.Qxf3 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, King's Knight Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kotov Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.d4 gxf3 6.Bxf4 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Lolli Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Bxf7+ [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, MacDonnell Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Nc3 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Middleton Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 d6 5.O-O Bg4 6.h3 h5 7.hxg4 hxg4 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Muzio Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Muzio Gambit Accepted, From Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O gxf3 6.Qxf3 Qe7 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Muzio Gambit, Brentano Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O d5 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Muzio Gambit, Sarratt Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O gxf3 6.Qxf3 Qf6 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Muzio Gambit, Wild Muzio Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Quade Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Nc3 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Rosentreter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.d4 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Rosentreter Gambit, Soerensen Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.d4 g4 5.Nc3 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Rosentreter-Testa Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.d4 g4 5.Bxf4 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Salvio Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Ne5 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Salvio Gambit, Cochrane Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Ne5 Qh4+ 6.Kf1 f3 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Salvio Gambit, Santa Maria Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Ne5 Qh4+ 6.Kf1 Nf6 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Salvio Gambit, Silbershmidt Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Ne5 Qh4+ 6.Kf1 Nh6 [GL]

C37 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Salvio Gambit, Viennese Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Ne5 Qh4+ 6.Kf1 Nc6 [GL]

C38 ® Greco & Philidor Gambits p E

C38 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Greco Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4 h6 6.d4 d6 [GL]

C38 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Greco Gambit, Calabrese Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4 h6 6.d4 d6 7.hxg5 hxg5 8.Rh8 Bxh8 9.Nc3 c6 10.Ne5 [GL]

C38 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Hanstein Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.O-O [GL]

C38 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Mayet Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.d4 d6 6.c3 [GL]

C38 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Philidor Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4 [GL]

C38 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Philidor Gambit, Schultz Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4 h6 6.d4 d6 7.Qd3 [GL]

C38 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Traditional Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 [GL]

C39 ® Allagier & Kieseritsky Gambits p E

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Allgaier Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Allgaier Gambit, Thorold Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5 h6 6.Nxf7 Kxf7 7.d4 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Allgaier Gambit, Urusov Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5 h6 6.Nxf7 Kxf7 7.Bc4+ [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Anderssen Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bd6 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Anderssen-Cordel Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bd6 8.d4 Nh5 9.Bxf4 Nxf4 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Berlin Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Berlin Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Brentano Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 d5 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Cotter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 h6 6.Nxf7 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Kolisch Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 d6 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Long Whip = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 h5 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Neumann Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nc6 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Paulsen Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Bg7 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Paulsen Defense Deferred = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bg7 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Rice Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bd6 8.O-O Bxe5 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Rosenthal Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Qe7 [GL]

C39 = King's Gambit, Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit, Rubinstein Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.d4 [GL]

c4 (Feld) ® c4 (square) E

c4 (square) E ® c4 (Feld)

C40 ® Latvian Gambit E

C40 = Elephant Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d5 [GL]

C40 = Elephant Gambit, Maroczy Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d5 3.exd5 Bd6 [GL]

C40 = Elephant Gambit, Paulsen Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d5 3.exd5 e4 [GL]

C40 = Elephant Gambit, Wasp Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d5 3.Nxe5 dxe4 4.Bc4 Qg5 [GL]

C40 = King Pawn Game, Busch-Gass Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Bc5 [GL]

C40 = King Pawn Game, Gunderam Defense, Gunderam Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Qe7 3.Bc4 f5 [GL]

C40 = King Pawn Game, Gunderam Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 c6 [GL]

C40 = King Pawn Game, La Bourdonnais Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Qf6 3.Bc4 Qg6 4.O-O [GL]

C40 = King Pawn Game, Schulze-Muller Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nxe5 Nxe5 4.d4 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Accepted = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.exf5 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Accepted, Bilguer Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Qf6 4.d4 d6 5.Nc4 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Accepted, Bronstein Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Qf6 4.d4 d6 5.Nc4 fxe4 6.Be2 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Accepted, Bronstein Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Qf6 4.d4 d6 5.Nc4 fxe4 6.Qh5+ g6 7.Qe2 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Accepted, Foltys Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Qf6 4.Nc4 fxe4 5.d3 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Accepted, Foltys-Leonhardt Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Qf6 4.Nc4 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Accepted, Leonhardt Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Qf6 4.Nc4 fxe4 5.Nc3 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Accepted, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Qf6 4.d4 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Accepted, Nimzowitsch Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Qf6 4.d4 d6 5.Nc4 fxe4 6.Ne3 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Clam Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.d3 Nc6 4.exf5 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Corkscrew Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Nf6 4.Bc4 fxe4 5.Nf7 Qe7 6.Nxh8 d5 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Diepstraten Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.c4 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Fraser Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Nc6 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Greco Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nxe5 Qe7 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Lobster Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.g4 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Mason Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.d4 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Mayet Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Bc4 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Mayet Attack, Morgado Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Bc4 Nf6 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Mayet Attack, Poisoned Pawn Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Bc4 fxe4 4.Nxe5 Qg5 5.d4 Qxg2 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Mayet Attack, Polerio-Svedenborg Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Bc4 fxe4 4.Nxe5 d5 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Mayet Attack, Strautins Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Bc4 b5 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Mlotkowski Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.Nc3 [GL]

C40 = Latvian Gambit, Senechaud Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.b4 [GL]

C41 ® Philidor‘s Defense E

C41 = Philidor Defense, Alapin-Blackburne Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Bg4 4.dxe5 Nd7 [GL]

C41 = Philidor Defense, Bird Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 exd4 4.c3 [GL]

C41 = Philidor Defense, Lion Variation, Delayed Bishop Sac = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nf6 4.Nc3 Nbd7 5.Bc4 Be7 6.dxe5 dxe5 7.Bxf7+ [GL]

C41 = Philidor Defense, Lion Variation, Forcing Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nf6 4.Nc3 Nbd7 5.Bc4 Be7 6.Ng5 O-O 7.Bxf7+ Rxf7 8.Ne6 [GL]

C41 = Philidor Defense, Lopez Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Bc4 f5 [GL]

C41 = Philidor Defense, Morphy Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 [GL]

C41 = Philidor Defense, Philidor Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 f5 [GL]

C41 = Philidor Defense, Philidor Counter Gambit, Zukertort Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 f5 4.Nc3 [GL]

C41 = Philidor Defense, Philidor Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Bd7 [GL]

C42 = Russian Game, Cochrane Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Nxe5 d6 4.Nxf7 [GL]

C42 = Russian Game, Damiano Variation, Kholmov Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Nxe5 Nxe4 4.Qe2 Qe7 [GL]

C42 = Russian Game, Moody Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Qe2 Nc6 4.d4 [GL]

C42 = Russian Game, Stafford Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Nxe5 Nc6 [GL]

C42 = Russian Game, Urusov Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Bc4 [GL]

C42-C43 ® Russian (Petroff‘s) Defense E

C43 = Russian Game, Modern Attack, Center Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.d4 Nxe4 4.Bd3 [GL]

C43 = Russian Game, Modern Attack, Murrey Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.d4 Nxe4 4.Bd3 Nc6 [GL]

C43 = Russian Game, Modern Attack, Suchting Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 [GL]

C43 = Russian Game, Modern Attack, Tal Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.d4 exd4 4.e5 Ne4 5.Bb5 [GL]

C44 ® Ponziani Opening E

C44 = King Pawn Game, Paschman Wing Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.b4 [GL]

C44 = King Pawn Game, Tayler Opening, Basman Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Be2 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.e5 [GL]

C44 = Ponziani Opening, Caro Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.c3 d5 4.Qa4 Bd7 [GL]

C44 = Ponziani Opening, Neumann Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.c3 Nf6 4.Bc4 [GL]

C44 = Ponziani Opening, Ponziani Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.c3 f5 [GL]

C44 = Ponziani Opening, Spanish Variation, Harrwitz Attack, Nikitin Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.c3 d5 4.Bb5 dxe4 5.Nxe5 Qd5 6.Qa4 [GL]

C44 = Ponziani Opening, Vukovic Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.c3 Nf6 4.d4 Nxe4 5.d5 Bc5 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Gambe, Göring Gambit, Declined = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.c3 d5 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Göring Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.c3 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Göring Gambit, Bardeleben Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.c3 dxc3 5.Nxc3 Bb4 6.Bc4 Nf6 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Göring Gambit, Double Pawn Sacrifice = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.c3 dxc3 5.Bc4 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Göring Gambit, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.c3 dxc3 5.Nxc3 Bb4 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Napoleon Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 Nxd4 4.Nxd4 exd4 5.Bc4 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Relfsson Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bb5 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Schmid Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nxe4 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Scotch Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Scotch Gambit, Cochrane-Anderssen Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bc5 5.O-O d6 6.c3 Bg4 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Scotch Gambit, Dubois Reti Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Nf6 [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Scotch Gambit, London Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bb4+ [GL]

C44 = Scotch Game, Scotch Gambit, Saratt Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bc5 5.Ng5 [GL]

C45 ® Scotch Game E

C45 = Scotch Game, Alekhine Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.e5 [GL]

C45 = Scotch Game, Haxo Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bc5 [GL]

C45 = Scotch Game, Scotch Gambit, Advance Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Nf6 5.e5 [GL]

C45 = Scotch Game, Scotch Gambit, Kingside Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Nf6 5.e5 Ng4 [GL]

C45 = Scotch Game, Steinitz Variation, Gambit Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nxd4 Qh4 5.Nb5 [GL]

C46 ® Three Knights‘ Opening E

C46 = Four Knights Game, Halloween Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nxe5 [GL]

C46 = Four Knights Game, Halloween Gambit, Oldtimer Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nxe5 Nxe5 5.d4 Ng6 6.e5 Ng8 7.Bc4 Bb4 8.Qf3 f5 [GL]

C46 = Four Knights Game, Halloween Gambit, Plasma Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nxe5 Nxe5 5.d4 Nc6 6.d5 Ne5 7.f4 Ng6 8.e5 Ng8 9.d6 cxd6 10.exd6 Qf6 11.Nb5 Rb8 [GL]

C46 = Three Knights Opening, Winawer Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 f5 [GL]

C47 = Four Knights Game, Italian Variation, Noa Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bc4 Nxe4 5.Bxf7+ [GL]

C47 = Four Knights Game, Scotch Variation, Belgrade Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.Nd5 [GL]

C47 = Four Knights Game, Scotch Variation, Krause Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.d4 Bb4 5.Nxe5 [GL]

C47 = Four Knights Game, Scotch Variation, Krause Gambit, Leonhardt Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.d4 Bb4 5.Nxe5 Qe7 [GL]

C47 = Four Knights Game, Scotch Variation, Oxford Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.d4 Bb4 5.d5 Nd4 [GL]

C47-C49 ® Four Knights‘ Opening E

C48 = Four Knights Game, Spanish Variation, Classical Variation, Marshall Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bb5 Bc5 5.Nxe5 Nd4 6.Ba4 O-O [GL]

c5 (Feld) ® c5 (square) E

c5 (square) E ® c5 (Feld)

C50 ® Hungarian Defense E

C50 = Italian Game, Giuoco Pianissimo, Lucchini Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.d3 f5 [GL]

C50 = Italian Game, Rosentreter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.d4 [GL]

C50 = Italian Game, Rousseau Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 f5 [GL]

C50 = Italian Game, Schilling-Kostic Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nd4 [GL]

C50-C59 ® Italian Game (Giuoco Piano I) E

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Accepted = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Anderssen Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Be7 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Anderssen Variation, Cordel Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Be7 6.d4 Na5 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Goering Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Bc5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O d6 8.cxd4 Bb6 9.Nc3 Na5 10.Bg5 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Hein Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 d5 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Bc5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O d6 8.cxd4 Bb6 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Morphy Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Bc5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O d6 8.cxd4 Bb6 9.Nc3 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Mortimer-Evans Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Bc5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O d6 8.cxd4 Bb6 9.Nc3 Bg4 10.Qa4 Bd7 11.Qb3 Na5 12.Bxf7+ Kf8 13.Qc2 Kxf7 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Paulsen Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Bc5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O d6 8.cxd4 Bb6 9.d5 Na5 10.Bb2 Ne7 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Schulten Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O b5 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Stone-Ware Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Bd6 [GL]

C51 = Italian Game, Jerome Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.Bxf7+ [GL]

C51-C52 ® Evans Gambit E

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Compromised Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O dxc3 [GL]

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Compromised Defense, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O dxc3 8.Qb3 Qf6 9.e5 Qg6 10.Nxc3 Nge7 11.Ba3 [GL]

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Lasker Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.O-O d6 7.d4 Bb6 [GL]

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Leonhardt Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 b5 [GL]

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 [GL]

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Mieses Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O Nge7 [GL]

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Pierce Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 [GL]

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Slow Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.O-O [GL]

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Tartakower Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 d6 7.Qb3 [GL]

C52 = Italian Game, Evans Gambit, Waller Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.O-O d6 7.d4 exd4 8.Qb3 [GL]

C53 = Italian Game, Classical Variation, Albin Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Nf6 5.O-O [GL]

C53 = Italian Game, Classical Variation, Alexandre Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 f5 [GL]

C54 = Italian Game, Classical Variation, Greco Gambit, Anderssen Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Nf6 5.d4 exd4 6.e5 d5 7.Bb5 Ne4 8.cxd4 Bb4+ [GL]

C54 = Italian Game, Classical Variation, Greco Gambit, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Nf6 5.d4 exd4 6.cxd4 Bb4+ 7.Nc3 Nxe4 8.O-O Bxc3 [GL]

C54 = Italian Game, Classical Variation, Greco Gambit, Mason Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Nf6 5.d4 exd4 6.O-O [GL]

C54 = Italian Game, Classical Variation, Greco Gambit, Moeller-Bayonet Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Nf6 5.d4 exd4 6.cxd4 Bb4+ 7.Nc3 Nxe4 8.O-O Bxc3 9.d5 Bf6 10.Re1 Ne7 11.Rxe4 d6 12.g4 [GL]

C55 ® Two Knights‘ Defense E

C55 = Italian Game, Deutz Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.O-O Nf6 5.d4 [GL]

C55 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O [GL]

C55 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit, Max Lange Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Bc5 [GL]

C55 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit, Max Lange Attack, Long Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Bc5 6.e5 d5 7.exf6 dxc4 8.Re1+ Be6 9.Ng5 Qd5 10.Nc3 Qf5 11.Nce4 [GL]

C55 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, De Riviere Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.c3 [GL]

C55 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Perreux Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.Ng5 [GL]

C56 ® Max Lange Attack E

C56 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit, Anderssen Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Nxe4 6.Re1 d5 7.Bxd5 Qxd5 8.Nc3 [GL]

C56 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit, Anderssen Attack, Main Line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Nxe4 6.Re1 d5 7.Bxd5 Qxd5 8.Nc3 Qa5 9.Nxe4 Be6 10.Bd2 Qd5 11.Bg5 [GL]

C56 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit, Canal Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Nxe4 6.Re1 d5 7.Nc3 [GL]

C56 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit, Double Gambit Accepted = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Nxe4 [GL]

C56 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit, Max Lange Attack, Accepted = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Bc5 6.e5 d5 7.exf6 dxc4 8.Re1+ Be6 9.fxg7 [GL]

C56 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit, Max Lange Attack, Spielmann Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Bc5 6.e5 Ng4 [GL]

C56 = Italian Game, Scotch Gambit, Nakhmanson Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Nxe4 6.Nc3 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Fried Liver Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Nxd5 6.Nxf7 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Fritz Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Nd4 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Kloss Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Nb4 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Knight Attack, Normal Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Lolli Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Nxd5 6.d4 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Polerio Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Na5 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Ponziani-Steinitz Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 Nxe4 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Traxler Counterattack, Bishop sac line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 Bc5 5.Bxf7+ [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Traxler Counterattack, Knight sac line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 Bc5 5.Nxf7 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Traxler Counterattack, King March line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 Bc5 5.Nxf7 Bxf2+ 6.Kxf2 Nxe4+ 7.Ke3 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Traxler Variation, Trencianske-Teplice Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 Bc5 5.Bxf7+ Ke7 6.d4 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Ulvestad Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 b5 [GL]

C57 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Ulvestad Variation, Kurkin Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 b5 6.Bf1 h6 7.Nxf7 [GL]

C57-C59 ® Two Knights‘ Defense E

C58 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Polerio Defense, Bishop Check line = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Na5 6.Bb5+ [GL]

C58 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Polerio Defense, Bogoljubow Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Na5 6.Bb5+ c6 7.dxc6 bxc6 8.Qf3 [GL]

C58 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Polerio Defense, Kieseritsky Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Na5 6.d3 [GL]

C58 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Polerio Defense, Yankovich Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Na5 6.d3 h6 7.Nf3 e4 8.Qe2 Nxc4 9.dxc4 Bc5 10.Nfd2 [GL]

C59 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Polerio Defense, Goering Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Na5 6.Bb5+ c6 7.dxc6 bxc6 8.Be2 h6 9.Nf3 e4 10.Ne5 Qc7 [GL]

C59 = Italian Game, Two Knights Defense, Polerio Defense, Suhle Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Na5 6.Bb5+ c6 7.dxc6 bxc6 8.Be2 h6 [GL]

c6 (Feld) ® c6 (square) E

c6 (square) E ® c6 (Feld)

C60 = Spanish Game, Alapin Defense, Alapin Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bb4 4.c3 Ba5 5.Bxc6 dxc6 [GL]

C60 = Spanish Game, Brentano Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 g5 [GL]

C60 = Spanish Game, Cozio Defense, Tartakower Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nge7 4.d4 exd4 5.Nxd4 g6 6.Nc3 Bg7 7.Be3 O-O 8.Qd2 d5 [GL]

C60 = Spanish Game, Rotary-Albany Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 b6 [GL]

C60 = Spanish Game, Schleimann Defense, Jaenisch Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f5 4.exf5 [GL]

C60 = Spanish Game, Spanish Counter Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d5 [GL]

C60 = Spanish Game, Spanish Counter Gambit, Harding Counter Gambit, Fricke Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d5 4.Nxe5 Qg5 5.O-O [GL]

C60 = Spanish Game, Spanish Counter Gambit, Harding Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d5 4.Nxe5 Qg5 5.Nxc6 [GL]

C60-C99 ® Spanish Opening (Ruy Lopez) E

C61 ® Bird‘s Defense E

C62 ® Old Steinitz Defense E

C62 = Spanish Game, Steinitz Defense, Center Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d6 4.d4 exd4 5.0–0 [GL]

C63 ® Schliemann Gambit E

C63 = Spanish Game, Schliemann Defense = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f5 [GL]

C63 = Spanish Game, Schliemann Defense, Exchange Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f5 4.Bxc6 [GL]

C63 = Spanish Game, Schliemann Defense, Schönemann Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f5 4.d4 [GL]

C64 ® Cordel Defense E

C64 = Spanish Game, Classical Variation, Cordel Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.c3 f5 [GL]

C64 = Spanish Game, Classical Variation, Konikowski Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.c3 d5 [GL]

C64 = Spanish Game, Classical Variation, Spanish Wing Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.b4 [GL]

C64 = Spanish Game, Classical Variation, Zukertort Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.O-O Nf6 5.c3 [GL]

C65 ® 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 g8f6 d2d3 f8c5 c1e3 [JM] ®

C65 ® Berlin Defense E

C66 ® Modern Steinitz Defense E

C67 ® Rio de Janerio Defense E

C67 = Spanish Game, Berlin Defense, Rio Gambit Accepted = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 [GL]

C68-C69 ® Exchange Variation E

C69 = Spanish Game, Exchange Variation, Alapin Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 dxc6 5.O-O Bg4 6.h3 h5 [GL]

c7 (Feld) ® c7 (square) E

c7 (square) E ® c7(Feld)

C70 = Spanish Game, Morphy Defense, Norwegian Variation, Nightingale Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 b5 5.Bb3 Na5 6.Bxf7+ [GL]

C70 = Spanish Game, Morphy Defense, Schliemann Defense Deferred, Jaenisch Gambit Deferred = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 f5 5.exf5 [GL]

C71-C76 ® Modern Steinitz Defense E

C74 = Spanish Game, Morphy Defense, Jaffe Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.c3 [GL]

C77 ® Anderssen Variation E

C78 ® Archangel Variation; Moeller Attack E

C79 ® Russian Variation E

c8 (Feld) ® c8 (square) E

c8 (square) E ® c8 (Feld)

C80 ® Bernstein System E

C80 = Spanish Game, Open Variation, Skipworth Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0–0 Nxe4 6.Re1 d5 [GL]

C80 = Spanish Game, Open Variations, Harksen Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.d4 b5 7.Bb3 d5 8.c4 [GL]

C80 = Spanish Game, Open Variations, Karpov Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.d4 b5 7.Bb3 d5 8.dxe5 Be6 9.Nbd2 Nc5 10.c3 d4 11.Ng5 [GL]

C80-C83 ® Open Variation E

C81 ® Keres System E

C82 = Spanish Game, Open Variations, Dilworth Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.d4 b5 7.Bb3 d5 8.dxe5 Be6 9.c3 Bc5 10.Nbd2 O-O 11.Bc2 Nxf2 [GL]

C83 ® Main Line E

C84 ® Center Attack E

C84 = Spanish Game, Closed Variations, Center Attack, Basque Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.d4 exd4 7.e5 Ne4 8.c3 dxc3 [GL]

C85 ® Delayed Defered Exchange Variation E

C86 ® Worral Attack E

C88 ® Marshall Gambit E

C89 = Spanish Game, Marshall Attack, General = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 [GL]

C89 = Spanish Game, Marshall Attack, Modern Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 c6 [GL]

C89 = Spanish Game, Marshall Attack, Original Marshall Attack = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 Nf6 [GL]

C89 = Spanish Game, Marshall Attack, Steiner Variation = 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 e4 [GL]

C90 = Spanish Game, Closed Defense, Alekhine Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 Na5 9.Bc2 c5 10.d4 Qc7 11.Nbd2 O-O 12.Nf1 Bg4 13.Ne3 Bxf3 14.Qxf3 [GL]

C92 ® Zaitsev Variation E

C93 ® Smyslov Variation E

C94-C95 ® Breyer Variation E

C96-C99 ® Tchigorin E

CA = Chess Amateur mQ

CA = Kamel n [AL] ® Camel (1:3) E

Cabarkapa, Milenko born in Krupice, Yugoslavia. Blind world ch 1966-1970. IM 1986. E [BW] = 1938.07.24

Cabarkapa, Milenko IM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2230

Cabarkapa, Spasoje FM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2285

Cabarkapa, Velibor FM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2290

Cable match between the House of Commons & House of Representatives. E [BW] = 1897.05.31

Cable Match E The first cable match (moves transmitted by telegraph) was between the British Chess Club and the Manhattan Chess Club in 1895. In 1897 a cable match between the British House of Commons and the U.S. House of Representatives resulted in a draw. [CT] ® Kabelwettkampf ® KabelmatchD

CABLE; Last cable match between US and UK. E [BW] = 1911

Cabra EfD

Cabral, Renato K, BR

Cabrera, Alexis FM CUB, ELO VI 1998 = 2405

Cabrilo, Goran born in Gorazde, Yugoslavia. IM 1980. E [BW] = 1958.07.01

Cabrilo, Goran GM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2430

Caburis, L. K

Cacciare, Europe K, *15.04.1912-9.05.1964, I

Cacho Reigadas, Sergio IM ESP, ELO VI 1998 = 2425

Cadet E ® Kadett

CADET; 1st world cadet (under 16) championship. Won by Mestel. E [BW] = 1974

CADET; 1st world cadet championship (under-16). E [BW] = 1980

Cafe de la Regence ch, Paris, Goetz 1st. E [BW] = 1890

Cafe de la Regence opened in Paris. Closed in 1916. E [BW] = 1670

café game E ® Kaffeehauspartie

Café n de la Régence fFnD

Café, Schach- ® Schachcafé

Caffé Scaccomatto n Café in ® Marostica

Cafferty / Taimanov - The Soviet Championships. Q 224 Seiten - gebunden - Cadogan Chess 1998

Cafferty, Bernard born in Blackburn, England. Br corr ch 1960. FM 1984. BCM editor from 1981. E [BW] = 1934.06.27

Cafferty, Bernard FM ENG, ELO VI 1998 = 2240

Cage, John The controversial American composer was a frequent guest at the Marshall Chess Club, where he played with his friends Merce Cunningham and Marcel Duchamp. E [TR]

Cahane, Zvi K, *15.06.1906-7.06.1983, IL

Cahiers de l‘Echiquier Francais Q

Caillaud, Michel K, *10.04.1957, F

Caine, Walter Edmond K, *28.11.1898-1965, GB

Caissa (Tastrup) Q

Caissa , Magazine - ® Magazine Caissa Q ®

Caissa ‘s Chess News Q P.O. Box 09091, Cleveland, OH 44109.

Caissa ‘s f Dschungelbuch n ® E

Caissa ‘s fairy tales pQ & (25cm x 18cm, 37pp, stapled, green edge, was D1c). 111 fairy problems, with commentary. Privately published, Thornton Heath, London, 1947. Presented by A. C. Challenger. A duplicate copy formerly held has been withdrawn for disposal, in view of the existence of the bound volumes “Fairy chess / C. M. Fox series” and “Five classics of fairy chess” described below.. [BL] ® Caissas Märchen Q &

Caissa fDEF = Schachgöttin The legendary muse or goddess of chess, invented by the poet Vida in the sixteenth century poem, Scacchia Ludus. She was popularized by the orientalist Sir William Jones in the poem Caissa in 1763. ® Caissa (goddess of chess) E ®

Caissa Gosenbach-Eiserf. Schachverein

Caissa IMT HUN 97.02.15 - .

Caissa IMT Invitation International Master Invitation Tournament (Turnier)

Caissa IMT Kecskemet HUN 97.05.20 - 97.05.30

Caissa Invitation (Turnier) [NL-Scheveningen]

Caissa Invitation 1 E (Turnier) [H-Kecskemet]

Caissa Invitation 2 E (Turnier) [NL-Scheveningen]

Caissa Jockgrim Schachverein

Caissa Kassel Schachverein

Caissa Kecskemet HUN 97.05.12 - 97.05.18

Caissa Kft IM Tournament 1.4 -Zone 15.11.96 Kecskemet. HUN

Caissa Kft International 1.4 -Zone 25.03.97 Kecskemet. HUN

Caissa Kft Scheveningen 18.12.96 + 05.01.97 Kecskemet. HUN 1.4 -Zone

Caissa Q Allgemeine Zeitung in Dänemark

Caissa rium nDE

Caissa Schev HUN 97.02.22 - .

Caissa Schwarmstedt Schachverein

Caissa theme E ® Caissa -Thema

Caissa Zwolen Q

Caissa, the muse or goddess of chess, created by Sir William Jones. E [BW] = 1763

Caissa‘s Playthings pE ® Caissa‘s Spielzeug E

Caissa‘s Press Q, P.O. Box 609091, Cleveland, OH, 44109-0091. Buys and sells used (and some new) books; send $1 for current list.

Caissa‘s Web Q ®

Caissa‘s Wild Roses in Cluster Q & (25cm x 18cm, 32pp, stapled, green edge, was D1a). 161 fairy problems showing transformation of themes, with commentary. Privately published, Thornton Heath, London, 1937. Presented by A. C. Challenger. A duplicate copy formerly held has been withdrawn for disposal, in view of the existence of the bound volumes „Fairy chess / C. M. Fox series“ and „Five classics of fairy chess“ described below. [BL]

Caissa‘s wild roses Q & DAWSON, T. R. (25cm x 18cm, 23pp, stapled, grey-green edge, was D1). 150 fairy problems, with commentary. Privately published, Thornton Heath, London, 1935. Presented by the author. [BL]

Caissas fröhliche Tiefgarage Q (& Mit gezeichneten Schachblättern von Albert H. Kniest, Frankfurt 1970-1973, ergänzt Wegberg 1982, 111 Blatt; auch: feenschach, Aachen. [feenschach, Umschlag - Werbeseite]

Caissas Märchen Q & (27cm x 20cm, 52pp, dark blue spine). A German translation by W. Massmann of “Caissas Fairy Tales”. Kniest, Frankfurt am Main, 1949. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod. [BL]

Caissas Märchen Q T. R. Dawson, übersetzt von W. Maßmann, Frankfurt 1949, 50 S. - Schachmatt-Ausgabe Band 1 - auch: feenschach, Aachen. [feenschach, Umschlag - Werbeseite] ® Caissa‘s fairy tales pQ &

Caissas Schlossbewohner 2 Q & (21cm x 15cm, 135pp). 55 more of the same. Privately published, Wegberg, 1985. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod.. [BL]

Caissas Schlossbewohner 3 Q & (21cm x 15cm, 141pp). 55 more of the same. Privately published, Wegberg, 1986. Bequeathed by D. Nixon.. [BL]

Caissas Schlossbewohner 4 Q & (21cm x 15cm, 138pp). 55 more of the same. Privately published, Wegberg, 1991. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod.. [BL]

Caissas Schlossbewohner Q & KNIEST, P. (20cm x 14cm, 119pp). A collection of 55 contributions by contemporary composers, usually in their own languages. Privately published, Wegberg, 1983. Bequeathed by D. Nixon. [BL]

Caissas Schloßbewohner Q (von Peter Kniest und den Gästen in Caissas Schloß mit ihren repro(duzier)reifen Selbstdarstellungen, vielfach unter Einbeziehung von Fotos & Beigabe ihrer Lieblingswerke. 1. Folge Wegberg, 1983, 120 S., 2. Folge Wegberg 1985, 135 S., 3.Folge Wegberg 1987 144 S. , 4. Folge Wegberg 1991. [feenschach, Umschlag - Werbeseite]

Caissa-Thema n Als Verteidigung öffnet Schwarz in einer Variante mit einem Themastein schädlich eine weiße Linie. In einer zweiten Variante öffnet ein anderer Themastein zusätzlich eine Verteidigungslinie für den anderen Themastein. Dies erlaubt Weiß neue Mattführungen. [GS] ® Caissa theme E

caissic beauty E ® schachliche Schönheit

caissic E ® schachlich (Caissa)

Cala, T. K, I

Calabrese counter-gambit, Bishop‘s opening E = C23 1.e2e4 e7e5 f1c4 f7f5 [JM] ®

Calabrese counter-gambit, Jaenisch Variation, Bishop‘s opening E = C23 1.e2e4 e7e5 f1c4 f7f5 d2d3 [JM] ® Calabrese-Gegengambit

Calabrese, The E Nickname of Gioacchino Greco, 17 th century Italian player. [CT]

calc. depth E ® = calculation depth E

calculate E ® rechnen ® berechnen

calculate v deeply E ® tief a rechnen v

calculation depth EC ® Rechentiefe DC

calculation E = new calculation E ® Neuberechnung

calculation in advance E ® Vorausberechnung ® pre-calculation E

calculation of a combination E ® Berechnung ® calculation of a variation ® Variantenberechnung

calculation of a Variation E ® Variantenberechnung

calculation of move-length E ® Zuglängenberechnung

Calderin, Roberto IM MEX, ELO VI 1998 = 2425

Calendar, Chess Hawaii E - ® Chess Hawaii Calendar E

Calendars 1 Q ®

California Chess Journal Q Magazine ®

California Chess Reporter Q

California EQ ®

Caliph E ® Kalif

Caliph Omar ® Persia E

Calko, Jan K, *24.07.1945, CSR

call it a draw E ® unentschieden, eine Partie - halten v ® remis machen v

Callander, Charles K, *25.03.1854, IND

Callenberg, Ralf, ELO IV 1997 = 2065

Calota, Alina FM ROM, ELO VI 1998 = 2175

Calvani, Vito ®

Calvet, Fernand K, *4.11.1910, F

Calvi, Iganzio born in Reggio Emilia, Italy. Italian player and composer. E [BW] = 1797.01.21

Calvi, Iganzio died in Modena, Italy. Italian player and composer. E [BW] = 1872.08.17

Calvi, Ignazio K, *21.01.1797-17.08.1872, I

Calvin, Duif (Mar 30, 97) ®

Calvo declared persona non grata by FIDE, Seville, Spain. E [BW] = 1987.07

Calvo, Ricardo (1943- ) E Spanish journalist and International Master who was censured by FIDE for writing a letter in 1991 to New in Chess, a letter that was interpreted by many Latin American readers as racist. He wrote of an unnamed South American journalist who “corrupted” young people. [CT]

Calvo-Minguez, Ricardo born in Alicante, Spain. IM 1973. E [BW] = 1943.10.22

Calw, Kreisnachrichten - ® Kreisnachrichten Calw Q

Calzetta, Monica IM ESP, ELO VI 1998 = 2210

Camacho, Guillermo FM CUB, ELO VI 1998 = 2285

Camacho, Roberto FM ESA, ELO VI 1998 = 2240

Camao ED Zieht wie Camel, schlägt wie Camelhüpfer; von W. Karsch ® Cao mDE genannt ® Pieces Canons E ® Camao E

Camara, Helder born in Fortaleza, Brazil. IM 1972. E [BW] = 1937.02.07

Camara, Helder IM BRA, ELO VI 1998 = 2345

Camara, Luciano W. K, *7.01.1916, ARG

Camaratta b. Top corr. player. E [BW] = 1943.10.04

Camargo, Bernardo K, BR

Cambi, Renzo K, I

Cambodia Schach = ? (Khmer), French: Échecs

Cambridge BCPS-Meeting Cambridge, 1987. Q H#2, schwarze Halbfesselung Preisrichter: Norman (Alasdair) Macleod [feenschach IV-VII 1987 S. 69 Entscheid; 3 H#2]

Cambridge Springs Defence E ®

Cambridge Springs defence, 7.cd, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D52 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 b8d7 e2e3 c7c6 g1f3 d8a5 c4d5 [JM] ®

Cambridge Springs defence, Argentine Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D52 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 b8d7 e2e3 c7c6 g1f3 d8a5 f3d2 f8b4 d1c2 e8g8 g5h4 [JM] ®

Cambridge Springs defence, Bogoljubow Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D52 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 b8d7 e2e3 c7c6 g1f3 d8a5 f3d2 f8b4 d1c2 [JM] ®

Cambridge Springs defence, Capablanca Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D52 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 b8d7 e2e3 c7c6 g1f3 d8a5 g5f6 [JM] ®

Cambridge Springs defence, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D52 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 b8d7 e2e3 c7c6 g1f3 d8a5 [JM] ®

Cambridge Springs defence, Rubinstein Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D52 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 b8d7 e2e3 c7c6 g1f3 d8a5 f3d2 d5c4 [JM] ®

Cambridge Springs defence, Yugoslav Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D52 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 b8d7 e2e3 c7c6 g1f3 d8a5 c4d5 f6d5 [JM] ®

Cambridge Springs Defense E D51-D52 ® Cambridge Springs (Verteidigung)

Cambridge Springs Variation (Queen‘s Gambit) E ® Cambridge-Springs-Variante (Damengambit)

Cambridge Springs Variation and Devitations (Queen‘s Gambit) E ® Cambridge-Springs-Variante und Abweichungen (Damengambit)

Cambridge Springs, PA tourney. Won by Marshall. Tournament book published 35 years later. E [BW] = 1904.04.25

Cambridge-Springs-Variante f und Abweichungen fp (Damengambit) ® Cambridge Springs Variation and Devitations (Queen‘s Gambit) E

Cambrigde-Oxford Match E Longest running annual match in chess. The traditional series began in 1873. [CT]

Camel + 0:4-Springer m ® Ll [UM] ® E

Camel 1 E The name used for the Bishop in Tibet and Mongolia. [CT]

Camel 2 E = CA [AL] ® Sl [UM] = 1:3-Leaper E ® Kamel ® chameau mF ® CA ® Camel-Springer ® Kamel ® 1:3-Springer ® Camel E® 1:3-Leaper E

Camel ailé E ®

Camel rose E ® Kamelrose

Camel, Dame + - ® Dame + Camel

Cameleon E ® Chameleon E ® Kameleon ® Chamäleon

Camelhopper E ® Kamelhüpfer ® Camelhüpfer = LH

Camelhüpfer m = Dl [UM] = LH [AL] ® Camelhopper E

Camelkönig m = Königliches Kamel ® Königlicher 1:3-Springer ® Royal Camel E

Camel-Leaper E 1:3-Leaper ® Kamel-Springer ® Camel = CA

Camelopard E ® Kamelopard

Camelreiter m = ME [AL] = Tl [UM] ® 1:3-Reiter ® Kamelreiter = ME ® Camelrider E ® 1:3-Rider E

Camelreiterhüpfer m Tl [UM] = 1:3-Reiterhüpfer ® Camelriderhopper E ® 1:3-Riderhopper E

Camelrider E 1:3-Rider E ® Kamelreiter

Camelriderhopper E 1:3-Riderhopper E ® Camelreiterhüpfer

Camelrose f ® Kamelrose f ® Camel rose E

Camel-Springer m ® Kamel-Springer ® = 1:3-Springer = Camel (-Leaper) E ® 1:3-Leaper E

Cameron, Ken K

Cameroon (24 major African language groups) Schach = English: Chess, French: Échecs

Camille ® Ich muss fort, sie reiben mich mit ihrer Politik noch auf ...

Caminade, Christian K, *1940, F

Camorani, Mario K, *15.09.1912, I

camouflage E ® Nachtwächter

camouflage pieces pE ® Nachtwächter (dient nur zur Täuschung, Verführung unthematischer Art, zwecks größerer Schwierigkeit)

camouflet EF = offense E ®

camouflet F = Tempete 72 = Grobe Beleidigung ® camouflet F = offense E

Campbell, Alexander William Dennistoun K, *8.09.1848-11.04.1931, GB

Campbell, Joseph born in Cookstown, Ulster. Problemist E [BW] = 1830.05.

Campbell, Joseph died in London. Problemist. E [BW] = 1891.01.01

Campbell, Joseph Graham K, *05.1830-1.01.1891, IRL

Campione m L+S ® Knighted chess E ® Centauro

Campling, E. S. K

Campo, Achille K, *10.09.1832-31.03.1910, I

Campomanes steps down as FIDE President. E [BW] = 1995.11.24

Campomanes, Florencio (1927- ) First non-European elected FIDE President. He played Board 2 for the Philippines in the 1956 Olympiad in Moscow, the 1958 Olympiad in Munich, and was the top board for the Philippines in the 1960 Chess Olympiad. When he was elected FIDE President in 1982 the entire FIDE staff and FIDE secretary resigned in protest. He graduated from Brown University. [CT]

Campomanes, Florencio (1927-) ®

Campomanes, Florencio, FIDE president since 1982, born in Manila. IA 1958. E [BW] = 1927.02.22

Camponovo, Elios K, *7.09.1909-3.04.1967, CH

Campora, Daniel born in San Nicolas, Argentina. IM 1982; GM 1986. Argentinian ch 1986, 1989. E [BW] = 1957.06.30

Campora, Daniel H. GM ARG, ELO VI 1998 = 2540

Campos Lopez, Mario IM MEX, ELO VI 1998 = 2345

Campos Moreno, Javier B. IM CHI, ELO VI 1998 = 2495

Campos, Alberto FM MEX, ELO VI 1998 = 2300

Campos, Jose Felix FM ARG, ELO VI 1998 = 2265

Campos, Luis Maria FM ARG, ELO VI 1998 = 2320

Campos-Lopez, Mario born in Mexico. IM 1975. E [BW] = 1943.05.15

Campos-Moreno, Javier born in Santiago, Chile. IM 1979. E [BW] = 1959.03.06

CAN = CDN ® Kanada ® Canada E

can E To know how to: He can play, although he‘s not particularly good at it. E [CC] ® können, vermögen, in der Lage sein; wissen (wie)

Canada E = CAN = CDN, Schach = English: Chess, French: Échecs ®

Canadian (Madhouse) Chess E When a capture is made, the player making the capture must replace the piece on any square of his choice. Pawns may not be replaced on the back rank. [LH]

Canadian Cadet 2.2 -Zone 09.03.97 Victoria. CAN

Canadian Chess Association founded. E [BW] = 1872

Canadian Chess Chat Q = CCC Q

Canadian Chess E ® Canadian (Madhouse) Chess E

Canadian Chess Events pE

Canadian Chess Federation changes name to Chess Federation of Canada. E [BW] = 1945

Canadian Chess Federation replaces Canadian Chess Association. E [BW] = 1932

Canadian Chess nQ ® Kanadisches Schach ® Schach in Kanada

Canadian chess problems Q & STUBBS, C. F. (16cm x 13cm, 223pp). 200 direct mates by Canadian composers, plus a few endgames from play. Privately published, St John, 1890.. [BL]

Canadian Courier Q

Canadian Juniors Championship 27.12.96 Edmonton. CAN 2.2 -Zone

Canadian Open in New Brunswick - won by Timoshenko E [BW] = 1990.06.29

Canadian Zone f engl. = Zone f 6 (FIDE)

Canal (Venice) Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D50 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 c7c5 c4d5 d8b6 [JM] ®

Canal / Prins-Gambit f (Damengambit) ® Canal‘s Variation (Queen‘s Gambit) E

Canal Attack / French Defense - Exchange Variation: C01 E ® Canal-Angriff / Französische Verteidigung - Austausch-Variante: C01 ® French Defense - Exchange Variation: Canal Attack E C01

Canal Variation E D50 ® Canal Venice Variation E

Canal Variation, Giuoco Pianissimo E = C50 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1c4 f8c5 d2d3 g8f6 b1c3 d7d6 c1g5 [JM] ®

Canal Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D50 ® Canal Venice Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E

Canal Variation, two knights defence E = C56 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1c4 g8f6 d2d4 e5d4 e1g1 f6e4 f1e1 d7d5 b1c3 [JM] ®

Canal, Esteban born in Chiclayo, Peru. Hungarian ch 1933. IM 1950. HGM 1977. E [BW] = 1896.04.19

Canal, Esteban died in Varese, Italy. Hungarian ch 1933. IM 1950. HGM 1977. E [BW] = 1981.02.14

Canal, Esteban K, *19.04.1896-14.02.1981, I Peruvian chessplayer who got his Grandmaster title in 1977 at the age of 81. Canal lived in Venice, Italy since 1923, yet represented Peru as late as 1950 in the chess olympiad. [CT]

Canal‘s Trap E ® Canal-Falle

Canal‘s Variation (Queen‘s Gambit) E ® Canal / Prins-Gambit (Damengambit)

Canal-Angriff / Französische Verteidigung - Austausch-Variante: C01 ® Canal Attack / French Defense - Exchange Variation E C01

Canal-Falle f ® Canal‘s Trap E

Canal-Sokolsky (Nimzovich-Rossolimo, Moscow) attack, Sicilian E = B51 1.e2e4 c7c5 g1f3 d7d6 f1b5 [JM] ®

Canal-Sokolsky attack, 3...Bd7, Sicilian E = B52 1.e2e4 c7c5 g1f3 d7d6 f1b5 c8d7 [JM] ®

Canal-Sokolsky attack, Bronstein gambit, Sicilian E = B52 1.e2e4 c7c5 g1f3 d7d6 f1b5 c8d7 b5d7 d8d7 e1g1 b8c6 c2c3 g8f6 d2d4 [JM] ®

Canal-Sokolsky attack, Sokolsky Variation, Sicilian E = B52 1.e2e4 c7c5 g1f3 d7d6 f1b5 c8d7 b5d7 d8d7 c2c4 [JM] ®

Canard E ® Ente

Canard Formation - Double Duck Variation E A02 1.f4 f5 2.d4 d5. The symmetrical response to the Canard is not at all bad, but Black must avoiding following the path of this game, which led to a rapid demise. 3.Nf3 c5 4.e3 e6; 5.Bd3. [UO] ® Canard Formation - Doppel-Enten-Variante A02

cancel ajournement E ® Abbruch ® Cancel CE

Cancel CE ® Abbruch C

cancellation chess E ®

cancellation chess, Oppo~ ® Oppo-cancellation chess E

Cancellation fE ®

cancellation, Variationsfamilie f - ® Variationsfamilie „cancellation“

Canda, Danilo born in Nicuaraga. IM 1986. E [BW] = 1961.02.10

Canda, Danilo IM NCA, ELO VI 1998 = 2335

Candea, Gheorghe IM ROM, ELO VI 1998 = 2310

Candela Perez, Jose FM ESP, ELO VI 1998 = 2380

Candela Sanz, Rafael & Carra, Arturo - Note Critiche Nel Campo Dell‘Aiutomatto. IQ = Kritische Bemerkungen zum Gebiet des Hilfsmatts. [problem (79-82) I 1962 S. 106-109; 14 Aufgaben, davon 13 H#; an einigen Beispielen wird die Technik der Verbesserung inkorrekter Hilfsmattaufgaben erklärt]

Candela Sanz, Rafael K, *23.09.1908, E

Candiates matches over in Wijk aan Zee; Timman, Gelfand, Kamsky, Salov, Anand, Kramnik E [BW] = 1994.01.31

candidate E ® Kandidat ® Anwärter ® Meisterkandidat

candidate for relegation E ® Abstiegskandidat

candidate master E ® Meisteranwärter

Candidate move EC One of a number of possible realistic moves. there may be a number of legal moves available but only moves that can achieve something positive within the framework of the current game can be called candidate moves. ® Kandidatenzüge p = realistische, sinnvoll vorausgewählte Kandidaten für den nächsten Zug C

Candidates match: Tal defeats Portisch; Larsen defeats Ivkov E [BW] = 1965.07

Candidates Matches start in Wijk aan Zee E [BW] = 1994.01.16

Candidates Quarterfinals in Brussels (SWIFT) E [BW] = 1991.08.25

CANDIDATES; 1st Candidates matches: Spassky beats Keres; Geller defeats Smyslov. E [BW] = 1965.04

CANDIDATES; 2nd Candidates tournament, Zurich, Smyslov 1st. E [BW] = 1953.07.28

CANDIDATES; A tied candidates match was decided by a roulette wheel. E [BW] = 1983

CANDIDATES; Curacao Candidates; Petrosiam 1st; Fischer 4th. E [BW] = 1962.08

CANDIDATES; Linares, Spain; Short beats Karpov; Timman beats Yusupov E [BW] = 1992.04

CANDIDATES; Start of 1st Candidates playoff, Bronstein-Boleslavsky, Moscow. E [BW] = 1950.07.31

CANDIDATES; Start of Bled Candidates tourney. E [BW] = 1959.09.06

CANDIDATES; Start of Candidates tourney, Amsterdam. E [BW] = 1956.03.27

CANDIDATES; Start of Curacao Candidates tourney. E [BW] = 1962.05.02

CANDIDATES; Start of Montpellier Candidates tournament. E [BW] = 1985.10.11

candidates‘ tournament E ® Kandidatenturnier

Candy, W. E. K

Canis mopsis assassinus ® Meuchelmops ® E

Cannes Open B 22.02.97 Cannes. FRA 1.1b-Zone

Cannes Q ®

Cannibal Chess E = Kannibalenschach: Schlagen ist nur unter Steinen derselben Farbe gestattet. Steine besitzen allerdings keinerlei Schachwirkung auf den eigenen König. Die Wirkung auf den gegnerischen König ist normal. [G. Leathem, Chess Amateur, 1928] ® Kannibalenschach

cannibale F = Tempete 58 = Kannibalismus

Cannon E = P = Pao. Each army has 1 cannon. It moves vertically or horizontally without limit. There must be an intervening piece for it to attack another piece - it moves just like modern-day cannon: however, cannons capture by jumping over a piece to capture another piece. Example: a cannon sits on e1; a knight sits on f1 (the piece can belong to either side); and an opposing rook sits on h1. The cannon could capture the rook by jumping over the knight. It can only capture by jumping, and can jump over only one piece. If there were two pieces between the cannon and the rook, then the rook could not be captured by that cannon. The cannon cannot jump if it isn‘t going to capture something, it must simply move like a rook.® Qiguo Xiangxi E 7 Warring States Chess E. [LH] ® Kanone ® Yi Zheng Retired Scholar Pei Zi-xi EQ (The -)

cannot capture piece EC ®

cannot delete line EC® Kann Variante nicht löschen C

cannot pack EC ® C

cannot promote line EC ® Kann Variante nicht aufwerten vC

Canonical Chess Games and Positions index to 500 chess games pEQ ® Canon/ canonidx.html E ® Exeter Chess Club Canon/ canonidx.html ®

Canons, Échecs - ® Échecs Canons pE

Canons, Pieces - ® Pièces Canons pF

CANONS; 50th rule of the canons forbids chess. E [BW] = 0680

Cant Castler E ®

Canterbury Blitz Tournament Q

Canterbury Q ®

Canute died. E [BW] = 1035

Canute E King of Denmark and England in the 11th century. He learned the game of chess during a pilgrammage to Rome. The king had a Danish earl murdered when the earl overturned a chessboard after the King made a bad move and tried to take it back. [CT]

Canute, King of Denmark and England, learns to play chess from pilgrimmage to Rome. E [BW] = 1027

Cao 1 [W. Karsch] ® Camao ED

Cao 2 = Kamelhüpfer: Zieht wie Springer; schlägt wie Springerhüpfer, also auf das zweite Springerfeld, falls das erste von einem Stein beliebiger Farbe besetzt ist. ® Pièces Canons pF

Cao, Sang IM VIE, ELO VI 1998 = 2495

Capa ® Capablanca y Graupera, Jose Raoul (Kurzname)

Capa beats Lasker, 9-5, Havana. E [BW] = 1921.04.28

Capa played a team of 38 members of the House of Commons. w 36, d 2. E [BW] = 1919.12.02

Capa plays 103 players, winning 102, drawing 1, in Cleveland. E [BW] = 1922.02.04

CAPA; 1st Capablanca Memorial in Cuba. E [BW] = 1962

Capablanca - Grundzüge der Schachstrategie. Q 159 Seiten - kartoniert - Beyer 1991

Capablanca - Letzte Schachlektionen. Q 62 Seiten - kartoniert - Rau 1985

Capablanca - My Chess Career. Q 238 Seiten - kartoniert - Grandmaster Publishing 1994

Capablanca anti-Cambridge Springs Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D51 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 b8d7 e2e3 c7c6 a2a3 [JM] ®

Capablanca Chess E: rules as in ortho-chess, except: 1) The board is 10x8 instead of 8x8 2) There are two new pieces: The “archbishop”, which has the move of both the bishop and the knight, and the “cardinal”, which has the move of the rook and the knight. 3) The king moves three squares to castle instead of two, with the rook moving one square past the king as in ortho-chess. 4) The pawn may promote to the archbishop or cardinal, in addition to promoting to the queen, bishop, knight, or rook. Here is yet another idea for a 2 player chess variant. Although not all rules have been defined yet, here goes. By the way leave me comments if you find this a good idea, as well as change possibilities to make it more fun.. [LH] ® Capablanca-Schach

Capablanca defeats Lasker to become world champion. E [BW] = 1911.04.10

Capablanca died at the Manhattan Chess Club. World chess champion 1921-1927. Elo: 2725. E [BW] = 1942.03.08

Capablanca goes 13-0 in New York tournament. E [BW] = 1913

Capablanca hat seinen stürmischen Rivalen in London bewiesen, das man Erster sein kann, trotzdem man der Beste ist. [Tartakower, Dr. S. G. Enzyklopädisches Schachwörterbuch. Nach neuesten Forschungen zusammengestellt von ~ ; ungarische Problemschachzeitung ~ 1923/1924, S. 199-202]

Capablanca Magazine nQ

Capablanca Memorial Tournament E ® Capablanca-Gedenkturnier

Capablanca played 720 games in a simul tour, 686 wins, 20 draws, 14 losses. E [BW] = 1909

Capablanca Q Euwe / Prins. 368 Seiten - gebunden - Das Schacharchiv 1979

Capablanca System E D67 ® Capablanca-System

Capablanca Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D30 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 g1f3 g8f6 c1g5 b8d7 e2e3 c7c6 b1d2 [JM] ®

Capablanca Variation, Queen‘s Indian E = E16 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 g1f3 b7b6 g2g3 c8b7 f1g2 f8b4 [JM] ®

Capablanca wins NY International. E [BW] = 1927.03.23

Capablanca y Graupera, Jose born in Havana. World chess champion 1921-1927. Elo: 2725. E [BW] = 1888.11.19

Capablanca y Graupera, Jose Raoul World Chesschampion K, *19.11.1888-8.03.1942, C. Achieved perfect scores three times: New York 1910 (7-0), New York 1913 (13-0), and New York 1914 (11-0). Fischer won the 1963 US Championship 11-0, defeated Taimanov 6-0 and Larsen 6-0 in the Candidates matches. [CT] Sent to Columbia University from Cuba in 1906 to study chemical engineering, he spent most of his time at the Manhattan Chess Club. Two years later he dropped out of Columbia University and dedicated most of his time to chess. In 1908-09 he toured the U.S. and lost only one game inhundreds of games played during simultaneous exhibitions, winning all the others. In 1913 Capablanca obtained a post in the Cuban Foreign Office with the title of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary General from the Government of Cuba to the World at Large. After his divorce from his first wife, her family had him demoted to the post of Commercial Attaché. He once had the mayor of Havana clear a tournament room so that no one would see him resign a game (against Marshall in 1913). He once refused to pose with a beautiful film star, saying, “Why should I give her publicity?” E Capa lost only 36 games out of 567 in his whole life. He did not lose a single game from 1916 to 1924. Capablanca never had a chess set at home. He died while watching a chess game at the Manhattan chess club. General Batista, President of Cuba, took personal charge of the funeral arrangements. [CT] ® Börsenspieler und Finanzmagnat

Capablanca‘s 10x8-Spiel nQ T+S = chancellor E auf der h-Linie und L+S = archbishop E auf der c-Linie. [Ed. Lasker - The adventure of chess Q, 1949; angeblich zit. in J. Gollon, Chess variations; Variant Chess 6, IV-VI/1991, S. 68] ® Knighted chess E

Capablanca‘s Chess n = 30 John Gollon, 1974: Ancient Chess Variations E

Capablanca‘s Decimal Chess n Bauern können aus der Grundstellung auch einen Dreifachschritt machen (dadurch eröffnet er dem Gegner 2x2 simultane en passant-Schlagmöglichkeiten) [J. R. Capablanca, vor 1925; ® Variant Chess 6, IV-VI/1991, S. 71] ® Capablanca‘s Decimal Chess E (® 10x10-Schachspiele) ® 10x10-Schachspiele p ® Capablanca‘s Dezimal-Schach

Capablanca‘s system of liberation E ® Capablancasches Befreiungssystem

Capablanca‘s Variation, English E = A12 1.c2c4 c7c6 g1f3 d7d5 b2b3 g8f6 c1b2 c8g4 [JM] ®

Capablanca-Alekhine world championship, Buenos Aires. E [BW] = 1927.09.16

Capablanca-Duras Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D30 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 g1f3 g8f6 c1g5 h7h6 [JM] ®

Capablanca-Gedenkturnier n ® Capablanca Memorial Tournament E

Capablanca-Lasker match, won by Capablanca. Lasker ch for 26.8 yrs. E [BW] = 1921.06

Capablancas Best Games Q Golombek. 286 Seiten - kartoniert - Batsford 1996

Capablancas Verlustpartien. Q Görschen. 158 Seiten - kartoniert - Das Schacharchiv 1976

Capablanca-Schach n ® Capablanca Chess E

Capablancasches Befreiungssystem n ® Capablanca‘s system of liberation E

Cape Verde Portuguese Crioulo, a blend of Portuguese and West African words Schach = ?

Capece, Adolivio K, *17.01.1947, I

Capelan, Gunter born in Wermelskirchen, Germany. IM 1968. E [BW] = 1932.07.28

Capella C Saitek-Schach-Computer: Connoisseur-Reihe

Capitalist Chess nE Game [Reiner Knizia, Variant Chess VIII 1996 S. 3]

Capo, Jose FM CHI, ELO VI 1998 = 2390

Caponetti, Raffaele Arturo K, *6.02.1907, I

Caposciutti, Maurizio FM ITA, ELO VI 1998 = 2360

capped a Bishop aE ® capped aE ® Mützchenläufer m (Hilmar Ebert): Markierter Läufer, mit dem in einer Vorgabepartie das Matt erfolgen soll.

capped a King aE ® capped aE ® Mützchenkönig m (Hilmar Ebert): Markierter König, mit dem in einer Vorgabepartie das Matt erfolgen soll.

capped a Knight aE ® capped aE ® Mützchenspringer m (Hilmar Ebert): Markierter Springer, mit dem in einer Vorgabepartie das Matt erfolgen soll.

capped a Men aE ® capped aE ® Mützchenstein m (Hilmar Ebert): Markierter Stein, mit dem in einer Vorgabepartie das Matt erfolgen soll.

capped a Pawn aE ® capped aE ® Mützchenbauer m (Hilmar Ebert): Markierter Bauer, mit dem in einer Vorgabepartie das Matt erfolgen soll.

capped a Piece aE ® capped aE ® Mützchenfigur f (Hilmar Ebert): Markierte Figur, mit dem in einer Vorgabepartie das Matt erfolgen soll.

capped a Queen aE ® capped aE ® Mützchendame f (Hilmar Ebert): Markierte Dame, mit dem in einer Vorgabepartie das Matt erfolgen soll.

capped a Rook aE ® capped aE ® Mützchenturm m (Hilmar Ebert): Markierter Turm, mit dem in einer Vorgabepartie das Matt erfolgen soll.

capped aE A pawn that has been singled out or marked by a strong player as the one with which he or she intends to effect checkmate in giving a weaker opponent odds. [CC] ® “Mützchenbauer” (Hilmar Ebert): Markierter Bauer, mit dem in einer Vorgabepartie das Matt erfolgen soll.

Cappelle la Grande 97.02.15 - 97.02.22 ® Cappelle la Grande Open E

Cappelle la Grande Open n Turnier

Capps, Carrol died. Chess benefactor. E [BW] = 1971

Capracz F. K [Frühes Hilfsmatt]

Capraez, Friedrich K, *7.02.1830-6.1891, CH

Caprano, Janosich , D, ELO VII 1998 2390

Caprice-Thema n In einer oder mehreren Verführungen wird eine Mattdrohung A aufgestellt, die durch eine schwarze Verteidigung widerlegt werden könnte, wenn ein für Schwarz nützlicher (und Weiß schädlichen) Effekt B realisiert werden könnte. In der Lösung erzielt der Schlüssel diesen für Schwarz nützlichen Effekt B und droht ein neues Matt. Das Drohmatt der Verführung erscheint in einer der Varianten wieder. [GS]

Capricorne E® gehörnte a Dame

Capricorne-Locuste E ®

Capris, Marius, ELO IV 1997 = 2010

Captain E ® Kapitän

capture (du roi ) QF ® Gefangennahme (des Königs ) ®

capture chess, Oppo - ® Oppo capture chess E

Capture E ® Schlag ® Schlagfall ® Schlagen v ® Prise F ® Captura S

Capture Games pE ®

capture of pieces E ® Figurenfang

capture of the King E (e.g. in ® lightning chess) ® Schlagen des Königs (z. B. im ® Blitzschach)

capture Roman E ® Schlagrömer

capture Roman of inferior rank E ® Schlagrömer (niedrigeren Ranges, minderwertig ?)

capture vE To take possession of, as in a game or contest: to capture a pawn in [CC] To remove a piece or pawn from the board by replacing it with one of your pieces executing a legal move. The longest delay of a capture of a piece or pawn is 57 moves, played by Chajes-Grünfeld, Carlsbad 1923. The game took over 15 hours and lasted 121 moves. [CT] ® prendre vF® schlagen v

capture, neither - side may E ® Ohneschlag

capture, Variationsfamilie - ® Variationsfamilie capture E

capturées, Échecs sentinelles - ® Échecs sentinelles capturées pF

capture-Hamburger E ® Schlag-Hamburger

captures E ® schlägt v ® nimmt v

captures poisoned pawn E ® nimmt vergifteten Bauern

Captures, Conversion - ® Conversion captures E

Capturing E ® Schlagen ® prise F

capturing key E ® Schlagschlüssel

Capturing man E ® schlagender Stein

capturing orgy E ® Freßorgie

capturing piece E [J. de A. Almay, Budapest; FCR 4/5/p. 83] E ® schlagende Figuren p

capturing pieces E ® Schlagfiguren p

Capturing Pieces, All~ ® All-capturing pieces pE

capturing power of the men E ® Schlagwirkung (Schlagkraft ) des (Schach-) Steines

Capturing Prohibition E ® Schlagverbot

capturing square E ® Schlagfeld

capturing unit, A ~ ® A capturing unit E

capturing zigzags E ® Schlagzickzack

caracoleur ®

Caratsch, Alfredo K, CH

Caravan, Mariana FM ROM, ELO VI 1998 = 2125

Card Chess E - Dr. Reiner Knizia: 25 new games Q, Germany 1997 ?! [Richard Garfield, Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 214] ® Card-Schach

Cardano, Girolamo Not only did Cardano invent probability, but an achievement in chess was grand as well. He was the one who figured out how to print chess diagrams with shaded dark squares! E [TR]

Cardinal mFE = Ll [UM] Linienfigur, die in Läuferrichtungen zieht und einmal im Schnittpunkt der Feldergrenzen mit dem Rand reflektieren kann. Dabei wird die Felderfarbe gewechselt. Move like a bishop but can rebound on the edges of the board (only once) with change of square color. F ® Kardinal ® Cardinal F

Cardon, Helmut IM NED, ELO VI 1998 = 2385

Cardoso, Rodolfo born in Anda, Philippines. Philippine ch 1958, 1963. IM 1957. World Jr Ch 1957. E [BW] = 1937.12.25

Cardoso, Ruth K, *9.02.1934, BR

Cardozo Braga, L. A. K

CARDS; Playing cards introduced. E [BW] = 1320

Card-Schach n® Card Chess E

Carel Mann Q & with van Donk, H. (27cm x 21cm, 112pp). 147 studies and 66 problems by Mann and 17 studies by others, with commentary and a biographical introduction; in Dutch, with a summary in English. ARVES, Margraten, 1991. On loan from J. D. Beasley; for reference only. [BL]

Caresmel, Andre K, *28.05.1907-2.12.1975, F

Carew, Lady Jane (1797-1901) E First chessplayer to live in three centuries. [CT]

Carew, Ricky ®

CAREW; Lady Jane Carew d. Chessplayer who lived in 3 centuries (1797-1901). E [BW] = 1901.11

Carfora, Alfonso K, I

Carl - Paul Keres. Q 169 Seiten - kartoniert - Taschenbuch Beyer 1983

Carl - Schlechter. Q Goldman. 537 Seiten - gebunden - Caissa Edition 1994

Carl, Erich, ELO IV 1997 = 2126

Carl, Manfred, ELO IV 1997 = 2136

Carless, David FM HKG, ELO VI 1998 = 2215

Carli, Günter, ELO IV 1997 = 2104

Carlier, Bruno IM NED, ELO VI 1998 = 2415

Carlos, R. K, BR

Carls, Carl born in Varel, Germany. German ch 1934. IM 1951. Elo: 2450 E [BW] = 1880.09.16

Carls, Carl died in Bremen, Germany. German ch 1934. IM 1951. Elo: 2450 E [BW] = 1958.09.11

Carls‘ Bremen system, English E = A22 1.c2c4 e7e5 b1c3 g8f6 g2g3 [JM] ®

Carlsbad Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined Slav E = D17 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 c7c6 g1f3 g8f6 b1c3 d5c4 a2a4 c8f5 f3e5 b8d7 e5c4 d8c7 g2g3 e7e5 [JM] ®

Carlson, Lars Richard K, *6.02.1885, USA

Carlson, Mats FM SWE, ELO VI 1998 = 2305

Carlsson, Oscar Jorge K, ARG *23.04.1924

Carmel, Ephraim FM ISR, ELO VI 1998 = 2240

Carnic, Srdjan FM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2415

Carniol J., Dr. K Csecho-Slovakia 1923 [Frühes Hilfsmatt]

Caro Kann Defense - Advance Variation: Bayonet E B12 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Bf5 4.g4. The early advance of the g-pawn constitutes a serious violation of opening principles and Black can handle it without too much difficulty. 4...Bd7. This is the best defense. Now that White has created a weakness, the bishop retreats to a square from which it can still keep pressure at g4. 5.Bg2 Welling describes this as ”Basman‘s new idea”, but in fact it is an old move, which Petrosian faced. White has about a dozen alternatives, but we‘ll just look at a couple of the more unusual ones. [UO] ® Caro Kann-Verteidigung - Advance-Variante Bayonet B12

Caro Kann Defense - De Bruycker Defense E A40 1.d4 Na6 2.e4 c6. Based on the idea that 3.Bxa6 can be met by 3...Qa5+ and then ...Qxa6, avoiding the doubling of pawns. Other than that, it has little merit and is just an inferior sort of Caro - Kann. The knight‘s only future is at c7, but that is not the best square. It is interesting to compare this line with a more standard [UO] ® Caro Kann-Verteidigung - De Bruycker-Verteidigung A40

Caro Kann Defense - Edinburgh Variation EB12 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 Qb6. The Edinburgh Variation got its name from the 1985 British Championship, held in that distinguished and venerable chess city in Scotland. I have played it a number of times, and find it an interesting antidote to 3.Nd2. The option may appeal to players of the Gurgenidze System, since if Black adopts that formation here the knight on d2 is well-placed, as a pawn is needed at c3 to support the center. 4.Ngf3. 4.c4 was once considered a refutation, but I found 4...e5! where 5.dxe5 Bc5 gives Black a strong initiative for the pawn. [UO]

Caro Kann Defense - Goldman Variation E B10 1.e4 c6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Qf3. The Goldman Variation is another example of premature queen development, but it is only bad if White makes errors later. Normally, it leads to a dull equality. 3...dxe4. 3...d4 opens up the c4 square, not a good idea. 4.Bc4! Nf6 Black can defend less aggressively with 4...e6, of course. 5.e5 dxc3 6.exf6 and Black has a choice of three captures. Are any of them any good? A) 6...cxd2+ 7.Bxd2 gxf6 8.0-0-0 Qc7 9.Nh3 Nd7? Why not just paint a big bullseye at f7 and say ”hit me”? (9...Bg7 is correct, clearing the f8-square.) 10.Bxf7+ Kxf7 11.Ng5+ Kg6 12.Qe4+ Black resigned, Ribeiro - Lloret, Linares Open 1995. B) 6...cxb2 7.Bxf7+! 7...Kxf7 8.fxg7+ Kxg7 9.Bxb2+ Kg8 10.Qb3+and it is time to turn out the lights. C) 6...exf6 is the playable line. 7.dxc3 7...Bd6 8.Be3 Be6 9.Bxe6 fxe6 10.0-0-0 (+-),. 3...e6 is simply boring. 4.Nxe4 Nd7 This is played to allow ...Nf6 without the disruption of the kingside pawn structure. 5.d4. (5.b4 is an original approach. 5...Qb6 6.a3 Ngf6 7.Bb2 a5 8.Bc4 e6) [UO]

Caro Kann Defense - Gurgenidze Counterattack E B15 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 b5. The ® is not one of the Georgian theoretician‘s lasting contributions to opening theory. Black‘s pawn thrust makes no sense after 4.a3! It is now too late to return to a normal Caro - Kann. 4...dxe4 5.Nxe4 Nf6. 5...Bf5 6.Ng3 Bg6 7.h4 h6 8.h5 Bh7 9.Bd3 Bxd3 10.Qxd3 gives White a very good Classical Caro - Kann, since c4 will be played with added effect, thanks to the weakness of Black‘s queenside pawns. 6.Nxf6+ exf6. 6...gxf6 7.c4 a6 8.d5! puts too much pressure on the weak pawns. 7.a4! is a rare case of an effective double-step of the a-pawn early in the game. Black‘s pawn structure is about to become a mess, with lasting consequences. 7...b4 8.Bc4 Bd6 9.Qe2+ Qe7 10.Qxe7+ forward to a long and miserable endgame [UO] ® Caro Kann-Verteidigung - Gurgenidze Gegenangriff B15

Caro Kann Defense - Hillbilly Attack E B00 1.e4 c6 2.Bc4. The Hillbilly Attack does not succeed in preventing ...d5. 2...d5 3.Bb3 What White has accomplished here is getting the bishop to b3. This is not such a big deal in the Caro - Kann, where that is achieved rather easily anyway. (3.exd5 cxd5 4.Bb3 Nf6 5.Nf3 Nc6 6.0-0 Bg4) 3...dxe4 4.Qh5 This is the move that qualifies the opening as unorthodox. 4...g6 5.Qh4 Nf6 6.f3 exf3. 6...e3 7.dxe3 Bg7 8.Ne2 0-0 9.0-0 [UO] ® Caro Kann-Verteidigung - Hillbilly-Angriff B00

Caro Kann Defense - Maroczy Variation E B12 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.f3. Maroczy Variation or Fantasy Variation. White hopes that this move will lead to some fantastic flashy win, but it really is a modest an unambiguous strategy, except when played as a gambit, when it takes on more unorthodox characteristics. Capturing at e4 is normal, though there is no shortage of alternatives. Some strong players have been found on the White side, not just fans of the weird such as Savielly Tartakower, but even such quiet positional strategists as Vasily Smyslov, not known for using unorthodox openings. 3...e6 locks in the bishop at c8 which cannot be recommended for beginners. More advanced players can deal with this slight disadvantage, especially if they like the ® French Defense. The eventual advance of the c-pawn loses time, but then if White plays e5, then f4 is sure to follow and the tempo is regained. The ® Big Book of Busts contains an article on this system, concentrating on the rather boring 4.Nc3, but let‘s look a little deeper at the sideline 4.Be3 dxe4 3...e5 4.dxe5 Bc5 is a spirited line, which often continues 5.Nc3 Qb64.fxe4 e5 5.Nf3 exd4. 5...Be6 is a popular alternative. The e-pawn is safe, because if White captures with the pawn, then the queens are exchanged at d1, while if the knight blunders onto e5, ...Qh4+ is embarrassing. 6.c3 Nf6 [UO]

Caro Kann Defense - Mieses Gambit E B12 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Be3 dxe4. Another variation on the ® Blackmar - Diemer theme. 4.Nd2. 4.Nc3 Nf6 5.f3 Bf5 is good, because against such a defense the White bishop usually performs more effectively from g5. 4...Nf6 5.c3. 5.f3 exf3 6.Ngxf3 Bg4 7.c4 is an odd way to try to justify the gambit, and after 7...Nbd7 8.Be2 e6 9.0-0 Bd6 10.Ng5 Bxe2 11.Qxe2 0-0 [UO] ® Caro Kann-Verteidigung - Mieses-Gambit B12

Caro Kann Defense - Von Hennig Gambit E B15 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Bc4. This is not especially unorthodox, and, like the ® Blackmar - Diemer gambit into which it can transpose, it is included here mostly because it is perceived to be an unorthodox opening. In fact, it is a classical gambit. 4...Nf6 5.f3 exf3. 6.Nxf3 e6. 6...Bf5 is skating on thin ice. 7.Ne5 e6 8.0-0 Bxc2 9.Nxf7! ® Welling‘s novelty has brought this line back from obscurity. 9...Kxf7 [UO] ® Caro Kann-Verteidigung - Von Hennig-Gambit B15

Caro Kann E ® Caro Kann

Caro -Kann Exchange Variation B13. Q Editrice. 199 Seiten - kartoniert - Monographie Editrice 1995

Caro Kann n ® Caro Kann E

Caro Kann, Advance Variation of the E ~ ® Advance Variation of the Caro Kann 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Na6!? ® Advance-Variante / Caro Kann

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - Advance Variante f: Bayonett n B12 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Bf5 4.g4 Bd7 5.Bg2 ® Caro Kann Defense - Advance Variation: Bayonet E B12

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - De Bruycker-Verteidigung f A40 1.d4 Na6 2.e4 c6 3.Bx a6 Qa5+ ® Caro Kann Defense - De Bruycker Defense E A40

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - Edinburgh Variante f B12 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 Qb6 ® Caro Kann Defense - Edinburgh Variation E B12

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - Goldman Variante f B10 1.e4 c6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Qf3 e6 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.d4 (5.b4) A) 6...cxd2+ 7.Bxd2 gxf6 8.0-0-0 B) 6...cxb2 7.Bxf7+! Kxf7 8.fxg7+ Kxg7 9.Bxb2+ Kg8 10.Qb3+ C) 6...exf6 7.dxc3 ® Caro Kann Defense - Goldman Variation E B10

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - Gurgenidze Gegenangriff m B15 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 b5 4.a3! ® Caro Kann Defense - Gurgenidze Counterattack E B15

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - Hillbilly-Angriff m B00 1.e4 c6 2.Bc4 d5 3.Bb3 dxe4 4.Qh5 g6 5.Qh4 Nf6 6.f3 exf3 (6...e3 7.dxe3 Bg7 8.Ne2 0-0 9.0-0) ® Caro Kann Defense - Hillbilly Attack E B00

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - Maroczy Variante f B12 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.f3 e6 4.Be3; 3...e5 4.dxe5 Bc5; 4.fxe4 e5 5.Nf3 exd4 (5...Be6) ® Caro Kann Defense - Maroczy Variation E B12

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - Mieses-Gambit n B12 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Be3 dxe4 ® Caro Kann Defense - Mieses Gambit E B12

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - Ulysses-Gambit n B12 1.e4 c6 2.d4 (2.Nc3) 2...d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 4.Ng5 (!) ® Caro Kann Defense - Ulysses Gambit E B12

Caro Kann-Verteidigung f - Von Hennig-Gambit n B15 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Bc4 Nf6 5.f3 exf3 6.Nxf3 e6 7.Ne5 e6 8.0-0 Bxc2 9.Nxf7! Kxf7 ® Caro Kann Defense - Von Hennig Gambit E B15

Caro Variation, Ponziani E = C44 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 c2c3 d7d5 d1a4 c8d7 [JM] ®

Caro Variation, Ruy Lopez E = C70 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 a7a6 b5a4 b7b5 [JM] ®

Caro, Horatio born in Newcastle, England. Published analysis of the Caro-Kann in 1886. Elo: 2470. E [BW] = 1862.07.05

Caro, Horatio died in London. Published analysis of the Caro-Kann in 1886. Elo: 2470. E [BW] = 1920.12.15

Caro-Kann - advance Variation E = B12 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4e5 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - advance Variation, Short Variation E = B12 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4e5 c8f5 c2c3 e7e6 f1e2 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Alekhine gambit E = B15 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 g8f6 f1d3 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - anti-anti-Caro-Kann defence E = B10 1.e2e4 c7c6 c2c4 d7d5 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - anti-Caro-Kann defence E = B10 1.e2e4 c7c6 c2c4 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Bronstein-Larsen Variation E = B16 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 g8f6 e4f6 g7f6 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Classical Variation, Flohr Variation E = B18 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 c8f5 e4g3 f5g6 g1h3 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Classical Variation, Maroczy attack E = B18 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 c8f5 e4g3 f5g6 f2f4 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Classical Variation, Spassky Variation E = B19 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 c8f5 e4g3 f5g6 h2h4 h7h6 g1f3 b8d7 h4h5 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - closed (Breyer) Variation E = B10 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d3 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Edinburgh Variation E = B12 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1d2 d8b6 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - exchange Variation E = B13 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - exchange Variation, Rubinstein Variation E = B13 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 c6d5 f1d3 b8c6 c2c3 g8f6 c1f4 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Forgacs Variation E = B15 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 g8f6 e4f6 e7f6 f1c4 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Goldman (Spielmann) Variation E = B10 1.e2e4 c7c6 b1c3 d7d5 d1f3 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Gurgenidze counter-attack E = B15 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 b7b5 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Gurgenidze system E = B15 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g7g6 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Hillbilly attack E = B10 1.e2e4 c7c6 f1c4 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Panov-Botvinnik attack E = B13 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 c6d5 c2c4 (g8f6 b1c3) [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Panov-Botvinnik attack, 5...e6 E = B14 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 c6d5 c2c4 g8f6 b1c3 e7e6 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Panov-Botvinnik attack, 5...g6 E = B14 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 c6d5 c2c4 g8f6 b1c3 g7g6 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Panov-Botvinnik, Czerniak Variation E = B13 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 c6d5 c2c4 g8f6 b1c3 b8c6 c1g5 d8a5 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Panov-Botvinnik, Gunderam attack E = B13 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 c6d5 c2c4 g8f6 c4c5 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Panov-Botvinnik, Herzog defence E = B13 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 c6d5 c2c4 g8f6 b1c3 b8c6 c1g5 d5c4 d4d5 c6a5 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Panov-Botvinnik, normal Variation E = B13 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 c6d5 c2c4 g8f6 b1c3 b8c6 c1g5 e7e6 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Panov-Botvinnik, Reifir (Spielmann) Variation E = B13 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 e4d5 c6d5 c2c4 g8f6 b1c3 b8c6 c1g5 d8b6 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Rasa-Studier gambit E = B15 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 f2f3 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Steinitz Variation E = B17 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 b8d7 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Tartakower (fantasy) Variation E = B12 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 f2f3 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - Tartakower (Nimzovich) Variation E = B15 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 g8f6 e4f6 e7f6 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - two knights Variation E = B10 1.e2e4 c7c6 b1c3 d7d5 g1f3 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann - two knights, 3...Bg4 E = B11 1.e2e4 c7c6 b1c3 d7d5 g1f3 c8g4 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann (Advance Variation) E ® Caro-Kann (Vorstoß-Variante)

Caro-Kann (Exchange Variation) E ® Caro-Kann (Abtausch-Variante)

Caro-Kann (Flohr Variation) E ® Caro-Kann (Flohr-Variante)

Caro-Kann (Main Line) E ® Caro-Kann (Hauptvariante)

Caro-Kann (Nimzowitsch Variation) E ® Caro-Kann (Nimzowitsch-Variante)

Caro-Kann (Panov Attack) E ® Caro-Kann (Panow-Angriff)

Caro-Kann (Two-Knights‘ Variation) E ® Caro-Kann (Zweispringer-Variante)

Caro-Kann / Französisch / Pirc. Q Nesis / Kalinitschenko. 86 Seiten - kartoniert - Beyer 1991

Caro-Kann B12. Q Seirawan. 95 Seiten - kartoniert - Informator-Monographie 1993

Caro-Kann B17. Q Karpov. 160 Seiten - kartoniert - Informator-Monographie 1994

Caro-Kann bis Sizilianisch Q, Boleslawski: 1. Aufl. 1968

Caro-Kann Defence B 12 / Advance Variation. Q Tirabassi. 140 Seiten - kartoniert - Editrice 1994

Caro-Kann Defence Classical Variation B18-B19. Q. 176 Seiten - kartoniert - Editrice 1995

Caro-Kann Defence E B10-B19 ® Caro-Kann-Verteidigung

Caro-Kann Defence, Opening ®

Caro-Kann Defencen 4. Q Sf6 B15-B16. Q Curtacci. 96 Seiten - kartoniert - Editrice 1992

Caro-Kann Defense, Accelerated Panov Attack, Modern Variation = 1.e4 c6 2.c4 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.cxd5 Nf6 = B10 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Advance Variation, Botvinnik-Carls Defense = 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 = B12 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Alekhine Gambit = E 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nf6 5.Bd3 = B15 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Hector Gambit = E 1.e4 c6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 4.Ng5 = B12 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Maroczy Variation, Maroczy Gambit = E 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.f3 dxe4 4.fxe4 e5 5.Nf3 exd4 6.Bc4 = B12 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Mieses Attack, Landau Gambit = E 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Bd3 Nf6 4.e5 Nfd7 6.e6 = B12 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Mieses Gambit = E 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Be3 = B12 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Panov Attack, Fianchetto Defense, Fianchetto Gambit = E 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.c4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6 6.cxd5 Bg7 = B13 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Rasa-Studier Gambit = E 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.f3 = B15 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Ulysses Gambit = E 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 4.Ng5 = B12 [GL]

Caro-Kann Defense, Von Hennig Gambit = E 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Bc4 = B15 [GL]

Caro-Kann defensive system, Bogolyubov Variation, English E = A12 1.c2c4 c7c6 g1f3 d7d5 b2b3 c8g4 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann defensive system, English E = A11 1.c2c4 c7c6 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann defensive system, English E = A12 1.c2c4 c7c6 g1f3 d7d5 b2b3 g8f6 c1b2 [JM] ®

Caro-Kann n (Abtausch-Variante) ® Caro-Kann (Exchange Variation) E

Caro-Kann n (Flohr-Variante) ® Caro-Kann (Flohr Variation) E

Caro-Kann n (Hauptvariante) ® Caro-Kann (Main Line) E

Caro-Kann n (Nimzowitsch-Variante) ® Caro-Kann (Nimzowitsch Variation) E

Caro-Kann n (Panow-Angriff) ® Caro-Kann (Panov Attack) E

Caro-Kann n (Vorstoß-Variante) ® Caro-Kann (Advance Variation) E

Caro-Kann n (Zweispringer-Variante) ® Caro-Kann (Two-Knights‘ Variation)

Caro-Kann Smyslow System 4. Nd7. Q Gufeld / Stesko. 128 Seiten - kartoniert - Cadogan 1998

Caro-Kann Verteidigung - richtig gespielt. Q Karpow / Beljawski. 200 Seiten - kartoniert - Beyer 1997

Caro-Kann-Verteidigung f ® Caro-Kann Defence E

Caro-Kann-Verteidigung. Q Konstantinopolski / Weiz. 257 Seiten - kartoniert - Schmaus 1982

Carolina Pawn E ® Carolinabauer

Carolinabauer m Darf auf dem Endpunkt einer Linie nur in denjenigen Figurentyp umwandeln, der in der ® Partieanfangsstellung dort (in gegnerischer Farbe) steht. [K. Versmissen, 1768. Probleemblad VII-VIII 1990]® Carolina Pawn E

Carosi, Roberto ®

Carpenter, George Edward K, *25.03.1844-17.02.1924, USA

Carr Defense E B00 1.e4 h6. If; 1.h3 is not useful for White,; 1...h5 is even worse for Black, who weakens the kingside for no good reason and allows White to dominate the center. In this blindfold game Black perhaps reasoned that the edges of the board would be harder to “see”. 2.d4 a5 A time-honored strategy when playing against a blindfolded opponent is to adopt an obscure, and often bad, opening, in the hope of creating confusion. It is a bad idea, and rarely works. 3.Bd3. [UO] ® Carr-Verteidigung f B00

Carr Defense, Zilbermints Gambit = E 1.e4 h6 2.d4 e5 = B00 [GL]

Carr, Neil (1968- ) Youngest player to beat a grandmaster in a clock simultaneous exhibition. In 1978 at the age of 10 he beat a grandmaster. [CT]

Carr, Neil born in Newham, England. FM 1985. E [BW] = 1968.03.10

Carra type E ® Typ Carra

Carra, Arturo ® Candela Sanz, Rafael

Carra, Arturo K, *18.07.1882-12.11.1978, I

Carra, Typ - ® Typ Carra

Carrera (Basman) gambit, King‘s Gambit Accepted E = C33 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 e5f4 d1e2 [JM] ®

Carrera Gambit E ® Carrera-Gambit

Carrera prints a book on all aspects of chess (Gioco Degli Scacchi). E [BW] = 1617

Carrera suggests enlarging the chessboard to 10 x 8. E [BW] = 1617

Carrera suggests new piece, the champion (combines rook and knight). E [BW] = 1617

Carrera, Don, Pietro K, *12.07.1573-18.09.1647, I ®

Carrera, Pietro born in Militello, Sicily. Player and author. E [BW] = 1573.07.12

Carrera, Pietro died in Messina, Italy. Sicilian historian & antiquarian. E [BW] = 1647.09.18

Carrera-Gambit n ® Carrera Gambit E

Carrez, J. P. K

Carribbean Zone, Central American and - = Zone 7 (FIDE) E

Carroll writes THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS AND WHAT ALICE FOUND THERE. E [BW] = 1872

Carroll, Charles age 84, plays The Turk. Signed Dec of Independence. E [BW] = 1827.06.01

Carroll, Charles E The last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. At age 89 he played the Turk at Baltimore in 1827 and won (!). [CT]

Carroll, Lewis It is no accident that the chess scenes in Carroll‘s writings are well-written since Carroll was a fine chessplayer, much better than either Alice or any of his other creations. E [TR]

Carr-Verteidigung f B00 ® Carr Defense E B00

Carstens, Andreas FM GER, ELO VI 1998 = 2275

Carter, Jimmy The American president who was also a peanut farmer must be a pretty good player, because his son has had some fine achievements at the board. It is noteworthy, perhaps, that presidents belonging to the Democratic Party seem to play more chess than Republicans. E [TR]

Cartier, Georges Lt. K, *21.02.1887-5.02.1956, F, Pseudonym for Dr. Savielly ® Tartakower during World War II when he was a lieutenant in the Free French army. [CT]

Carton, Patrick, ELO IV 1997 = 2075

Cartoon, Schach- ® Schachcartoon

Carvajal, Ana born in Cuba. WIM 1978. E [BW] = 1963.03.09

Carvajal, Vicente Martinez K, *11.11.1840-29.03.1915, E

Cas Q

Casa, Alex K, *17.04.1932, F

Casablanca Q The Michael Curtiz classic, starring Humphrey Bogart, opens with a chess scene, suggested by the star. Do not confuse „Casablanca“ with „Capablanca“! E [TR]

Casacci, Bruno K, I

Casafus, Ruben FM ARG, ELO VI 1998 = 2355

Casagrande, Harald IM AUT, ELO VI 1998 = 2360, IV 1997 = 2414

Casaschi, Paolo ®

Case sensitive E ®

Casella, Michael FM USA, ELO VI 1998 = 2320

Caselli, Luigi FM ITA, ELO VI 1998 = 2315

Case-sensitive CE ® Groß / Kleinschreibung

Casillas, Graciella A „Woman of Steel“ in Playboy magazine, Casillas is another celebrity chessplayer. E [TR]

Casino di Saragossa Q ® E

Caskowiske, Ivan K, *3.03.1880-23.04.1951, USA

Casny, Günter , D, ELO VII 1998 = 2348

Casopis Ceskoslovensky Sach Q ® E

Casper, Thomas IM GER, ELO VI 1998 = 2435

Caspers, Christian, ELO IV 1997 = 2029

Cassani, Francesco K, *19.06.1904-22.06.1934, I

Cassano, Roberto ®

cassation = F Tempete 13 = Aufhebung = Veto ® cassation E

Castaldi, Vincenzo born in Marradi, Italy. IM 1950. Italian ch 1936. E [BW] = 1916.05.15

Castaldi, Vincenzo died in Firenze, Italy. Italian Ch 1936. IM 1950. Born 1916. E [BW] = 1970.01.06

Castaneda, Nelson FM USA, ELO VI 1998 = 2365

Castellanos, Carlos FM CUB, ELO VI 1998 = 2310

Castellari - Festival Castellari-50, U. B. P. Brasilien, 1963. Q B) H#2 mit Zagorujko-Thema. Preisrichter: J. B. (Joao Baptista) Santiago [Probleemblad III-IV 1963 S. 24 Ausschreibung; 2 H#2]

Castellari, Circe - ® Circe Castellari

Castellari, Umberto K, *18.11.1912-2.11.1976, I

Castellari-Form f ® Castellari-Thema

Castellari-Thema n Der Schlüsselzug fesselt einen weißen Stein A und entfesselt gleichzeitig einen anderen weißen Stein B. Die thematische schwarze Verteidigung fesselt B, entfesselt aber auch A, die mattsetzt. Man unterscheidet drei Formen:- Schor-Form: Die Fesselungen und Entfesselungen sind im Schlüssel und in den Abspielen direkt. Castellari-Form: Die Fesselungen und Entfesselungen sind im Schlüssel indirekt, in den Abspielen direkt. Mari-Form: Die Fesselungen und Entfesselungen sind im Schlüssel direkt, in den Abspielen indirekt. [GS]

CASTIGLIONE; Book of the Courtier written by Castiglione. Mentions chess. E [BW] = 1516

castle 1 E allgemein [Burg ; Schloß; build castles in the air (oder in Spain) = Luftschlösser bauen ® Turm ® rochieren

castle 2 vE (= rook). To move (the king) in castling. to move the king two squares horizontally and bring the appropriate rook to the square the king has passed over. (of the king) to be moved in this manner. [bef. 1000; ME, OE castel < L castellum CASTELLUM] [CC] To bring the king to safety by moving the king and rook simultaneously. Castling can be executed one time by each player in a game, either kingside (written as 0-0) or queenside (written as 0-0-0). Castling is performed by moving the king two squares toward the rook in question and setting the rook on f1/8 (0-0) or d1/8 (0-0-0) [SC]

Castle Chess Club Championship 2.1 -Zone 11.01.97 St. Paul. USA

Castle Chess nE ® Castling Chess E ® Rochadeschach

Castle Piece mE ® Rochadestein

castle v kingside aE ® kurz a rochieren v

castle v long E ® lang a rochieren v ® castle v queenside aE

castle v queenside aE ® castle v long E ® lang a rochieren v

Castler mE = Tl [UM] “Rochadestein”: König, der mit jedem anderen Stein der eigenen Partei “rochieren” darf, indem er zwei Schritte (auf Damenlinien) auf ihn zugeht; anschließend springt dieser Stein über den König (analog zur Rochade). Wie der normale König darf auch der Castler nicht aus einem gegen ihn gerichteten Schachgebot herausrochieren oder bei der Rochade ein vom Gegner beobachtetes Feld überschreiten. [E. Holladay & F. M. Mihalek, in Artikel von E. Holladay, Chessics 21, Frühjahr 1985, S. 57]

castler, auto - ® auto castler E

Castler, Cant - ® Cant Castler E

castler, free - ® free castler E

castler, Mixed - ® Mixed castler E

castling (Rosen Chess) E ® Rochade

castling allowed? ® Rochade zulässig?

castling attack E ® Rochadeangriff

Castling Chess E ® Rochadeschach

castling collection E (problems) ® Rochadesammlung

Castling E 1) A move in which the king and a rook move simultaneously and the only move where the king is allowed to move more than one square. It may only be carried out if neither the king nor the rook concerned have not previously moved at any time in the game and provided the king and none of the squares involved are currently under direct attack by an opposing piece. However, when castling the rook can immediately give check as a result of the move should the opposing king be on e1 or e8, as appropriate, and there are no other pieces on the e-file. Castling kingside with the White pieces takes the king from e1 to g1 while the rook from h1 moves to e1, replacing the king. Castling queenside takes the king from e1 to c1 while the rook from a1 moves to e1. Castling with the Black pieces is self-evident from the foregoing explanation. Once this move has been employed in a game the pieces involved resume their normal moving powers and castling cannot be repeated even if the pieces resume their original positions. 2) A single move involving both the king and a rook As late as 1561 castling was two moves. You had to play R-KB1 on one move and K-KN1 on the next move. The longest delayed castling is believed to be in the game Bobotsov-Ivkov, 1966 when White castled on the 46th move. [CT] 3) Permitted only if: (i) the king is not in check; (ii) neither the king nor the relevant rook has previously moved in the game; (iii) there are no pieces between the king and the rook; and (iv) none of the squares the king must move across are attacked by an enemy piece or pawn. - The modern rules we know date from convulsive changes to the rules in the 15th century. That‘s when the queen changed from a 1 square wimp to a monster, and that‘s when the king‘s “leap” was replace by castling. I have no documentation for dates and places, however, I can address one question specifically: was castling originally accomplished in one or two moves? The following fragmentary game comes from “The Oxford Encyclopaedia of Chess Games.” Specifically, observe how Black castles at move 11, using two moves, while the white king “leaps” to g1, but doesn‘t bother to finish “castling”. However, remember that the King could not cross check, even in the 1280 Spanish rules. Scovara-Boi, Madrid, 1575: 1. e4,e5; 2. Bc4,Bc5; 3. Nf3,Nc6; 4. c3,Qe7; 5. d4,exd4;6. cxd4,Qxe4+; 7. be3,bb4+; 8. Nc3,d5; 9. Bd3,Qe7; 10. h3,Nf611. Kg1,Rf8; 12. g4,Kg8; 13. Rh2,Bd6; 14. Rg2 ... In my 1777 edition of “Philidor‘s Analysis of Chess”, the rule for castling is as we know it now, but with this footnote: “The old way of castling in several countries, and which still subsists in some, was to leave to the player‘s disposal, all the interval between the King and the Rook, inclusively, to place there these two pieces.” So, at least as recently as 1777, in many places you could put the King and Rook where ever you darned well chose to. [LH] ® Rochade ® Roque F ® Enroque S ® rochieren v ®

Castling established as a single move; still regional variations. E [BW] = 1600

Castling in Try and Key E ® Rochade in Verführung und Lösung

Castling is introduced. E [BW] = 1555

Castling king-side moves the king from e1 E (e8 for Black) to g1 (g8 for Black) and the rook from h1 (h8 for Black) to f1 (f8 for Black).

castling man E ® Rochadestein

Castling nEC

castling position E ® Rochadestellung

Castling prevention E ® Rochadevermeidung

castling Queen E ® Rochadedame

Castling queen-side E moves the king from e1 (e8 for Black) to c1 (c8 for Black) and the rook from a1 (a8 for Black) to d1 (d8 for Black).

castling rule, Fischer ~ ® Fischer castling rule E

castling switchback E ® Rochaderückkehr

castling, All-in - ® All-in-castling E

CASTLING; Last time castling was 2 separate moves. E [BW] = 1561

CASTLING; Modern version of castling established in England. E [BW] = 1640

CASTLING; Modern version of castling established in France. E [BW] = 1620

castling-Platzwechsel E ® Rochade-Platzwechsel

Castro, A. K, *15.05.1918, ARG

Castro, Fidel The Cuban dictator plays chess, but not nearly as well as fellow revolutionary Che Guevara. E [TR]

Castro, Oscar H. IM COL, ELO VI 1998 = 2350

Castro-Rojas, Oscar born in Columbia. IM 1975. E [BW] = 1953.04.08

casual chess, Randomised Chess E ® zufälliges Schachspiel

Casual game E A non-tournament encounter.

Caswell, Edward Alexis K, *27.09.1844-25.06.1919, USA

Cat E = Lr [UM] Zusammengesetzte Zugwirkung: zuerst Springerzug, dann als Teil des Zuges wie ein Dabbabareiter, wobei dieser Teil des Zuges parallel zur 0:2-Komponente des Springerzuges verläuft. ® Katze

CAT mDE Hat eine zusammengesetzte Zugwirkung: Ein CAT macht zuerst einen Springerzug und kann dann als Teil des Zuges wie ein Dabbabareiter weiterziehen, wobei dieser Teil des Zuges parallel zur 0:2-Komponente des Springerzuges verläuft. pdb

Cat, Diagonaler - ® Diagonaler CAT

Catalan closed: Botvinnik Variation E = E07 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 g2g3 d7d5 f1g2 f8e7 g1f3 e8g8 e1g1 b8d7 b1c3 c7c6 d1d3 [JM] ®

Catalan closed: main line E = E09 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 g2g3 d7d5 f1g2 f8e7 g1f3 e8g8 e1g1 b8d7 d1c2 c7c6 b1d2 [JM] ®

Catalan closed: Sokolsky Variation E = E09 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 g2g3 d7d5 f1g2 f8e7 g1f3 e8g8 e1g1 b8d7 d1c2 c7c6 b1d2 b7b6 b2b3 a7a5 c1b2 c8a6 [JM] ®

Catalan closed: Spassky gambit E = E08 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 g2g3 d7d5 f1g2 f8e7 g1f3 e8g8 e1g1 b8d7 d1c2 c7c6 b2b3 b7b6 f1d1 c8b7 b1c3 b6b5 [JM] ®

Catalan closed: Zagoryansky Variation E = E08 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 g2g3 d7d5 f1g2 f8e7 g1f3 e8g8 e1g1 b8d7 d1c2 c7c6 f1d1 b7b6 a2a4 [JM] ®

Catalan E ® Katalanisch n

Catalan open: Alekhine Variation E = E03 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 g2g3 d7d5 f1g2 d5c4 d1a4 b8d7 a4c4 a7a6 c4c2 [JM] ®

Catalan Opening - Hungarian Gambit E E00 1.d4 Nf6; 2.c4 e6; 3.g3 e5. No, this isn‘t a Budapest Defense. White‘s pawn is at g3. Since that is not a good place for the pawn in the Budapest, the question is whether Black can get away with this move despite being a tempo down. Some Hungarian players and the Brazilian Van Reimsdijk seem to think so. 4.dxe5. [UO] ® Catalan-Eröffnung - Ungarisches Gambit E00

Catalan Opening E® E00-E09 ® Katalanische Eröffnung ®

Catalan Opening, Hungarian Gambit = E 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.g3 e5 = E00 [GL]

Catalan Opening, Open Defense = 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.g3 d5 4.Bg2 dxc4 5.Nf3 = E04 [GL]

Catalan Opening, Open Defense, Modern Sharp Variation = 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.g3 d5 4.Bg2 dxc4 5.Nf3 Nc6 6.Qa4 Bb4+ = E04 [GL]

Catalan System E ® Katalanisch

Catalan System in the Queen‘s Gambit, Queens Gambit / Catalan System E ® Katalanisches System des Damengambits

Catalan-Eröffnung f - Ungarisches Gambit n E00 ® Catalan Opening - Hungarian Gambit E E00

Catalina Pawn E ® Catalinabauer

Catalinabauer m ein normaler Bauer, der sich nur in solche Steine der eigenen Farbe umwandeln darf, die zur Zeit der Umwandlung auf der Umwandlungsreihe stehen. Die Umwandlung ist nicht erlaubt, wenn die übrigen Felder der Umwandlungslinie frei von Offizieren sind. Die Umwandlung in einen König ist möglich. Entsteht so ein Zweit-König, so muss vor dem Mattsetzen eines Königs der andere zuerst geschlagen werden. [Fairy Chess Review, XII/1936] ® Catalina Pawn E

Catalog of the Chess Collection Q & (38cmx28cm, 63pp, bound in a black plastic clip). Photocopies of pages 278-340 of the catalogue of the Cleveland collection, Ohio, including all the items classified under “Chess - Problems”. Undated. Stored with the oversize items. [BL]

Catalogue de mats aidés mpF CHM / CMA Q

Catalogue h# (CHM) avec 3, 4, 5 pieces pFQ

Catalogue h# (CHM) avec 6 pieces pFQ & BCPS Library, 25 Jul 96: Published books and pamphlets Page 14. [BL]

Catalonian Endgame Tourney nQ

Catalunya Individual Championship 01.11.96 Barcelona. ESP 1.1c-Zone

Catalunya, Escacs a - ® Escacs a Catalunya

catch-as-catch-can, Schach ist geistiges - ® Schach ist geistiges catch-as-catch-can ...

Cate, ten, Pieter *28.07.1902-27.06.1996 NL

Categoria Absoluta 2.3b-Zone 18.10.96 Cuenca. ECU

Categoria f Absoluta a = Turnierform f

Category 18 tourney in Moscow - won by Gelfand and Amand E [BW] = 1992.11

category E ® Kategorie ® catégorie F

Catherine de Medici of France is a keen chess player. E [BW] = 1580

CATHERINE; Prince Potemkin and Catherine the Great play chess. E [BW] = 1775

Catic, Osman K, *20.08.1941, YU

Catlak, Dunko K, *3.08.1908-30.12.1975, YU

cat-sword E fers E, Fers = Katzenschwert = Zugrichtung 24 [George Jelliss, Variant Chess, Herbst 1997, S. 109-110] ® Shogi ED ® Fers ® Katzenschwert ® Zugrichtung 24

Cattus, Nico, ELO IV 1997 = 2137

catur ® Schach

Catura-N-ga Sanskrit: Schach

Cature, E. K

cautious style of play E ® vorsichtiger Spielstil

Cauveren, Jonas Ephraim K, *17.03.1883-1943, NL

Cavabal E ® Cavabal

cavalcade FE = Tempete 47 = Kavalkade = Reiteraufzug

Cavalier Family E ® Springer-Familie

Cavalier m majeur aFDE = „Überspringer“: Es sind ® seit Partieanfangsstellung ® Nachtreiter statt Springer auf dem Brett. Bauern müssen in Dame, Turm, Läufer oder Nachtreiter umwandeln, nicht in Springer. Wir notieren „CM“ statt „S“ oder „N“. [J. Zeller] ® Überspringer

Cavalier m Rebondissant a ®

Cavallotti, Mattia born in Milan. Cavallotti Countergambit. E [BW] = 1855

Cavallotti, Mattia died in Milan. Cavallotti Countergambit. E [BW] = 1915

Cavalotti introduces the Albin Countergambit against Salvioli, Milan. E [BW] = 1881

Cavalry E (Qi2) ® Qiguo Xiangxi E 7 Warring States Chess. [LH]

Cavalry E H = Horsemen E (The -) ® Yi Zheng Retired Scholar Pei Zi-xi EQ (The -)

Cavrel, Edouard K, *1.03.1847-19.02.1938, F

Caxton (1422-1491) publishes 'the game and playe of chesse.' E [BW] = 1474

Caxton, William (1422-1491) E Publisher of the second book to be printed in English, THE GAME AND PLAYE OF THE CHESSE, in 1475. The book consisted of 72 pages, with no illustrations and printed in Bruges, Belgium. The book was dedicated to George, Duke of Clarence, oldest brother of King Edward. It is a translation of a book by Jacobus de Cessolis. An original book is worth over $100,000. The first printed book in English is THE RECUYELL OF THE HISTORYES OF TROYE, published by Caxton in 1474. [CT]

Cayman Islands pE Schach = Chess English

CAZE; M. Caze writes an unpublished manuscript on the King's Gambit. E [BW] = 1706

c-Bauer m = tabernarius m = Wirt [Jacobus de Cessolis: ”Von den Sitten der Menschen und den Pflichten der Vornehmen und Niedern”, 13. Jahrh.] ® E

CCA E = Continental Chess Association E founded by Bill Goichberg. [CT]

CCC Q = Canadian Chess Chat Q

CC-Chess E ® CC-Schach

CCHESS CED = computer software ChiChess - mit chinesischen Regeln.

CCLA E = Correspondence Chess League of America. It is the oldest postal chess organization in America and second oldest in the world. It was founded in 1909 by three correspondence players. It publishes the largest correspondence chess magazine in the world, The chess correspondent, the oldest national magazine in the US. The CCLA had the first numerical rating of players in 1940. [CT]

CC-Schach n ® CC-Chess E

CD drive E ® CD-Laufwerk C ®CD-Laufwerksbezeichnung C

CD einlegen! C® please-insert-CD EC

CD-drive-letter EC ® CD-Laufwerksbezeichnung C

CDE = Courrier des Échecs Q

CD-Laufwerk nC ® CD-drive EC ® CD-drive-letter EC

CDN = CAN = Kanada

CDSF Mastershausen Schachverein

Ceara theme E ® Ceara-Thema

Ceara-Thema n Der Schlüsselzug droht Matt durch einen weißen Bauerndoppelschritt. Schwarz verteidigt sich dagegen mit (mindestens) fünf verschiedenen Verteidigungsmotiven: - Fesselung - Schlag - Verstellung des Bauern auf der 3. Reihe - Deckung des Drohmattfeldes - Besetzung des Drohmattfeldes. ® Ceara theme E

Cebalo, Miso born in Zagreb. IM 1978; GM 1985. E [BW] = 1945.02.06

Cebalo, Miso GM CRO, ELO VI 1998 = 2535

Cecconi, Giovanni A. FM ITA, ELO VI 1998 = 2200

Cech, Pavel, ELO IV 1997 = 2332

Ceder, Sven Ture K, *28.03.1904-2.06.1989, S

Ceder-Blocks pE Schwarz blockt ein Feld. Beim Mattsetzen muss Weiß ein Fluchtfeld decken und hat dabei die Auswahl zwischen zwei Zügen. Einer dieser Möglichkeiten ist der Zug auf das von Schwarz geblockte Feld. Da es im Mattzug aber nicht von Weiß gedeckt wird, entfällt dieser alternative Mattzug. [GS] ®

Ceder-Verstellungs-Thema n In zwei Varianten verstellt Schwarz zwei verschiedene eigene Figuren, was Weiß zum Matt ausnutzen kann. In einer dritten Variante verstellt Schwarz gleichzeitig die beiden Figuren, verhindert aber die ursprünglichen Einzelmatts. Dies erlaubt Weiß eine neue Mattführung. [GS] ® E

CEDT CED Schachprogramm: Schachdatenbank-Analyse-Editor

Ceko, Jovan FM ELO VI 1998 = 2225 YUG

Cekro, Ekrem IM BEL, ELO IV 1997 = 2467, VI 1998 = 2385

Cela, Altin IM ALB, ELO VI 1998 = 2450

cell E ® Zelle

Celleschach: Schlägt ein Stein, multipliziert er sich auf zwei Steine; der eine kommt auf das Schlagfeld, der andere auf das Ausgangsfeld des Schlagzuges zu stehen. Celleschach ist ® rex inclusiv: Schlägt ein König, gelten automatisch die Regeln für ® Rex Multiplex. [Problemkiste (128) IV 2000 S. 224]

Censorship E In 1935 the US played England a 1002 board correspondence match. It was stopped in 1941 when the British Government‘s Board of Censors thought that the chess notation was some kind of code which offered too much opportunities for secret messages. At the time, there were 562 games finished. The US had won 223, lost 203, and drew 100 games. [CT]

CENSUS; USSR census shows 3,540,000 registered chess players. E [BW] = 1966

Centaur E Vikhrev, Victor; Russia World Microcomputer Chess Championship 1996 October 8th-15th, 1996 Jakarta, Indonesia ® Kentaur ® Zentaur

Centaur mEQ ® Caissas Playthings Q The Cheltenham Examiner, 1913

Centauro m T+S (Knighted chess E) = Campione I [Murray, 8279] = Chancellor E [Dawson] ® Centauro H ® Centaur E ® Kentaur ® Zentaur

Centenaris Nemzetkzi SMV Q

Center Attack E® C84

Center E Die vier Felder (d4, e4, e5, d5) im “Herzen” des Schachbrettes; die wichtigsten Felder auf dem Brett. [SC] Sometimes the term is used to encompass also the squares adjacent to these four. ® Zentrum

center E US ® centre GB

Center Game E® C22 ® Center-Spiel

Center Game, Halasz-McDonnell Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.f4 = C21 [GL]

Center Game, Lanc-Arnold Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Nf3 Bc5 4.c3 = C21 [GL]

Center Game, Lanc-Arnold Gambit, Schippler Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Nf3 Bc5 4.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4 = C21 [GL]

Center Game, Ross Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Bd3 = C21 [GL]

Center Game, Von der Lasa Gambit = E 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Bc4 = C21 [GL]

Center-Spiel n ® Center Game E

central aE ® zentral a

Central African Republic E Schach = Échecs French, Sangho Al-Satranj, Arabic Hunsa Swahili = ?

Central American and Carribbean Zone = Zone 7 E (FIDE)

Central Attack (Benoni Defence) E ® Zentraler Angriff (Benoni)

central attack E ® Zentrumsangriff

central Equihopper E ® zentraler Equihopper

Central European Zone = Zone 2 E(FIDE)

central forces pE ® Zentraltruppen p

central outposts pE ® zentraler Vorposten

central Pawn E ® Zentralbauer

central Pawn group E ® crowd of centre Pawns E ® zentrale Bauernmenge

centralization E

Centralization f Bewegung eines Steines zum Zentrum hin. [SC] Movement of a piece toward the center. The act of bringing pieces to the center where they can control the largest amount of the board. ® Zentrierung ® Zentralisation

centrally placed aE ® zentral gelegen

centre area E ® Zentralgebiet

Centre Attack (Ruy Lopez) E ® Mittelgambit (Spanische Partie)

centre attack E ® Zentrumsangriff

centre attack, Ruy Lopez closed E = C84 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 a7a6 b5a4 g8f6 e1g1 f8e7 d2d4 [JM] ®

centre controlling E ® Zentrumsbeherrschung

Centre Counter - Scandinavian defence E ® Centre Counter E ® Centre Counter Game E ® Skandinavische Verteidigung ® Skandinawische Partie

Centre Counter E® Centre Counter - Scandinavian defence E ® Centre Counter Game E ® Skandinavische Verteidigung ® Skandinawische Partie

Centre Counter Game E ® Skandinawische Partie ® Skandinawisch ® Skandinawische Verteidigung

centre E (center US) ® Zentrum ® Centre F ® Centro S

Centre Gambit E ® Mittelgambit

Centre game, Kieseritsky Variation E = C21 1.e2e4 e7e5 d2d4 e5d4 g1f3 c7c5 f1c4 b7b5 [JM] ®

Centre game: Berger Variation E = C22 1.e2e4 e7e5 d2d4 e5d4 d1d4 b8c6 d4e3 g8f6 [JM] ®

Centre game: Charousek Variation E = C22 1.e2e4 e7e5 d2d4 e5d4 d1d4 b8c6 d4e3 f8b4 c2c3 b4e7 [JM] ®

Centre game: Hall Variation E = C22 1.e2e4 e7e5 d2d4 e5d4 d1d4 b8c6 d4c4 [JM] ®

Centre game: Kupreichik Variation E = C22 1.e2e4 e7e5 d2d4 e5d4 d1d4 b8c6 d4e3 g8f6 b1c3 f8b4 c1d2 e8g8 e1c1 f8e8 f1c4 d7d6 g1h3 [JM] ®

Centre game: l‘Hermet Variation E = C22 1.e2e4 e7e5 d2d4 e5d4 d1d4 b8c6 d4e3 f7f5 [JM] ®

Centre game: Paulsen attack E = C22 1.e2e4 e7e5 d2d4 e5d4 d1d4 b8c6 d4e3 [JM] ®

centre point E of the board ® Qiguo Xiangxi E

Centre Squares pE d4, d5, e4 and e5 - the four squares in the very centre of the board. ® Zentrumsfelder p

centre-holding Variation, Giuoco Piano E = C53 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1c4 f8c5 c2c3 d8e7 d2d4 c5b6 [JM] ®

Centrifugal King E ® Roi centrifuge F ® Zentrifugal-König

Centrum, Max Euwe- ® Max Euwe-Centrum

Centuries, First chessplayer to live in three - ® First chessplayer to live in three Centuries ® Carew, Lady Jane (1797-1901) E

Centurini Memorial nQ

Centurini, Luigi Cavaliere K, *24.04.1820-10.11.1900, I

Centurio E ® Zenturio

Centurion C (erweiterter = Advanced Trainer) Saitek-Schach-Computer: Connoisseur-Reihe

Centurion m 0,2+1,2+2,2-Springer ® Arch-chess E ® Centurion E

Centurion, Extrafiguren- ® Extrafiguren-Centurion

century chess, 21st ~ ® 21st century chess E

Century, Game of the - ® Game of the Century E

Century, Match of the - ® Match of the Century E

Century, Swindle of the - ® Swindle of the Century E

Cepicky, P. K

Cerf E ®

Cerf-Locuste (45°) E ® Cerf-Locuste (45°)

Ceriani, Luigi born in Milan, Italy. Problemist. E [BW] = 1894.01.23

Ceriani, Luigi died in Milan, Italy. Problemist. E [BW] = 1969.09.08

Ceriani, Luigi, Dr. K, *23.01.1894-8.09.1969, I

Ceriani-Thema, Frolkin- ® Frolkin-Ceriani

Cerisier, Philippe FM FRA, ELO VI 1998 = 2330

Cermakova, Eugenie K, *2.06.1857-7.11.1949, CSR

Cernak, Vincent K, *15.02.1952, CSR

Cernous 60 Jubilee Tourney Q

Cernov, N. K, RM

Cerny, Milan K, *26.03.1942, CSR

Cerny, Thorsten, ELO IV 1997 = 2007

Ceron, Alfonso born in Granada. E [BW] = 1535

Cerovic, Jovan K, YU

Certic, Branimir IM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2375

Cerulik, Milan K, *25.05.1940, CSR

Cervonyj Girnik Q

CeS = Ceskoslovensky Sach Q

Cesal, Jaroslav FM CZE, ELO VI 1998 = 2275

Ceschia, Ivano FM ITA, ELO VI 1998 = 2330

Ceska skola ulohova Q & KOS, V. (21cm x 15cm, 30pp, stapled, white edge). A treatise on the Bohemian school of composition, with 69 examples; in Czech. SNZZ, Brno, 1993. Presented by J. Jelinek. [BL]

Ceske granaty 1898-1958 Q & (20cm x 15cm, 309pp, was H9). 1701 problems, mainly direct mates in three moves or more but with some two-movers, stalemates, and studies, with essays; mainly in Czech. ZK Kotva, Praha, 1975. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod.. [BL]

Ceske melodie Q & POSPISIL, J. (17cm x 12cm, 229pp). 202 direct mates, with an introductory essay by B. G. Laws and J. W. Allen; in German, the introduction repeated in English. Stein, Potsdam, 1908. [BL]

Ceske ulohy sachove Q & (18cm x 14cm, 400pp, was P10). 320 direct mates by Bohemian composers, with an introduction; in Czech, with a supplement in German. Ceskeho Spolku Sachovniho, Praha, foreword dated 1887. Formerly in the possession of C. Planck and of the British Chess Federation. Folded inside is a reproduction of a portrait of “Josef Pospisil” by Bohumil Kubista, apparently cut from an article in “The Daily Telegraph” in 1959, but there is nothing to relate it to the composer. BCPS Library Catalogue, 25 Jul 96: Published books and pamphlets Page 55. [BL]

Ceskolovenska Republika Q

Ceskoslovensky Sach = CeS Q

Ceskoslovensky Sah Q

Ceskoslovensky Sport Q

Ceskoslovensky Zzazu Telesnej Vychovy Q

Ceskova, M. K

Cesky Svet Q

Cessole in charge of the inquisition in Genoa. E [BW] = 1317

Cessole writes 'Book of the customs of men and the duties of nobles'. Chess morales. (liber de moribus) E [BW] = 1300

Cessole writes the most important of all moralities and most copied. E [BW] = 1275

Cessole, Jacopo da, (Cessolis), born in Italy. Author of the most famous of chess moralities. E [BW] = 1250

Cessole's morality in dutch published at Louvain the last version. E [BW] = 1551

Cessolis, Jacobus de Symbolik des Schachspiels im Mittelalter: Dominican monk who wrote De Moribus Hominum ed de Officiis Nobilium Super Ludo Scaccorum (On the Customs of Men and Their Noble Actions with Reference to the Game of Chess E). This is the best known of all chess moralities. The parables deal with all sorts and conditions of men, allegorically represented in their various ranks by chess pieces. [CT]®

CESSOLIS; 1st translation of the Cessolis morality into French. E [BW] = 1347

Cestmir, Bara K, *4.05.1941, CSR

Ceteras, Marius FM ROM, ELO VI 1998 = 2360

Cetkovic, Miodrag born in Vladican-Han, Yugoslavia. IM 1983. E [BW] = 1946.11.05

Cetkovic, Miodrag IM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2295

Cetkovic, Momcilo FM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2280

Ceylon / Sri Lanka = CL

CfT Q = Caissas fröhliche Tiefgarage fQ

C-Gangart f des Bauern m ® E

CGO = Kongo (Leopoldville)

Ch = check E [CC]

CH 1 = [AL] Chamäleon ® Chameleon E (S-B-R-Q-...)

CH 2 = SUI = Schweiz

CH(FF) ® Dabbaba (FF) mDE

CH(FT) ® Dabbaba (FT) mDE

CH(TF) ® Dabbaba (TF) mDE

CH(TT) ® Dabbaba (TT) mDE

ch‘e ED ® che ED

Chabanon, Jean Luc IM FRA, ELO VI 1998 = 2490

Chachaj, Tomasz FM POL, ELO VI 1998 = 2300

Chachy Czech, Slovak: Schach

Chad Schach = Échecs French, Al-Satranj Arabic, Sara Sango =?

Chadri Q

Chadwick, Stanley (1870-1943) E CCLA‘s first president and considered the „Father of CCLA“. He served as President of the CCLA from 1909 to 1917. [CT]

Chah Bulgarian, Serbo-Croatian: Schach

Chahmaty Lithuanian, Russian: Schach

Chahy Ukrainian: Schach

Chain, Unpin- E ® Entfesselungskette

Chairs and Chess E ® Fischer‘s chair E ®

Chajes, Oscar born in Brody, Russia. Elo: 2440 E [BW] = 1873.12.14

Chajes, Oscar died in New York City. Elo: 2440 E [BW] = 1928.02.28

Chakra E [Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 65-66]

Chakvetadze, Roman FM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2310

Chalandri Rating E Tournament 11.11.96 Chalandri / Athens. GRE 1.5a-Zone

Chalikow, F. K, SU

Challenge C Drucksensorgerät, Otto Simon

challenge E ® Herausforderung

challenger E ® Herausforderer

Challenger, Alfred C. K, *24.10.1870-1956, GB

Chamäleon Cobaye E Geknickter Lion; seine Zugrichtung macht über dem Sprungbock einen 180°-Knick. Von a1 aus kann -- wenn ein Sprungbock auf e5 steht -- auf die Felder d4, c3, b2 gezogen werden. Nullzüge sind nicht erlaubt ®

Chamäleon n = CH [AL] ® Chameleon (S-B-R-Q-...)

Chamäleon n = EL [AL] ® Chameleon (R-...)

Chamäleon n = HA [AL] ® Chameleon (B-...)

Chamäleon n = ON [AL] ® Chameleon (Q-...)

Chamäleon n: Es ändert nach jedem seiner Züge seine Gangart in der Reihenfolge S-L-T-D-S-... (d.h. wenn ein Chamäleon als Springer zieht, wechselt es in seinem nächsten Zug zum Läufer, danach zum Turm usw.) oder umgekehrt (D-T-L-S-D-...). Letzteres muss dann explizit angegeben werden. [W. E. Lester, Chess Amateur 1925]® Chameleon E ® Alternator

Chamäleon, Barock- ® Barockchamäleon

Chamäleon-Batterie f ® Chameleon battery E

Chamäleonbauer m Wie ® Chamäleon, aber inclusive Bauer in der Kette, also B-S-L-T-D-B ... [A. H. Kniest, Diagramme und Figuren 109, 6. II. 1965] ® CPA, CPD, Chamäleon ® Chameleon Pawn E

Chamäleoncirce n Bauer inclusiv a / absteigend a = Circé protée descendant E = CPD [J. P. Boyer] ® E

Chamäleoncirce n Bauer m inclusiv a / aufsteigend a Circé protée ascendant E = CPA [J. P. Boyer] ® E

Chamäleoncirce n Wie CIRCE, aber nach einem Schlagfall wird der geschlagene Stein, bevor er wiedergeboren wird, in der Serie S-L-T-D-S-... umgewandelt. Wird also z.B. ein weißer Turm geschlagen, so wird eine weiße Dame auf d1 wiedergeboren. ® Chameleon Circe

Chamäleonecho n Farbwechselecho, Echomatt (- patt) auf Feldern verschiedener Farbe (Kunstschach) [Duden] ® Chameleon echo E

Chamäleon-Echopatt n ® E

Chamäleons np ® Das Schicksal hat die Farbe eines Chamäleons ...

Chamäleonschach n Bauern wandeln statt in eine der vier Normalfiguren in ® Chamäleons um, auch wenn solche noch nicht in der Diagrammstellung auftauchen.

Chamberlin, William Beaver Jr., K, *7.07.1895-6.06.1974, USA

Chambers, John born in Scotland. E [BW] = 1842

Chambers, John died in Cardiff, Wales. E [BW] = 1930.06.

Chambers, John wins 8th Scottish Ch. E [BW] = 1891.07.25

chameau F = Tempete 29 = Kamel ® camel E

Chameau m de la Nuit f Sauteur F ® Kamelreiterhüpfer

Chameau m de la Nuit fF ® Kamelreiter

Chameau mF ® Kamel

Chameleon (B-...) E ® Chamäleon ® HA

Chameleon (Q-...) E ® Chamäleon ® ON

Chameleon (R-...) E ® Chamäleon

Chameleon (S-B-R-Q-...) E ® Chamäleon ® CH

Chameleon Alternator E ® Chamäleon

Chameleon battery E ® Chamäleon-Batterie

Chameleon Circe E ® Chamäleoncirce

Chameleon E ® Kameleon ® Cameleon

chameleon echo E ® Farbwechselecho

Chameleon Pawn E ® Chamäleonbauer

chameleon Variation, Sicilian E = B23 1.e2e4 c7c5 b1c3 b8c6 g1e2 [JM] ®

Chamfort, Sébastien ® Kopf

Champ Hongkong C ® E

Champ Professional CQ

Champion C Reise-Schachcomputer

Champion mDE ® Champion mF = maître mF ® Campeón S ® Meister

Champion mDE Märchenfigur =?!

Champion of the world E zu sein, bringt nunmehr Titel und Mittel. [Tartakower, Dr. S. G. Enzyklopädisches Schachwörterbuch. Nach neuesten Forschungen zusammengestellt von ~ ; ungarische Problemschachzeitung ~ 1923/1924, S. 199-202]

championat d‘échecs F ® Schachmeisterschaft

Championat d‘URSS Q

Championat du Ceit I 1.1b-Zone F 09.11.96 Toulouse. FRA

Championnat de France Q

Championship E The first official U.S. championship did not occur until 1936. It was won by Sammy Reshevsky. [CT] ® Meisterschaft

Championship Invitation, National ~ ® National Championship Invitation

Championship of Moldova League-1 1.8 -Zone 07.12.96 Kishinev. MDA

Championship, Commonwealth Open - ® Commonwealth Open Championship

Championship, European Chinese Chess- E ® European Chinese Chess Championship E ® Meisterschaft, Europäische Schach- für Chinesisches Schach

Championship, Juniors-20 - ® Juniors-20-Championship E

Championship, Men - ® Men Championship E

Championship, National - ® National Championship E

Championship, National Women‘s - ® National Women‘s Championship E

Championship, Team- ® Teamchampionship E

Championship, Women - ® Women Championship E

chance FEfD ® Aussicht ® Glück

Chance, Ausgleichs- ® Ausgleichs-Chance

Chance, Bewährungs- ® Bewährungs-Chance

Chance, Gewinn- ® Gewinnchance

Chance, Remis- ® Remis-Chance

Chancellor 1 E ® Centaur E

Chancellor 2 E L+S stehen auf der d-Linie. [J. Boyer, Nouveaux Jeux D‘Échecs Non Orthodoxes] ® E

Chancellor 3 E T+S ® Capablanca‘s 10x8-Spiel, das die Figuren T+S = chancellor E auf der h-Linie und L+S = archbishop E auf der c-Linie enthielt ®

Chancellor Centaur E ®

Chancellor Chess 1 n = 29 John Gollon, 1974: Ancient Chess Variations

Chancellor Chess 2 nE 9x9-Brett mit T+S = chancellor E auf der f-Linie; Läufer und Springer am Königsflügel tauschen die Plätze, damit die Läufer gleicher Farbe auf verschiedenfarbigen Feldern ziehen. Rochiert wird nach beiden Seiten, indem der König zwei Schritte zur Seite macht und der Turm “darüberspringt”. [B. R. Foster, ® Variant Chess 6, IV-VI/1991, S. 67] - M. Horne schlägt als PAS vor: weiß - TSLDKLCST; schwarz - TSCLKDLST. [Variant Chess 6, IV-VI/1991, S. 67; Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 33-36, 54, 93, 96, 181, 202] ® Chancellor-Schach

Chancellor of the Exchequer E British finance minister. The title came from counting out money on a chequer-board used for chess. In 1080 the Normans named their financial departments of State l‘exchequier after the chessboard, which was used as a form of abacus. [CT] Auch “Scheck” leitet sich daraus ab! [he]

Chancellor-Schach n ® Chancellor Chess E

chancelor E ® Kanzler

Chancen, Angriffs- ® Angriffschancen p

Chancen, bessere - ® bessere Chancen p

Chancen, die - stehen gleich ® die Chancen stehen gleich

Chancen, Gewinn- ® Gewinnchancen p

Chancen, Remis- ® Remischancen p

Chancen, schlechtere - ® schlechtere Chancen p

Chancen, Verteidigungs- ® Verteidigungschancen p

Chancenbeurteilung f Stellung, Abbruchstellung, Wettkampf laut Elo-Zahlen usw. ® E

chancenlos a ® E

chances are equal E ® Chancen stehen gleich

chances of attack pE ® Angriffschancen p

chances of defending pE ® Verteidigungschancen p

chances of drawing pE ® Remis-Chancen p

chances of winning pE ® Gewinnchance ® Gewinnaussichten p vgl. ® Verteidigungs-Chancen p

chances to win pE ® Gewinnaussichten ® Gewinnchance

chances to wincheck E ® Gewinnaussichten p ® Gewinnchance

Chandler - The Complete c3 Sicilian. Q 239 Seiten - kartoniert - Batsford 1996

Chandler ® Neben den Anstrengungen der Werbewirtschaft ist Schach ...

Chandler, Guy born in Weymouth, England. Founder of the British Chess Problem Society. E [BW] = 1889.08.21

Chandler, Guy died in Surrey, England. Founder of the British Chess Problem Society. E [BW] = 1980.05.28

Chandler, Guy Wills K, *21.08.1889-28.05.1980, GB

Chandler, Murray born in Wellington, New Zealand. IM 1977; GM 1983. New Zealand ch 1975-6. E [BW] = 1960.04.04

Chandler, Murray GM ENG, ELO IV 1997 = 2542, VI 1998 = 2520

Chandler, Patrick ELO IV 1997 = 2116

Chang Ghi DE

Chang, Alex and Angela ®

change of blocking E ® Blockwechsel

change of board E ® Brettwechsel

Change of defense E ® Wechsel der schwarzen Verteidigung

change of line-block E ® Sperrwechsel ® Valve

change of pin E ® Fesselungswechsel

change of plan / white to play E ® Planwechsel

Change of Strategy E ® Strategiewechsel

change of theme E ® Themawechsel

change your horses E ® changez vos cavaliers F

changed ... E ® Wechsel-

changed battery E ® Batteriewechsel

changed defences pE ® Paradenwechsel

changed mate E ® Mattwechsel

changed mate in several phases E ® Mehrphasenmattwechsel

changed mate selfmate E ® Zugwechselselbstmatt

changed pin E ® Fesselungswechsel

Changeling mE Kurioser, chamäleonähnlicher Stein, der in einem Zug eine Sequenz von Turm-, Läufer-, Springer- und Bauernzug (in beliebiger Reihenfolge) macht, wobei er sich immer, bevor er einen Zug mit Stein X macht, auf seinem aktuellen Standfeld in X verwandelt. Während einer Sequenz dürfen Könige im Schach stehen, aber nicht geschlagen werden. z.B.: B. Harley, The Problemist, 1928, #1, Kf5, Tc4, Sf6, wD-Changeling h7 - Kc6, Lc8 Bb7b5c5d5, Lösung: 1.D=Sh7, Sf8, S=Lf8, Lxc5, L=Bc5, Bxd6 e.p.+, B=Td6++, Te6#) [Brian Harley, The Problemist, 1928] ® Wechselbalg [he]

change-over of moves E ® Zugumstellung

changez vos cavaliers mpF = Tempete 30 = Tauschen Sie Ihre Pferde ® change your horses E

Changgi ED

Changing fashions Q & HUME. G. (19cm x 13cm, 208pp, was WH31). 150 problems, edited with commentary by A. C. White. Chess Amateur, 1925. Presented by J. H. Haywood. [BL]

Chaos Chess E [Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 214] ® Chaos-Schach

Chaos n ® Chaos E

Chaos-Schach n ® Chaos Chess E

Chaplin, Charlie Charlie Chaplin was a pretty good chessplayer. He was a student of the great Sammy Reshevsky. E [TR]

Chapman, C. K, *7.1935, ZA

Charakter, neudeutsch-logischer - ® neudeutsch-logischer Charakter

Charakter, ruhiger - ® ruhiger Charakter

Charakter, ruhiger - einer Stellung f ® ruhiger Charakter einer Stellung

Charakter, Spiel- ® Spielcharakter

Charest, Johanne IM CAN, ELO VI 1998 = 2110

charge FE = Tempete 65 = Sturmangriff

Charger E ® Ritter

Chari, V. K. K, IND

Chariot E Frühes chinesisches Schachspiel [Murray, History of chess, 1913] ® Streitwagen ® Schlachtwagen ® Wagen ® ch‘e ED ® che ED ® Kii D

Charitschew, Ewgenij W., 1.03.1952

Charlemagne (742-814) introduced to chess. E [BW] = 0801

Charlemagne The Emperor may or may not have played chess, but the French like to claim that he did, and that he once received a beautiful chess set from Haroun al-Rashid. E [TR]

Charles D'Orleans b. Chess player and father of Louis XII. E [BW] = 1391

Charles D'Orleans d. Chess player and father of Louis XII. E [BW] = 1465

Charles I is a chess addict, spending all his time at chess. E [BW] = 1630

Charles I was playing chess when the Scots surrendered. E [BW] = 1647

Charles the Bold (1433-77) considered the best player of his time. E [BW] = 1460

Charles the Bold died. E [BW] = 1477

Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, born. Strong chessplayer. E [BW] = 1433

Charles the Twelfth The Swedish king had a sense of self-importance that was much too large. According to Voltaire, he kept moving his king and got into trouble because of it. E [TR]

Charles V (1337-80) of France prohibits chess. E [BW] = 1375

Charles VI (1368-1422) forbids chess. E [BW] = 1392

Charles VII (1403-61), King of France, is a chess addict. E [BW] = 1430

Charles XII died. King of Sweden who played chess. E [BW] = 1718

Charles XII, King of Sweden, plays chess. E [BW] = 1709

Charles, Duke of Orleans, wins a rare chess manuscript. E [BW] = 1457.05

Charles, Ray ®

CHARLES; At Louvaine, Charles the Bold forbids cards & dice, but not chess. E [BW] = 1476

CHARLES; King Charles I of England is a keen chessplayer. E [BW] = 1640

Charlick (Englund) gambit, Queen‘s pawn E = A40 1.d2d4 e7e5 [JM] ®

Charlick, Arthur Robert Baker K, *24.06.1875-6.06.1910, AUS

Charlick, Henry K, *8.07.1845-26.07.1916, AUS

Charlick, Henry Walter K, *12.12.1870, AUS

Charlick, Henry, 1st Australian chess champion (1887), born in London. E [BW] = 1845.07.08

Charlick, Henry, 1st Australian chess champion (1887), died in Adelaide. E [BW] = 1916.07.26

Charon, Peter ELO IV 1997 = 2000

Charosh, Mannis - Consecutive unpins. Q [The Fairy Chess Review II 1946 S. 22]

Charosh, Mannis K, *9.11.1906, USA

Charosh, Miroslavv K

Charousek (Petrosian) Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D31 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8e7 [JM] ®

Charousek Variation, Centre game E = C22 1.e2e4 e7e5 d2d4 e5d4 d1d4 b8c6 d4e3 f8b4 c2c3 b4e7 [JM] ®

Charousek, Rudolf born in Prague. Elo: 2570 E [BW] = 1873.09.19

Charousek, Rudolf, Hungarian master, died of TB (age 27) in Nagyteteny, Czechoslovakia. E [BW] = 1900.04.18

Charpentier, William FM CRC, ELO VI 1998 = 2250

Charushin - Combination Cross. Q 89 Seiten - kartoniert - Pickard & Son 1998

Charybdis fDE nach dem Seeungeheuer (Meeresstrudel) in der griechischen Mythologie.

Chaschtschanskij, Johann J. K, SU

Chase, Christopher FM USA, ELO VI 1998 = 2315

Chasovnikova, Eugenia FM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2260

chäss ® chass E

chass E ® chäss

Chat Chessics Q

Chat E ®

Chatalbashev, Boris GM BUL, ELO VI 1998 = 2535

Chatard, Eugene born in France. Chatard var. E [BW] = 1850

Chatard, Eugene died in La Varenne, France. Chatard var. E [BW] = 1924.09.15

Chatjanow, R. K. K, SU

Chatrang (old Persian word for chess) developed from chaturanga. E [BW] = 0630

Chatrang was an accepted noble accomplishment. E [BW] = 0590

CHATRANG-NAMAK written; oldest of Pahlawi works E [BW] = 1323

CHATRANG-NAMAK; Short romance written in Persian, Chatrang-namak, describing chess. E [BW] = 0650

Chatranj ED

Chatschaturow, Andreij A. K, *17.03.1917, SU

Chatter CE ® Gerede

Chatto, James Thomas Chipperfield K, *30.04.1854-11.02.1907, GB

Chatty Chess nE Spiel für vier Spieler, abgeleitet von ® Tschaturanga, die je zu zweit zusammenspielen. Partner dürfen jederzeit miteinander kommunizieren. Die Partieanfangsstellung ist ähnlich der im Tschaturanga, aber es gibt nicht vier, sondern nur zwei Könige, es wird der normale Figurensatz und ein normales Schachbrett verwendet. Es gibt wie im Tschaturanga viele mögliche Partieanfangsstellungen; eine solche ist etwa folgende (das Brett ist zur Verdeutlichung durch zwei Linien in 4 quadratische Viertel mit je 4x4 Feldern zu teilen) sb2STLK/ db2BBBB/ lb6/ tb6/ 6bt/ 6bs/ BBBB2bl/ LSDT2bk. Spielziel der Partner ist es, in Zusammenarbeit den gegnerischen König mattzusetzen. Der Partner, der die Dame in seiner. führt, wird zur leichteren Beschreibung. genannt; der Partner, der den König in seiner Ausgangsstellung führt, wird Defender genannt. Das Spiel beginnt mit dem Setzen der PAS; dabei sind die Bauern immer wie oben vorgegeben. Als erster setzt der weiße Attacker seine vier Figuren, dann der schwarze Attacker usw. im Uhrzeigersinn um das Brett herum. Beide Läufer einer Partei können auf gleicher Felderfarbe stehen. Die Zugmöglichkeiten sind wie im orthodoxen Schach, Sonderregeln gibt es nur für die Bauern: Sie ziehen zwar normal geradeaus vorwärts und schlagen diagonal, können aber keinen Doppelschritt ausführen. Ferner müssen Bauern innerhalb des 4x8-Brettausschnittes bleiben, in dem sie stehen. So können etwa die Bauern des weißen Attacker nur auf den Linien a-d spielen, die Bauern des schwarzen Attacker nur auf den Reihen 5-8 (möglicher Zug also z.B. Bb8-c8). Ein wBd4 kann nicht auf e5 schlagen. Jeder der vier Spieler zieht die Bauern also aus seiner Sicht immer “geradeaus”. Es gibt keinen en passant-Schlag und keine Rochade. Bauernumwandlung findet normal statt. Der weiße Attacker eröffnet die Partie, alle weiteren Spieler sind im Uhrzeigersinn am Zug. Während der ersten vier Runden muss jeder Spieler mit seinen eigenen Steinen ziehen, außer wenn ein Schach nur anderweitig pariert werden kann. Ab der fünften Runde kann jeder Spieler jeden beliebigen Stein seiner Farbe ziehen. Partner können auch über ihre Züge beraten. [I. G. Richardson, Variant Chess 1, I-III/1990, S. 2-3]

Chaturadshi E ® Tschaturadschi ® four Kings game E

Chaturanga (Four-handed) E =2 John Gollon, 1974: Ancient Chess Variations

Chaturanga (Two-handed) E =1 John Gollon, 1974: Ancient Chess Variations

Chaturanga E The earliest chess precurser that can be clearly defined, dating back to the 7th century. The Sanskrit name means quadripartite. [CT]® Hellmut Rosenfeld 1958 & 1960 und öfter. ® Renate Syed ab 1993 ®  ® Tschaturanga n

Chaturanga mentioned in the Sanskrit, Harshacharita, by Bana. E [BW] = 0625

Chaturanga reaches Persia. E [BW] = 0600

Chaturanga, earliest chess precursor, created in the Punjab. E [BW] = 0550

Chatziioakimidis, Niko, ELO IV 1997 = 2005

Chaucer ® King of Pergamon EQ ® invention of chess E

Chaucer (1343-1400) writes about chess in his poem The Book of the Duchess. E [BW] = 1369

Chaude de Silans, Chantal born in Versailles. WIM 1950. E [BW] = 1919.03.09

Chavchavadze Memorial Q

Chaves, Joara IM BRA, ELO VI 1998 = 2045

Chaves, Jussara IM BRA, ELO VI 1998 = 2095

Chaviano, Miguel FM CUB ELO VI 1998 = 2270

che ED Frühes chinesisches Schachspiel [Murray, History of chess, 1913] ® che ED ® Kii ED ® Wagen ® Chariot E

Cheapo E Schwindel: Ein Gewinn als Ergebnis eines unnötigen Fehlers des Gegners - im allgemeinen, nachdem er eine durchschaubare Drohung übersehen hat. [SC] Slang expression for an invitation to a blunder, usually played in desperation by a player who is loosing badly = Swindle: A win as a result of an “unforced error” by your opponent - generally after he has overlooked a transparent threat. E

Cheating (1) The inventive minds that make up the chess community are also quite capable of creating novel methods of cheating. At the 1993 World Open, a player, using a pseudonym that should have drawn suspicion (a Rastafarian named John von Neumann?) and would have immediately been picked up in a better educated European environment, allegedly received his moves by a radio transmitter which was attached to his leg. The only problem was that sometimes the transmission was not understood, and so the wrong piece would be moved. E [TR]

check and Queen! E ® Schach-Gardez!

Check book in replay EC

check by Bishop E ® Läuferschach

check by King E ® Königsschach

check E An attack on the opponents king by either a piece or a pawn. When in check, a player must do one of the following: (i) move the king out of check; (ii) interpose a piece or pawn; or (iii) capture the checking piece. Although once common to utter the word check when making such a move, this practice is not only unnecessary but often frowned upon. Up until the early 20th century, it was mandatory to announce a check. Up until the late 19th century, it was mandatory to say ”check to the queen” or ”gardez” when she was attacked. At one time, if the King and other piece were simultaneously attacked by a piece, it was customary to announce the fact by saying check to both pieces. Up until the early 19th century, an unannounced check could be ignored. In 1969 in Tallinn, the Westerinen-Tal game had 38 checks in a row. [CT] ® Checkmate E ® 1) Schachgebot: direkter Angriff auf den König [SC] ® Schachgebotsstellung ® Schachstellung ® Schachposition ® Echec F ® Jaque S 2) Forderung: Schach ®

check in n moves pE ® Schach in n Zügen p

check position E ® Schachstellung

check problem E stipulation: ”check in n moves” E ® Schach-Problem

check protection E ® Schachschutz ® Schachflucht

check provocation E ® Schachprovokation

check! E ® Schach! ® Schach dem König! E ® akustischer Beiklang (ironical)

check, abgesehen von - ® abgesehen von Schach(-gebot)

check, passing - E ® Schach en passant (im Vorübergehen)

Check-Book CE ® Buch immer prüfen v

CheckCheck C Wolfgang Delmare / Digital Concepts German but completely self-explaining (mouse / buttons / icons). Full version contains complete database of four-piece-finishings. That needs 16 Mb on the hard disk.

checkerboard E A board marked off into 64 squares of two alternating colors, arranged in eight vertical and eight horizontal rows, on which checkers or is played. [CC]

checkerlike E ® schachbrettartig a

Checkers E In 1851 the world checker champion was A. Anderson. The world chess champion was A. Anderssen. Newell Banks was the only American master of checkers and chess. He could play 10 games of chess, 10 games of checkers, and a game of billiards simultaneously. The first checkers column appeared in the New York Clipper in 1856 alongside the chess column. The record for simultaneous blindfold checkers games is 28. [CT]

checking ... E ® schachgebend

checking key E ® Schachschlüssel

Checking Leaper mE Stein, der von jedem Feld aus den gegnerischen König auf dessen momentanem Standfeld angreift (im bisher einzigen Beispiel wurde er eingesetzt, bot also nicht schon vorher Schach) [Thomas R. Dawson]

checking zigzag nE ® Schwarzschächer

Checkless Chess E: The king may never be put in check, only checkmate. This means that the opponent may not put the King in check unless he can do checkmate. - and not checkmate in n moves either. [LH] ® Ohneschach

Checkless Chess en passant E ® Ohneschach en passant

Checkless Chess, Absolute ~ ® Absolute Checkless Chess E

Checkless E ® Ohne Schach(gebot)

Checklock nE Zat, Stellungen mit vorliegendem Schachgebot = Echec et Pat (= Matt!?) [G. P. Jelliss, Variant Chess 4, X-XII/1990, S. 37] ® Echec et Pat F ® lock E® deadlock E

check-maintenance E ® Schacherhaltung

checkmate E ® Schachmatt ® Matt ® Mattstellung ® Niederlage ® Mat F ® Jaque mate S ®

checkmate E mated a, -mating v interj. Also called mate an act or instance of maneuvering the opponent‘s king into a check from which it cannot escape, thus bringing the game to a victorious conclusion.the position of the pieces when a king is checkmated. A complete check; defeat: His efforts to escape met with a checkmate. to maneuver (an opponent‘s king E) into a check from which it cannot escape; mate. to check completely; defeat: Napoleon was checkmated at Waterloo. Used by a player to announce that he or she has put the opponent‘s king into inextricable check. [1300–50; ME chek mat(e) < MF escec mat < Ar shah mat < Pers: lit., the king (is) checked, nonplussed] [CC] ® schachmatt ® matt ® schôchmat

Checkmate E Schach-Gemälde von James Todd. [Chess Life Q V 1996 S. 41]

Checkmate EQ A ballet, composed by Sir Arthur Bliss and choreographed by Ninette de Valois in 1937, was performed at the Paris World Exhibition. [CT]

checkmate in ten moves pE ® faire échec et mat en dix coups E ® in zehn Zügen matt setzen

Checkmate Q

checkmate vE ® schachmatten v [M. Luther, 1521] ®, j. schachmatt - setzen v ® schachmatt machen v ® Schachtmatt machen mettre qn. échec et mat F ® ausschalten [LA] E

checkmate! E ® Schach und matt!

CHECKS; Record 38 checks in succession, Westerinen-Keres, Tallinn. E [BW] = 1969

Check-stalemate nE Ziel ist eine Mattstellung, in der es eigentlich zum Königsschlag deshalb nicht mehr kommen kann, weil die matt gesetzte Partei keinen einzigen figurengangartgemäßen Zug hat, d.h. selbst dann, wenn man das Selbstschachverbot außer Acht ließe. Auch: Echec et pat [R. J. Millour, diagrammes 42, XI-XII/1979, S. 739], später gängiger Zat [R. J. Millour, diagrammes 49, I-II/1981, S. 858-859] Millour unterscheidet hier auch zwischen relativem Patt (pat commun F; gemäß der Figurengangart wäre wenigstens ein Zug möglich, der aber aufgrund des Selbstschachverbotes illegal ist) und absolutem Patt (pat physique F; kein gemäß der Figurengangart möglicher Zug) Auch: absolutes Patt = lock, wobei er zwischen Stellungen mit vorliegendem Schachgebot (checklock = Zat F) und Stellungen ohne Schachgebot (deadlock E) unterschiedet. [G. P. Jelliss, Variant Chess 4, X-XII/1990, S. 37] Echec et Pat F

Cheer, Joseph K, *1899-1960, F

Cheftrainer m

Chekhov, Valery born in Russia. World jr ch 1975. IM 1975; GM 1984. E [BW] = 1955.11.27

Chekhov, Valery RUS, ELO V 1999 = 2546

Chekhova Kostina, Tatiana M. IM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2230

Chekhover, Vitaly born in St Petersburg. IM 1950; IJComp 1956; IMComp 1961 E [BW] = 1908.12.22

Chekhover, Vitaly died in Leningrad. IM 1950; IJComp 1956; IMComp 1961 E [BW] = 1965.02.11

Chekhover, Zaitsev Variation, Sicilian E = B53 1.e2e4 c7c5 g1f3 d7d6 d2d4 c5d4 d1d4 b8c6 f1b5 d8d7 [JM] ®

Chekurov, Vyacheslav IM BLR, ELO VI 1998 = 2375

Chellstorp, Craig born in Chicago. US Jr Ch. 1972. E [BW] = 1952.09.19

Cheltenham Examiner, The ~ ® The Cheltenham Examiner Q

Chelushkina, Irina GM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2290

Chemie Bitterfeld Schachverein

Chemnitzer Allgemeine Zeitung Q

Chemnitzer SC Aufbau ‘95 Schachverein

Chemnitzer SV 5 Schachverein

Chemnitzer Tageblatt Q

Chemnitzer Turm-Open n 1997 - Internationales Schachturnier

Chemnitzer Wochenschach Q

Chen, Yilan FM CHN, ELO VI 1998 = 2105

Chenard C (1.17) http: //www .intersrv.com/ ~ dcross/ chenard.html

Cheney mED ® Cheney-Loyd-Verstellung

Cheney, George Nelson K, *2.04.1837-21.07.1861, USA

Cheney, Richard Eugene K, *17.05.1908-30.08.1967, USA

Cheney-Loyd interference E ® Cheney-Loyd-Verstellung

Cheney-Loyd, Anti- ® Anti-Cheney-Loyd

Cheney-Loyd-Verstellung f ® Cheney-Loyd interference E

Cheng, Guanayo ®

Chepizhny, Victor born in Dnepropetrovsk, Russia. IJComp 1965; IMComp 1969; GMComp 1989. E [BW] = 1934.02.18

chequer E ® Checker S ® Schachbrettmuster

chequer-board pattern E ® Schachbrettmuster

chequerboardlike E ® schachbrettartig ® schachartig

chequered E ® schachartig ® schachförmig ® schachbrettartig

chequered lace E ® Schachbrettlitze

chequered pattern E ® Schachbrettmuster

Cherednichenko, Svetlana FM UKR, ELO VI 1998 = 2210

Cherek, Günter, D, ELO VII 1998 = 2209

Cherepkov, Alexander V. IM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2395

Cherevatenko, Roman IM UKR, ELO VI 1998 = 2410

Chernev, Irving died in San Francisco. Chess author. E [BW] = 1981.09.29

Chernev, Irving K, *29.01.1900-29.09.1981, USA

Chernev, Irving, chess author, born in Priluki, USSR. E [BW] = 1900.01.29

Cherniaev, Alexander IM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2415

Chernikov, Oleg L. IM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2405

Chernikova, Svetlana FM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2115

Chernin, Alexander born in Russia. IM 1980; GM 1985. European Jr Ch 1979-80. E [BW] = 1960.02.06

Chernin, Alexander born. GM E [BW] = 1960.03.06

Chernin, Alexander GM HUN *06.03.60 ELO > 2635, VI 1998 = 2610, V 1999 = 2580

Chernobyl E ® Tschernobyl ®  (Schach + Spendenaktionen etc.)

Chernov, Vadim IM MDA, ELO VI 1998 = 2405

Chernuschevich, Alexei FM BLR, ELO VI 1998 = 2415

Chernyshov, Konstantin IM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2485, V 1999 = 2505

Chéron - Lehr- und Handbuch der Endspiele 1 Q. Bd. I: Turm-Endspiele 1952

Cheron - Lehr- und Handbuch der Endspiele 2. Q 467 Seiten - kartoniert - Das Schacharchiv

Cheron - Lehr- und Handbuch der Endspiele 3. Q 342 Seiten - kartoniert - Das Schacharchiv

Cheron - Lehr- und Handbuch der Endspiele 4. Q 328 Seiten - kartoniert - Das Schacharchiv

Chéron Memorial nQ

Cheron, Andre born in Colombes, France. Fr ch 3 times. Authority on endgame studies. IJComp 1957; IMComp 1959. E [BW] = 1895.09.25

Cheron, Andre died in Leysin, Switzerland. Fr ch 3 times. Authority on endgame studies. IJComp 1957; IMComp 1959. E [BW] = 1980.09.12

Cheron, Andre K, *25.09.1895-12.09.1980, CH One of the great endgame analysts and study composers of all time. He played Board 1 for France in the 1927 Olympiad. He created the longest problem solution to have all checks in it, taking 69 moves. [CT]

Chéron, André, Le Joueur d‘Échecs au Pays des Merveilles Q (1982)

Chéron-70 Jubilee nQ ® E

Cherubim, Reinhard, Dr. K, *9.05.1906-19.04.1980, D

Chervoni Girnik Q

Chervoni Smena Q

Ches3 E [Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 213]

Chesepot, J. K, D [Jugendschach Bd.III]

chesh E

Cheskers E Chess & Checkers-Mix, mixture of Chess & Draughts [Golombek]

Chess & Draughts Congress Q

Chess & Draughts in Byelorussia Q

chess (radio) reporter E ® Schachfunker

Chess (The Musical) Q [TR]

Chess + damante, 100 squares for - ® 100 squares for chess + damante E ® 10x10-Schachspiele p

Chess ++ C (nur MAC) http: //hyperarchive.lcs. mit.edu/ HyperArchive.html

Chess = Schachmusical ® Musical

chess 2 nE Any of several species of brome grass, especially the cheat. Origin unknown. [American Heritage CD-ROM]

chess 2000 EC ® Schach 2000 C

chess academy 1 (in Achdorf 1814) E ® Schachakademie

Chess Academy 2 C (Schachakademie C in Silber statt in Schwarz) [Saitek-Schach-Computer: Connoisseur-Reihe Q

Chess Academy EQ ®

chess aesthetics E ® Schachästhetik

chess almanac E ® Schachalmanach

chess amateur E ® Schachamateur

Chess Amateur ends. E [BW] = 1930.06

Chess Amateur Q = CA Q

Chess Amateur, The ~ ® The Chess Amateur EQ

Chess American Q

Chess and computer Q ®

Chess and Education Workshop E ® Werkstatt (Workshop mDE) für Schach und Erziehung

chess anecdote E ® Schach-Anekdote

chess anthology E ® Schachanthologie

chess apparat E Not eager to change tournament rules. [CC]

chess archive E ® Schacharchiv

chess archivist E ® Schacharchivar

chess article E ® Schachartikel

chess as a betting game E ® Schach als Wettspiel

chess as a sport E ® Schachsport

Chess Assistant mE ® Schach-Assistent

Chess Assistant Web Site / Russia EC [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

Chess Association Congress Q

chess association E ® Schachbund

Chess Association E = BCA, British ~ ® British Chess Association E

chess association for the blind E ® Blindenschachbund

Chess Association for the Deaf E ® Taubstummen-Schachverband

Chess Association, Alberta ~ / ® Alberta Chess Association E

Chess Association, Southern - ® Southern Chess Association E

chess auction E ® Schachauktion

chess author E ® Schachautor

chess automaton E ® Schachautomat

chess badge E ® Schachplakette ® Schachabzeichen

Chess ballet on Ice E ® Schachballett auf dem Eis

chess battle E ® Schachkampf

Chess becomes accepted as a regular featue of noble life. E [BW] = 1100

chess blindness E ® Schachblindheit

Chess blossoms pQ & BEECHEY, F. F. (16cm x 12cm, 119pp, was B6). 44 two-move problems by the author and 15 of various types by others, plus advice on composing and solving, verses, etc. Privately published, Matlock Bath, 1883.. [BL]

chess book E ® Schachbuch ® Schachlehrbuch

Chess Book, Best-selling ~ ® Best-selling Chess Book E

chess books that never sold E ® Schachbücher, die nie verkauft wurden

Chess by Milan Q & VUKCEVICH, M. R. (23cm x 15cm, 154pp, white, black, and grey spine). Around 200 problems of all kinds and some games, with commentary and biographical notes. MIM, Burton, Ohio, 1981, copy 197. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod.. [BL]

Chess cabala Q & TAFFS, A. 22cm x 14cm, 128pp, dark blue spine). 264 letter and other picture problems, mostly direct mates in three moves, with commentary, plus four conventional problems. Privately published, 1981.. [BL]

Chess Cafe - Russell Hanon EQ

chess café E ® Schachcafé

chess calendar E ® Schachkalender

Chess cameos Q & (15cm x 10cm, 90pp, was F8). A treatise on the two-mover by F. B. Feast, with 145 examples. Whitehead and Miller, Leeds, 1936. Presented by the author.. [BL]

Chess cameos Q & see also BCPS Library Catalogue, 25 Jul 96: Published books and pamphlets Page 23. [BL]

Chess Captor E ®

chess card-game E ® Schachett

chess career E ® Schachkarriere

CHESS CDE Deutsches Analyse + Lernprogramm ® Schachprogramm für Windows

chess centre E ® Schachzentrum

Chess Champion Atari / Amiga C

Chess Champion CE

chess championship E ® Schachmeisterschaft

Chess Championship, European Chinese ~ E ® Europäische Schach-Meisterschaft ~ für Chinesisches Schach

Chess chatter and chaff Q & WILLIAMS, P. H. (22cm x 15cm, 200pp, green spine). A book of essays, poems, misleading advertisements, and other miscellenea, including 50 direct mates in two or three moves. Chess Amateur, 1909. Presented by W. J. Clarke.. [BL]

Chess chimes from Prague Q & MACH, Z. (17cm x 11cm, 8pp, yellow spine, was M1). Five Christmas greetings problems (one orthodox direct mate, four cylinder mates). Privately published, Prague, 1933.. [BL]

Chess chips Q & TAYLOR, J. P. (19cm x 13cm, 96pp, dark red spine). A book of miscellanea, including 64 two-move direct mates and a few puzzles. Civil Service Printing and Publishing, London, 1878. Formerly in the possession of the British Chess federation.. [BL]

Chess Choice Challenge. Q Ward / Emms. 144 Seiten - kartoniert - Batsford 1998

chess circle E ® Schachring

chess circles pE ® Schachkreise p

Chess Circuit QE PO Box 1962, London NW4 4NF Edited by Adam Raoof e-mail adam @ circuit.demon.co.uk Mag for the active tournament player.

Chess City of the year E In 1985 the Chess City of the Year was Foxboro, Massachusetts. It has no chess club. [CT]

chess Clock E The first mechanical chess clock was invented by Thomas Wilson in 1883. Prior to that, sandglasses were used. Sandglasses were first used in London in 1862. The present day push-button clock was first perfected by Veenhoff in 1900. The first electronic chess clock was manufactured in Kiev in 1964. A timing device used in tournament play, After making a move, a player depressed the button on his side of the device which stops his timer and starts that of his opponent. Beginners are often intimidated by chess clocks but one quickly adjusts to their use, without which many games could drag on for days. [Trivia; Bill Wall] ® Schachuhr

Chess Clock, Fischer ~ ® Fischer Chess Clock

chess club E ® Schachklub ® Schachverein

Chess Club Utrecht EC http://www.worldaccess.nl/ ~ quijote/scu.htm

Chess Coaching WWW Page EC ® http://www.brad. ac.uk/ ~ mdcrowth/ chess.html

chess codex E ® Schachkodex

Chess Collectors International started. E [BW] = 1984

chess column E ® Schachspalte ® Schachecke

chess column editor E ® Problemleiter

chess columnist E ® Schachspaltenleiter ® Spaltenleiter

chess composer E ® Schachkomponist

chess composition E ® Schachkomposition

Chess Composition Q

chess computer E ® Schachcomputer

chess computer magazine QE ® Magazin ® Schachcomputer

chess computer of the n-th generation E ® Schachcomputer der (n-) ten Generation

chess concept E ® Schachbegriff

chess congress E ® Schachkongreß

Chess Congress, American ~ ® American Chess Congress E

Chess Connection Pages, The ~ ® The Chess Connection Pages pEQ

chess conventions pE ® Schachkonventionen p

chess corner E ® Schachecke

chess correspondence E ® Schachkorrespondenz

Chess Correspondent Q

chess course E ® Schachkurs ® Schachkursus

chess critic E ® Schachkritiker

chess criticism E ® Schachkritik

Chess curiosities Q & KRABBE, T. (22cm x 15cm, 232pp). A light-hearted book including much problem and study material. George Allen and Unwin, London, 1985. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod.. [BL]

chess database E ® Schachdatenbank

chess days pE ® Schachtage p

chess death E ® Schachtod

chess debacle E ® Schach-Debakel

Chess detective Q & LI, D. H. (22cm x 15cm, 192pp). A treatise on Kriegspiel with 20 positions, mostly problems. Premier, Bethesda, Maryland, 1995.. [BL]

Chess Dice E John Gollon, 1974: Ancient Chess Variations Q

chess dictionary E ® Schachwörterbuch

chess die-stamp E ® Schachstempel

Chess Digest Q, Inc., P.O. Box 59029, Dallas, TX 75229. 800-462-3548; fax 214-869-9305. Massive selection of books; also boards, sets, and clocks. Limited computers and software. Large (!) catalog available. ®

chess diploma E ® Schachurkunde

chess discovery E ® Schacherfindung

chess district E ® Schachbezirk

Chess Doctor EQ (The ~) [Bruce Pandolfini]

chess E ® (playing games) E ® Schach ® Partieschach ® Tschaturanga (persisch: Schachspiel)

chess E A game played by two persons, each with 16 pieces, on a board. [1150–1200; ME < OF esches, pl. of eschec CHECK1] [CC] ® Schach nD ® Schachspiel ® Échecs F ® Ajedrez S ® Échecs pF ® jaque H ® scacco I ® xaque (port.) ® Sach (russ.)

Chess Eccentricities pE ® Schach Eccentricities pE ® Chess Eccentricities Q

Chess Eccentricities pEQ Verney, 1885

Chess ECQ Rudolf Steinkellner, Jr. http: // www.ub.uit. no/chess/

chess editor E ® Schach-Herausgeber

chess élite FE ® Schachelite

Chess Emperors - Gata Kamsky. Q 81 Seiten - kartoniert - Chess Informant 1995

Chess Emperors - Nigel Short. Q 78 Seiten - kartoniert - Chess Informant 1995

Chess Emperors - Vassily Ivanchuk. Q 87 Seiten - kartoniert - Chess Informant 1995

Chess Emperors - Vishwanatan Anand. Q 85 Seiten - kartoniert - Chess Informant 1995

Chess Emperors - Vladimir Kramnik. Q 82 Seiten - kartoniert - Chess Informant 1995

Chess Encyclopedia QE [The -]

Chess endgame studies Q & A. P. Gulyaev / A. P. Grin / (28cm x 21cm, 56pp). 88 studies with commentary. ARVES, Margraten, 1991. On loan from J. D. Beasley; for reference only.. [BL]

Chess Endings Q & (22cm x 15cm, 240pp). A didactic work by E. Freeborough, with 547 diagrams. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, London, 1891. Formerly in the possession of P. H. Williams; presented by Mrs Williams.. [BL]

Chess Endings, Essential Knowledge. Q Y. Averbakh. Concentrates on basic positions and classical endings.

chess epigrams pE ® Schach-Epigramme

chess episode E ® Schachepisode

chess epoch E ® Schachepoche

chess era E ® Schach-Ära ® Schachepoche

chess etymology E ® Schachetymologie

CHESS EUCLID published by Kling, containing over 200 problems. E [BW] = 1849

chess evening E ® Schachabend

chess event E ® Schachveranstaltung ® Schachereignis

Chess Events, Canadian ~ ® Canadian Chess Events E

chess examination E ® Schachprüfung

chess exhibition E ® Schach-Ausstellung

chess expert E ® Schachkenner ® Schachexperte

Chess Explorations - Winter. Q 343 Seiten - kartoniert - Cadogan Chess 1996

Chess Express C Reisegerät mit Stecksonsorbrett, Otto Simon

chess expression E ® Schachausdruck

chess fan E ® Schachfan

chess fanatic E ® Schachfanatiker

chess federation / chess association E ® Schachverband

Chess Federation Book Selections Q chess book lists http://www.psi.net/ uscfbrowser/

chess federation E ® Schachbund

chess federation E ® Schachföderation ® Schachbund

Chess Federation E = USCF E Formed in 1939 after the American Chess Federation merged with the National Chess Federation. George Sturgis was the first USCF President. The first publication of Chess Life Q, the official USCF magazine, appeared in September 1946. [CT]

Chess Federation of Canada E = CFC The CFC maintains ratings of all players in good standing, runs tournaments, attempts to promote chess in Canada, and sells equipment to both members and non-members. Members get a subscription to En Passant Q, a bimonthly magazine. The rating system used by the CFC is the Elo system, also used by the USCF and FIDE. Local variations make CFC ratings from 25-200 points lower than USCF ratings for players of similar ability. Check out their web site at: CFC Web ® http: // www.globalx.net/ cfc/index.html ® Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites

Chess Federation, All-Russian - ® All-Russian Chess Federation E

Chess Federation, American - ® American Chess Federation E

Chess Federation, The British ~ ® The British Chess Federation E

chess festival E ® Schachfest

Chess Festival, National University ~ ® National University Chess Festival E

Chess Festival, University ~ ® University Chess Festival E

Chess Fever E Schachfilm: UdSSR 1926, Regie: Wsewolod Pudovkin

Chess Fever Q An early film by Vsevold Pudovkin, starring no less than Capablanca! E [TR]

chess fiasco E ® Schach-Debakel

chess film E ® Schachfilm

chess flower E ® Schachblume

Chess For Juniors pE ®

Chess for kids pEQ Scholastic ChessScholastic Chess- links to various kids-related chess sitesChess-in-the-schools

Chess for the Blind E ® Blindenschach

Chess for Tigers. Q 2nd edition, by Simon Webb. ISBN 0-08-037788-2, paperback from Permagon Press General advice on varied topics, with a lesson woven into every chapter.

Chess for Tomorows Champions. Q Walker. 144 Seiten - kartoniert - Cadogan Chess 1995

chess for two E = normal chess E ® Zweischach

Chess Format E: En Español H / Spain [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites] ® E

Chess Format EC ® Schach-Format C

Chess Forum E ®

chess forum E ® Schachforum

CHESS founded by B. H. Wood in Sutton Coldfield. E [BW] = 1935

chess friend E ® Schachfreund

chess friends pE ® Schächer

chess friendship E ® Schachfreundschaft

Chess fruits Q & ROWLAND, T. B. and Rowland, Mrs F. F. (18cm x 13cm, 172pp). 120 compositions of all kinds, plus poems, games, and other miscellanea. Privately published, Clontarf, Dublin, 1884.. [BL]

Chess Fundamentals pQ

chess game E ® Schachspiel

Chess Game E (1994, Spielfilm / movie; synopsis: chess provides the dramatic focus in this Belgian film which explores the inernal conflicts of a young ches prodigy seeking the deeper implications of life and the game. The drama begins in 1828 in the luxurious country manse of a local marquise. She is deeply involved with understanding the mystical meaning of chess and hopes to hold the annual world chess championship in her home. The champion will become betrothed to her levely daughter. The match takes place between Max, the exxentric and unstable prodigy, and the British world master. Genre: Drama. Cast: Delphine Bibet as Suzanne, Pascal Crochet, Catherine Deneuve as Marquise, Antoine Goldschmidt, Hilde Heijnen as Anne-Lise, Denis Lavant as Max, Oliver Maes, Pierre Richard as Ambroise, Alexandre von Sivers, James Wilby as Lord Staunton. Credits: Pierre-Francois Limbosch (Art Director), Yves Hanchar (Director), Josiane Morand (Screenwriter) etc. [Movies CD-ROM]

chess games on enlarged boards E ® Großes Schach

chess Games pE A board game for two players, each beginning with 16 pieces of six kinds that are moved according to individual rules, with the objective of checkmating the opposing king. Middle English ches, short for Old French esches, p of eschec, check in chess. See CHECK) [American Heritage CD-ROM]

chess geeks E ®

Chess Genius C

chess genius E ® Schachgenie

chess Goddess E = Caissa E ® Schachgöttin ® Caissa

chess goods p (for sale) E ® Schachsortiment

chess greeting E ® Schachgruß

Chess Hall of Fame, U.S. ~ ® U.S. Chess Hall of Fame E

Chess harmonies Q & PULITZER, W. (15cm x 12cm, 112pp). 100 problems, mostly direct mates in two or three moves, with an introduction. Robertson and Wallace, New York, 1894. Review copy sent by the author to ”La Strategie”. [BL]

Chess Hawaii Calendar E ® Hawaii-Schachkalender

chess heavens pE ® Sterne am Schachhimmel

chess historian E ® Schachhistoriker

chess history E ® Schachgeschichte ®

chess honour E ® Schach-Ehrung

Chess Horizons Q Massachusetts Chess Association, c/o George Mirijanian, 46 Beacon St., Fitchburg, MA 01420 is published bimonthly and contains about 64 games / issue

chess hunger E ® Schachhunger

Chess idylls Q & HEATHCOTE, G. (19cm x 13cm, 299pp). 300 problems, with commentary by A. C. White. Chess Amateur, 1918.. [BL]

chess in art E ® Schachkunst

Chess in Australia Q

Chess in Disguise E

Chess in Israel Q

Chess in Judaism and Islam Q / The Game of Kings / Israel [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

Chess in Philadelphia Q

Chess in Schools: a Brazilian project / Brazil Q [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

Chess In The Schools pE®

chess index E ® SchachindexComputer Chess Programming

Chess Info and Links ® http://web.cs. ualberta.ca/ ~ mah/chess.html

Chess Informant E Sahovski Informator, P.O. Box 739, Francuska 31, 11001 Beograd, Yugoslavia (Serbia). Published in March, August, and December (semi-annually before 1991). Consists of ”good” games (judged by committee) from major tournaments; as well as interesting positions (combinations, endings) given as a quiz, and tournament crosstables. There are about 750 games / issue classified by opening (known as ECO classification). Notation is figurine algebraic; games are annotated (often by the players) with special ideographs (defined for 10 languages). The January & July FIDE rating lists are published in the following edition. Informant games are also available in ChessBase / NICBase formats. ®

Chess Informant Q chess magazine http://www1.usa1.com/ ~ chess/ index.html

chess information CE ® Schachabfrage

chess information retrieval CE ® Schachabfrage

Chess information/magazine sites QEChess Monthly

Chess Informator EQ ® Schachinformator

chess instruction E ® Schach-Unterricht

Chess is fun QE An introduction to the game of chess EChessPlanet

Chess ist my life Q Title of an autobiography by both Karpov and Korchnoi. [CT]

chess jargon E ® Schachjargon

Chess Journal Q

Chess Journal, Dubuque ~ ® Dubuque Chess Journal Q

chess journalism E ® Schach-Journalismus

chess journalist E ® Schachjournalist ® Schachjournalistin

chess journey E ® Schachreise

chess key E ® Schachschlüssel

chess lady-author E ® Schachautorin

chess lady-composer E ® Schachkomponistin

chess lady-expert E ® Schachexpertin

chess lady-official E ® Schachfunktionärin

chess language E ® Schachsprache

chess legend E ® Schachlegende

chess lexicon E ® Schachlexikon

chess library E (or: lending chess library) E ® Schachbücherei ® Schachbibliothek

Chess Library, Internet - ® Internet Chess Library E

CHESS LIFE and CHESS REVIEW merge to form CHESS LIFE AND REVIEW. E [BW] = 1969

Chess Life and Review Q

CHESS LIFE begins to use algebraic notation E [BW] = 1969

Chess Life E First appeared as the official publication of the USCF in 1946. [CT]

CHESS LIFE from newspaper to monthly magazine form. E [BW] = 1961

Chess Life magazine and / or School Mates magazine EQ

Chess Life Q chess magazine) http://www.noli.com/ uschess/uscfcl.html

chess like E ® schachähnlich a

chess limericks pE ® Schachlimericks p

Chess links by Harris EQ

chess links from around the world QE (over 550 links) ®

Chess Links Page QE ® Seite für Schachlinks pQ

Chess Links pQE ® Schachlinks pCQ

Chess Links, ICL ~ / ® ICL Chess Links pEQ

chess literature E ® Schachliteratur

chess logic E ® Schachlogik

chess lover E ® Schachliebhaber

Chess lyrics Q & (22cm x 14cm, 480pp, was WH1). 282 problems, mostly direct mates in two or three moves, with commentary and an autobiographical introduction, edited by A. C. White. Graham, New York, 1905.. [BL]

Chess M. King C

Chess Machine 1 C

Chess Machine 2 E Nickname of Capablanca. [CT]

Chess Machine Schröder EC

Chess Machine The King EC

Chess Made Easy Q Perhaps the best selling chess book, by C. J. Purdy and G. Koshnitsky. First published in 1942, by its 24th edition in 1977, it had sold 438,000 copies. [CT]

chess Maecenas E ® Schach-Mäzen

Chess Magazine E The first magazine devoted entirely to chess was Le Palamede, founded by La Bourdonnais in 1836. The oldest existing chess magazine in the world is Deutsche Schachzeitung, founded in 1846. The longest surviving English magazine, the British Chess Magazine, was started in 1881. The first U.S. chess magazine, The Chess Monthly, was published by Daniel Fiske in 1857. The first Russian magazine, Shakhmatnyi listok, was published by Tchigorin in 1876. [CT] ® Schachzeitung ® Schachzeitschrift

Chess Magazine, British ~ ® British Chess Magazine Q

Chess Magazine, Italian - ® Italian Chess Magazine Q

chess magazine, online ~ ® online chess magazine E

Chess Mail, Magazine E ®

chess manual E ® Schachleitfaden

Chess manuscript presented to Gottingen University by F. Borner. E [BW] = 1752

Chess Master ... at any Age. Q NM Wetzell. 300 pages. Easy reading. Wetzell obtained his Master title at age 50. There may be hope!

chess mathematics pE ® Schachmathematik

chess mechanism E ® Schachmechanismus

chess medicine E ® Schachmedizin

chess meeting E ® Schachtreffen ® Schachtagung

chess Members‘ book E ® Schachmitgliedsbuch

chess Memorial E ® Schachgedächtnis

Chess Mentor 1.4 Q by Aficionado, Inc. A new expanded Chess Mentor Demo, with almost all new content, is now available for download from http: // www.chess.com. Expert content developed by chess masters is presented to the user. Together with the release of Chess Mentor 1.1, five new Challenge Modules have also been released. The challenges in these new modules are written by IMs John Grefe, Jeremy Silman, Marc Leski and others. A total of approximately 12 modules now exist. ®

chess mentor E ® Schachmentor

Chess miniatures Q & BRISTOW, H. (13cm x 11cm, 36pp, stapled, grey edge, was B15). 30 problems by the author, all but one being two-movers; the word ”miniatures” appears to refer to length and not to population. Chess Amateur, Stroud, date ”1908” pencilled on cover. [BL]

chess money E (with chess designs; e.g. in Ströbeck) E ® Schachgeld

Chess Monthly published by Zukertort.. Stopped in 1896. E [BW] = 1879

Chess Monthly QE

chess motive E (on postage stamps etc.) ® Schachmotiv

chess move E ® Schachzug

Chess Moves pEQ (1986, Spielfilm / movie; synopsis: Five music videos to songs from the musical ”Chess”, including ”I know Him So Well” and ”One Night In Bangkok”. Genres: Documentary, Music. (Movies CD-ROM)

chess movie E ® Schach-Spielfilm

chess nation E ® Schachnation

chess news E ® Schachnachrichten

chess notation E ® Schachnotation

Chess notation tool kit E The Standard Algebraic Notation (SAN) Kit chess programming C source tool kit is designed to help chess software efforts by providing common routines for move notation I/O, move generation, move execution, and various useful position manipulation services. There are substantial additions to the previous version which include a standard position notation scheme along with some benchmarking tests. A main program is included which gives sample calls for the various routines. Simple I/O functions are also provided. A clever programmer needs only to add a search and an evaluation function to produce a working chessplaying program. A programmer who already has the source to a chessplaying program may improve it further by including tool kit routines as needed for standardization. The author of this package is Steven J. Edwards (mailto:sje @ mv.mv.comsje @ mv.mv.com)

chess novel E ® Schachroman

chess np (or chesses p) E One of the floorboards of a pontoon bridge; Middle English ches, tier, perhaps from Old French chasse, frame, from Latin capsa, box. [American Heritage CD-ROM] - Not a chess term!

Chess Nuts p / Great Britain EQ [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

Chess Nuts pE ® Schachnüsse p ® Schachrätsel pE

chess oddities pE ® Schachkuriosa ® Schachkuriositäten

chess of the four seasons pE ® Schach der vier Jahreszeiten p

Chess off Spring 90 Mbg. Schachverein

chess official E ® Schachfunktionär

Chess Olympiad E Tournaments organized by FIDE, now held every two years, in which teams from FIDE member countries compete. The first Chess Olympiad was held in London in 1927. The first Olympiad for women Chess players was held in 1957. ® Schacholympiade

Chess Olympiad final standings E (Yerevan, Armenia) ®

Chess Olympiads E ® Schacholympiade

Chess on CompuServe EC ® Schach auf Compuserve C

Chess on Ice E ® Schach auf dem Eis

Chess on infinity plain E ® Schach auf unendlichem Brett

chess on lines E (not squares - as in China) E ® Linienschachspiel

chess on postage stamps E ® Schachbriefmarken

Chess On The Net - E-mail Chess E ® Schach im Internet - E-mail-Schach

Chess On The Net QE Good explanation of how to play chess live on the Internet. Choice of Dutch or English versions. / Netherlands. [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

chess on wheels pE ® Schachspiel auf Rädern p

Chess online game sites QEChess mentor

Chess Opening s, Unorthodox ~ ® Unorthodox Chess Openings E

Chess Openings Lexicon. Q DeVault Kategorie. 127 Seiten - kartoniert - Chess Digest 1996

Chess Openings, Unorthodox ~ ® Unorthodox Chess Openings Q (Eric Schiller)

Chess Openings: Traps and Zaps. Q 202 Openings Designed to Instruct Players of All Levels. ISBN 0-671-65690, paperback from Fireside (Simon & Schuster). One opening (actually, one line) per page - showing an instructive shot, and a bit of analysis of the ideas. Useful as a source of 202 short lessons - but also a good book for a low-beginner to read through in search of opening ideas - there are 202 to choose from! ®

chess opponents pE ® Schachkontrahenten p

chess organization E ® Schachverband ® Schachorganisation

chess organizer E ® Schachorganisator

Chess Oscar E Awarded to the outstanding player of the year and decided by votes of the International Association of Chess Journalists. The Oscar is actually a statuette of a woman under an umbrella. [CT] ® Schachoskar

Chess Page E ®

Chess page, Yahoo - ® Yahoo Chess page EQ

chess paintings pE ® Schachmalerei ® Schachgemälde

CHESS PALLADIUM, an American chess monthly, come out. E [BW] = 1846

Chess Partner CE ® Schach-Partner C

chess patent E ® Schachpatent

Chess Patience E Nicht so sehr ein einzelnes Spiel als vielmehr ein Spielsystem. Es wird normales Schach gespielt, nur gibt es Sonderregeln zur Bestimmung der zu spielenden Züge ® parallel time-stream chess, s.u.. Es gibt zwei Arten von Spielen: Inflexible (die die Züge eindeutig festlegen; der Spieler spielt dann die Züge nur durch, um das Resultat zu sehen) und flexible (die ein gewisses Maß an Zugwahlfreiheit erlauben). Eine Möglichkeit ist, dass die zu ziehende Figur auf der Basis des letzten gegnerischen Zuges ausgewählt wird, das Zielfeld des Zuges auf der Basis der Gesamtstellung; dabei sind eventuell Regeln für die Behandlung von Mehrdeutigkeiten festzulegen. (C. M. B. Tylor, Variant Chess 1, I-III/1990, S. 5] ® antipodean chess patience

chess patience, antipodean ~ ® antipodean chess patience E

chess phenomenon E ® Schachphänomen

chess philately E ® Schachphilatelie

chess philosophy E ® Schachphilosophie

chess picture puzzles pE ® Schachbilderrätsel p

chess pie E 1) Southern Cookery; a dessert of cornmeal, sugar, butter, egg yolks, milk, and flavorings baked in a pastry shell. 2) Funeral Pie E beim Leichenschmaus mit vielen Nüssen und großen, schwarzen Rosinen (Trauer!) eine beliebte Kuchensorte in USA (1930–35; appar. for chest pie; chest perh. alluding to its depth) [CC]

chess piece E ® Schachfigur

CHESS PIECE; Earliest known chess piece dates to this period. E [BW] = 0790

Chess pieces are given Persian names. E [BW] = 0920

Chess Planet E Internet-Adresse ® Schach-Planet

Chess Player Annual Q

chess player E ® Schachspieler ® Schachspielerin ® Schachzieher [Martin Luther] ® Schacher ® Schachgesell ® joueur F

CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE becomes a shilling monthly magazine. E [BW] = 1843

CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE chess magazine ceases publication. E [BW] = 1862.08

CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE ends because of financial loss. E [BW] = 1856

CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE is 1st successful chess magazine in the English language. E [BW] = 1840

CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE published. E [BW] = 1851

CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE reappears by Kolisch, Zytogorski, Kling. E [BW] = 1859

CHESS PLAYER'S COMPANION by Staunton published in 1849. E [BW] = 1849

CHESS PLAYER'S HANDBOOK by Staunton published in Bohn's Scientific Library series. E [BW] = 1847.07

Chess Players pEQ (1978, Spielfilm / movie; genres: Drama. Flags: Questionable Family Film. Cast: Sir Richard Attenborough as Gen. Outram, Shaban Azmi as Mirza‘s Wife, Saeed Jaffrey as Mir Roshan Ali, Amjad Khan, Sanjeev Kumar as Mirza Saljad Ali. Credits: Satyajit Ray (Director), Siresh Jinda (Producer), Satyajit Ray (Screenwriter)) [Movies CD-ROM]

Chess Players Quirer Q

Chess Players, Death of ~ ® Death of Chess Players pE

chess poem E ® Schachgedicht

chess poetry E ® Schachdichtung

chess position E ® Schachstellung

chess poster E ® Schachplakat

chess practioner E ® Schachpraktiker

chess praxis E ® Schachpraxis

chess primer E ® Schachlehrbuch

Chess Primer Q - Jon Edwards

chess primer‘s Variation E ® Lehrbuchvariante

chess principles pE ® Schachprinzipien p

chess printing materials pE ® Schachdrucksachen p

chess problem E ® Schachaufgabe ® Schachproblem

chess problem E ® Schachproblem

Chess problem gems by eight eminent American composers Q & HOWARD, K. S. (21cm x 14cm, 102pp). 160 problems of various kinds by Cook, Loyd, Carpenter, Meredith, Shinkman, Densmore, Bettmann, Wurzburg, with commentary. Dover, New York, 1972. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod.. [BL]

Chess Problem Q

chess problem virtuoso E ® Problemschachvirtuose

Chess Problem, The ~ ® The Chess Problem Q ® ChP Q

Chess Problems & 1873 (Theophilus A. Thompson)

Chess problems 1984-1993 Q & GRIN, A. P. (A. P. Gulyaev). (21cm x 30cm, 31 leaves, stapled, no cover). 100 problems classified by theme, with an introduction in English. Privately published, Moscow, 1994.. [BL]

Chess problems and how to solve them Q & (18cm x 12cm, 152pp, dark blue spine with writing now barely legible). A treatise on problems of all kinds, with 194 examples. Whitehead and Miller, Leeds, 1923. Presented by F. B. Feast.. [BL]

chess problems by William Meredith, 100 ~ ® 100 chess problems by William Meredith Q

Chess problems EQ – http: // www.crystaldata.com/ scripts/chess _problems Choose from a variety of problems.

Chess problems for solving Q & (21cm x 15cm, stapled, 32pp, blue edge). A collection of 108 two-movers composed for a quick-solving knockout competition held at the BCPS weekend meeting at Paisley, 1995, with commentary. Waterthorpe, Sheffield, 1995.. [BL]

Chess problems made easy Q & TAVERNER, T. (21cm x 14cm, 92pp, grey spine, was T1). A treatise including 250 problems, mostly direct mates in two or three moves. Daily News, London, undated. Loaned by W. J. Clarke.. [BL] ® Schachprobleme leicht gemacht D

Chess problems of G. H. Goethart Q & (21cm x 15cm, 35pp, stapled, white edge). 24 direct mates, with commentary. Privately published, Wassenaar, 1962. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod. BCPS Library Catalogue, 25 Jul 96: Published books and pamphlets Page 50. [BL]

Chess problems of the same kind Q & GARAI, T. (21cm x 17cm, 84pp, off-white edge). 200 three-move helpmates, with a few anecdotes and cartoons. Privately published, Van Nuys, California, 1994.. [BL]

Chess problems Q & (19cm x 13cm, 202pp). 147 problems by C. M. Baxter and 27 by C. R. Baxter, edited by the latter. Winter, Duncan, Dundee, 1883. Formerly in the possession of H. J. Thoms.. [BL]

Chess problems Q & (21cm x 13cm, 28pp, thread binding, green edge). Manuscript copy of 80 problems. Publisher recorded only as ”Rockdale, Iowa, 1886”.. [BL]

Chess problems Q & BLACKBURNE, S. S. (19cm x 12cm, 169pp, ”Terms and themes of chess problems” on title page, red spine, was B9). 322 problems, with commentary. Routledge, London, undated. Formerly in the library of Manchester Grammar School and in the possession of T. M. Stott.. [BL]

Chess problems Q & C. W. of Sunbury. (16cm x 13cm, 148pp, ”Chess problems” on spine). 112 problems by the author, with a short introduction. Morgan, London, 1886. Purchased out of a donation by A. Spuris.. [BL]

Chess problems Q & CORDINGLEY, E. G. R. (16cm x 10cm, 96pp, stapled, reddish brown edge). 122 puzzles ”for the novice and the student player”, mainly elementary in nature but including some fully-fledged problems. Universal, London, foreword dated 1945. Bequeathed by D. Nixon.. [BL]

Chess problems Q & RAYNER, J. (19cm x 13cm, 100pp, ochre spine). A general treatise, with 108 examples. Swan Sonnenschein, London, 1890. Formerly in the possession of E. M. Feast; presented by F. B. Feast.. [BL]

chess problems, 120 ~ ® 120 chess problems Q

chess problems, 121 - ® 121 chess problems Q

chess problems, 200 classic ~ ® 200 classic chess problems Q

Chess problems: introduction to an art Q & LIPTON, M. with Matthews, R. C. O. and Rice, J. M. (22cm x 15cm, 295pp). A treatise on problems of all kinds, with 364 examples. Faber & Faber, London, 1963. Formerly in the possession of E. E. Zepler.. [BL]

Chess problems: tasks and records Q & MORSE, C. J. (23cm x 16cm, 381pp). An authoritative survey of task and record achievements, mainly in the two-mover but with some longer problems, helpmates, selfmates, and seriesmovers, with 837 examples. Faber, London, 1995. [BL]

chess prodigy E ® Schach-Wunderkind

chess professional E ® Schachprofi

chess program E ® Schachprogramm

chess programme EC ® chess program EC ® Schachprogramm

chess prohibition E ® Schachverbot

chess prostitution E = Lightning chess for money ® Schachprostitution

chess psychology E ® Schachpsychologie

chess publication E ® Schachveröffentlichung

chess publicity E ® Schachwerbung

chess publisher E ® Schachverleger

chess publishing house E ® Schachverlag

Chess Puzzles pE® Q Schachrätsel p, Schachpuzzle p

Chess Q

chess Queen E ® Schachdame

chess reactions pE erste Form; ® destructive chess = zweite Form, additive chess = dritte Form, coexistence chess = vierte Form) Beschreibt verschiedene mögliche Reaktionen, die dann eintreten, wenn ein Stein ein Feld betritt, auf dem bereits ein anderer Stein steht. Der Normalfall - Schlagfall bei ungleichfarbigen Steinen bzw. Betretensverbot bei gleichfarbigen Steinen - der Konsequenz dessen, wenn ein Stein versucht, ein besetztes Feld zu betreten, fällt also nicht unter chess reactions. [C. M. B. Tylor]

chess reactions, dritte Form von ~ ® dritte Form f von chess reactions

chess reactions, erste Form von ~ ® erste Form f von chess reactions

chess reactions, vierte Form von ~ ® vierte Form f von chess reactions

chess reactions, zweite Form von ~ ® zweite Form f von chess reactions

chess realism E ® Schachrealismus

Chess Record Q

chess reporting E ® Schachreportage

chess research E ® Schachforschung

chess researcher E ® Schachforscher

Chess resource sites Ep ®

CHESS REVIEW price: 30 cents; yearly subscription $3. E [BW] = 1942

Chess Review Q

Chess Review, Fairy ~ ® Fairy Chess Review Q

chess revolution [Nimzowitsch] E ® Schachrevolution

chess riddle E ® Schachrätsel

chess rival E ® Schachrivale

Chess Roulette in Monte Carlo. Q Kohlmeyer / Nunn. 128 Seiten - gebunden - DIN A4 - Bock & Kübler 1997

Chess sayings E ® Schachaphorismen p

chess scene E ® Schachszene

Chess Scheveningen Mat Championship 1.8 -Zone 28.02.97 Brest. BLR

chess second-hand bookshop E ® Schach-Antiquariat

chess section E ® Schachabteilung

chess server CE ® Schachserver C

Chess Server, Internet ~ ® Internet Chess Server E

chess set collection E ® Schachspiele-Sammlung

chess set E ® Schachspiel ® Jeu d‘Échecs F ® Juego de ajedrez S ® Schachspielmaterial ® Spielmaterial ® Schachgarnitur

chess set, Staunton - ® Staunton chess set E

chess sets pE In 1971 a chess set landed an antiques dealer, Trevor Stowe, in court in London for indecent exhibition while on display in the window. Each of the 32 pieces showed couples in sexual positions. The dealer had to pay $132 in fines and court costs. [CT]

chess short story E ® Schachnovelle f ® Kurzgeschichte f mit Schachmotiv n

chess sites pE ® Internet-Seiten mit Schach

Chess Skill in Man and Machine Q; Editor Peter Frey. Springer-Verlag. 1983.

Chess software & supplies CEQ / TASC. Free demos. / Netherlands [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

Chess souvenirs pQ & WINTER-WOOD, E. J. (16cm x 13cm, 136pp). 104 problems, mostly direct mates in two moves, plus a chess poem. Morgan, London, 1886. Formerly in the possession of T. Letchford. BCPS Library Catalogue, 25 Jul 96: Published books and pamphlets Page 75. [BL]

chess space 1 E ® Schachraum ® Raum

Chess Space 2 QE a comprehensive index of chess Web sitesInteresting chess sites Interesting chess sites on the netChesslinks Worldwide -Chesslinks Worldwide ® http: // www.chess-space.com/

chess specific aE ® schachspezifisch a

chess sponsor E ® Schachmäzen

chess sport E ® Schachsport

chess stakes pE ® Schachwetten p

Chess Stamps pE ® Schachbriefmarken p

Chess stars Q & (24cm x 15cm, 90pp, „Inverse problems“ on spine, was M11a). 139 selfmates by the author and others. Privately published, Norwich, 1888 (second edition).. [BL]

chess stories pE ® Schachgeschichten p

CHESS STRATEGY by Loyd published. Contains 500 of his problems. E [BW] = 1878

Chess strategy Q & LOYD, S. (23cm x 16cm, 270pp, spine damaged, was L10). A treatise on problems of all kinds, with 535 examples. Privately published, Elizabeth, New Jersey, 1878. Formerly in the possession of L. C. Thuillier.. [BL]

Chess studies and endgames Q & HORWITZ, B. and Kling. J. (19cm x 14cm, 376pp). 427 endgame studies divided somewhat arbitrarily into ”elementary” and ”advanced” and further classified by material. Olms, Zurich, 1986, reprinting the original Bell, London edition of 1889.. [BL]

CHESS STUDIES AND ENDGAMES, by Horwitz, published. 427 positions. E [BW] = 1884

chess studies pE ® Schachstudium

Chess studies Q & TROITZKY, A. A. (22cm x 15cm, 264pp, was T9). 360 endgame studies with commentary, plus a theoretical analysis of the endgame ”two knights against pawn”; translated from the Russian by A. D. Pritzson. Whitehead and Miller, Leeds, 1937.. [BL]

CHESS STUDIES, (208 studies) by Kling and Horwitz published. E [BW] = 1851

chess study E ® Schachstudie

chess subscription book E ® Schach-Beitragsheft

chess superlatives pE ® Schachsuperlative p

Chess Super-Talent - Vishy Anand. Q Norwood. 143 Seiten - kartoniert - Batsford 1995

chess supplies E ® Schachbedarf

chess supremo E ® supremo E

chess symbolism E ® Schachsymbolik

Chess System, Millennium ~ ® Millennium Chess System CQ

chess table E ® Schachtisch

Chess Tactics For Students Q by John A. Bain, ISBN 0-9639614-0-3,available from John Bain, P.O. Box 398, Philomath, OR 97370 or bainj @ peak.org. Introduction to tactics. Clear, large format book with excellent typeface. Step by step explanation of problem solving. ”fill in the blank” response area in text. Start with problem, use hints if necessary, then check answers. Good for young and beginning players who need practise in tactics. ® http: // www.peak.org/ ~ bainj/index.html home page

chess tactics pE ® Schachtaktik

chess talent E ® Schachbegabung

Chess Tattoo E

Chess tattoo extra Q & (21cm x 15cm, 112pp, lilac spine, was C14c). Around 200 further problems of all kinds. Caissa, Copenhagen, 1979. [BL]

Chess tattoo finale Q & (21cm x 15cm, 160pp, green spine, was C14a). Around 400 further problems, mainly two-movers but with some other types, with additional frolics. Caissa, Copenhagen, 1977. [BL]

Chess tattoo in 2 Q & CYRANO. (21cm x 15cm, 144pp, red spine, was C14). 400 two-movers and a few frolics, with an introductory essay. Caissa, Copenhagen, 1976. [BL]

Chess tattoo resumed Q & (21cm x 15cm, 256pp, blue spine, was C14b). Almost 800 further problems, mainly three-movers and more-movers. Caissa, Copenhagen, 1978. [BL]

chess teacher E ® Schachlehrer

chess team E ® Schachmannschaft

chess test E ® Schach-Test

chess theorist E ® Schachtheoretiker

CHESS THEORY AND PRACTICE published by Wormald (and Staunton). E [BW] = 1876

chess theory E ® Schachtheorie

chess therapy E ® Schachtherapie

chess thesis E ® Schachdissertation

Chess Tiger C Autor: Chistophe Theron ® IPCC-Turnier

chess title E ® Schachtitel

chess tour E ® Schachtournee

chess tourism E ® Schachtourismus

chess tournament E ® Schachturnier

chess tourney E (problem chess) E ® Schachturnier

chess trainer E ® Schachtrainer

chess training E ® Schachtraining

Chess Treasure QE Analysis by Danny Mozes

Chess Treasure site QE devoted to analysis of chess games. E / Israel. [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

chess trivia site QE ®

chess trophy E ® Schachtrophäe

Chess Trust, U.S. - ® U.S. Chess Trust E

Chess Ultimates Q

Chess Variant E Pritchard, David, 1994. Chess Variant Q = „any game that is related to, derived from or inspired by chess“. ®

Chess Variants - List of Books and Periodicals Q chess book lists http://www.cs.ruu.nl/ ~ hansb/d. chessvar/books.html

Chess Variants, Books on ~ ® Books on A Chess Variants Q List of books and periodicals containing information on chess variants http://www.cs.ruu.nl/ ~ hansb/ d.chessvar/

Chess Variants, Encyclopedia of ~ ® Encyclopedia of Chess Variants EQ

chess variation E You set up the chessboard as in normal chess. White does one of the following two things: 1) Swap all the rooks and knights. (Replacing all the black rooks with black knights, and all the white rooks with white knights, and replacing the knights with the rooks) 2) Swap all the rooks and bishops. Black now has the option to do one of the following: 1) Swap all the rooks and bishops 2) Swap all the bishops and knights This results in one of the following three opening set-ups:(w:2, b:1) (w:1, b:1) (w:1, b:2) (w:2, b:2)r n b q k b n r n b r q k r b n b r n q k n r b p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p~ -P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P R N B Q K B N R N B R Q K R B N B R N Q K N R B O K, so the set-up on the left is regular old chess. There, is however, now the matter of determining the move of the queen. The move is determined as follows: first, white selects a piece (choosing from the rook, knight, or bishop) that the queen will have the move of. Next, black selects a piece (again, the choices are rook, knight, and bishop) that the queen will have the move of, with the restriction that the piece may not be the same piece that white just selected. The queen will have the combined moves of both of these pieces. This results in three possible ”queens”: 1) our queen, rook + bishop, 2) rook + knight, 3) bishop + knight. There is also a restriction that this may not be ordinary chess. That is, if the board opening is the same as normal chess, then the queen selected must be different from our queen. Black must not select that the queen has the move of the bishop if white selects it has the move of the rook, and vice versa. In response to earlier posts asking about the history of en-passant E , and castling E , I did some homework on the old rules, and here is a summary of what I found. My source is primarily H. J. R. Murray‘s monolithic ”History of Chess Q. First, a general observation: remember that chess was originally a gambling game, where dice were used to determine what piece was tobe moved, and players played for money. Of course, we still do, but somewhere along the line, fairly early on, the dice were ditched. I suspect that the dice persisted in some places through the mediaeval period. [LH] ® Schach-Variante

Chess Variations / Ancient Variations E John Gollon 1974 1 = Chaturanga (Two-handeld) 2 = Chaturanga (Four-handeld) 3 = Shatranj 4 = Oblong Chess 5 = Round Chess 6 = Shatranj Kamil (Variation I) 7 = Shatranj Kamil, (Variation II) 8 = Shatranj Al-Husun 9 = Timur‘s Chess 10 = Shatranj Al-Kabir 11 = Grande Acedrex 12 = Acedrex de Los Quatros Tiempos 13 = Courier Chess 14 = Turkish Great Chess (Variation I) 15 = Turkish Great Chess (Variation II) 16 = Turkish Great Chess (Variation III) 17 = Turkish Great Chess (Variation IV) 18 = Shatranj Diwana Shah Regional Variations 19 = Chinese Chess 20 = San-Kwo-Chi 21 = Korean Chess 22 = Japanese Chess 23 = Intermediate Japanese Chess 24 = Malay Chess 25 = Burmese Chess 26 = Thai Chess Modern Variations 27 = Double Chess 28 = Martian Chess 29 = Chancellor Chess 30 = Capablanca‘s Chess 31 = Kriegspiel 32 = Nieuchess 33 = Three Dimensional Chess A = Reversed Minor Pieces B = Pockes Knight Chess C = Battle Chess D = Giveaway Chess I E = Giveaway Chess II F = Dice Chess G = Little Chess H = The Peasant‘s Revolt I = Mawdhouse Chess J = Fairy Chess (spezielle Sorte!) K = The Knighted Queen L = Faery Chess) John Gollon, 1974 ® Ancient Variations p

Chess Variations: Ancient, Regional, and Modern. Q & John Gollon. (Wiederauflage: 1974). An older book, with more on historic variants. Recommended. ISBN 0-8048-1122-9.

Chess veterans E ® Schach-Senioren p

chess village of Ströbeck E ® Schachdorf Ströbeck

chess virtuoso E ® Schachvirtuose

Chess Voyager C Reisegerät mit Stecksensorbrett

Chess Wars E ®

chess week E ® Schachwoche

Chess Week in Review Q - Mark Crowthers Web Page - http: // www.brad. ac.uk/ ~ mdcrowth/ chess.html

Chess Weekly Q

Chess whimsicalities Q & EXPERTUS. (21cm x 14cm, 67pp, purple spine, somewhat fragmentary, was E4). A collection of miscellanea, with some problems. Chess Amateur, 1916. Presented by Mrs P. H. Williams.. [BL]

chess widow E ® Schachwitwe

chess winner E [Jean Paul] ® Schachsieger

chess with special conditions E ® Bedingungsschach

Chess Wizardy: The New ABC of Chess Problems. Q Rice. 352 Seiten - kartoniert - Batsford 1996

chess world E ® Schachwelt

Chess World Magazine Q ®

Chess World QE Australia‘s first fulltime chess home page, a superior effort / Australia [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

chess wunderkind E ® Schach-Wunderkind

chess yearbook E ® Schach-Jahrbuch

chess youth E ®Schachjugend

Chess Zigzags pE ® Schachzickzack

Chess, 1-Move Kidnapping - ® 1-Move Kidnapping Chess E

chess, 21st century - ® 21st Century Chess E

Chess, Absolute Checkless - ® Absolute Checkless Chess E

Chess, Active - ® Active Chess E

Chess, additive - ® additive Chess E

Chess, Advanced ® Advanced Chess E

Chess, All mate - ® All mate Chess E

Chess, An-nan - ® An-nan Chess E

Chess, Arch - ® Arch Chess ® 10x10-Schachspiele pD

Chess, Auto Type Symbolic - ® Auto Type Symbolic Chess E

Chess, Auto-capture - ® Auto-Capture Chess E

Chess, Auto-coexistence - ® Auto-Coexistence Chess E

Chess, Barrier - ® Barrier Chess E

Chess, Battle - (C) ® Battle Chess - (C) E

Chess, Bee Brain Super- E ® Bee Brain Super Chess E

Chess, Bem - ® Bem Chess E = Bug-Eyed-Monster-Chess E

Chess, Berkeleian- ® Berkeleian-Chess E

Chess, Blindfold - ® Blindfold Chess E

Chess, Bouncy - ® Bouncy Chess E

Chess, Cannibal - ® Cannibal Chess E

Chess, Capablanca‘s Decimal - ® Capablanca‘s decimal Chess E

Chess, Capitalist - ® Capitalist Chess E

Chess, Chancellor - ® Chancellor Chess E

Chess, Chatty - ® Chatty Chess

chess, cheat, Bromus secalinus Q Weedy annual native to Europe but widely distributed as a weed especially in wheat E

Chess, Chess & Bridge E Ltd., 369 Euston Road, London, England NW1 3AR.

Chess, Chimaeric - ® Chimaeric Chess E

Chess, Coexistence - ® Coexistence Chess E

Chess, Compromise - ® Compromise Chess E

Chess, Conflict- E ® Conflict Schach

Chess, Conflict E- ®Conflict Chess E

Chess, Coordinate - ® Coordinate Chess E

Chess, Correspondence - Correspondence Correspondence Chess E

Chess, Criss-cross- ® Criss-cross Chess E

Chess, Cubic - ® Cubic Chess E

Chess, Deccan Decimal - ® Deccan Decimal Chess ® 10x10-Schach-spiele p

Chess, Destructive - ® Destructive Chess E

Chess, DG- ® Dgchess C

Chess, Displaced Grid - ® Displaced Grid Chess E

Chess, Double Power - ® Double Power Chess E

Chess, Drive- ® Drive Chess E

Chess, Edge - ® Edge Chess E

Chess, Elban - ® Elban Chess E

Chess, Empire - ® Empire Chess E

Chess, Equidistant - ® Equidistant Chess E

Chess, Faery - (L) ® Faery Chess (L)

Chess, Fairy - (J) ® Fairy Chess (J)

Chess, Flying - ® Flying Chess E

Chess, Four-Handed- E ® Four-Handed Chess E

Chess, Free Type Symbolic - ® Free Type Symbolic Chess E

Chess, Free-Coexistence - ® Free-Coexistence chess E

Chess, Gay - ® Gay Chess E

Chess, Giveaway I -, D ® Giveaway I Chess, D, E

Chess, Giveaway II -, (E) ® Giveaway II Chess (E) E

Chess, Gravitational- E ® Gravitational Chess E

Chess, Griddle - ® Griddle chess E

chess, he- ® he-chess nDEQ Schachbuch-Serie von Hilmar Ebert ® four men only EDQ ® www.he-chess.de

Chess, Internet - ® Internet Chess E

Chess, Italian Progressive- E ® Italian Progressive Chess E

Chess, Knighted - ® Knighted Chess E

Chess, like love, like music, has the power to make men happy. E ® Schach

chess, line - E ® line chess E

Chess, Little - (G) ® Little Chess (G)

Chess, Living - ® Correspondence Living Chess E

Chess, Loch Ness - ® Loch Ness Chess E

Chess, Logical Progressive - ® Logical Progressive Chess E

Chess, Losing E- ® Losing Chess E

Chess, Marseilles - E ® Marseilles Chess E

Chess, Mawdhouse - (I) ® Mawdhouse Chess E

Chess, Maze- ® Maze-Chess E

Chess, Mecklenbecker - ® Mecklenbecker Chess E

Chess, Minotaur - ® Minotaur Chess E

Chess, Modern - ® Modern Chess E

Chess, Modern Courier - ® Modern Courier Chess E

Chess, Moose - ® Moose Chess E®

Chess, Musical - ® Musical Chess E

chess, must-capture - E ® Schlagzwang-Schach

Chess, Mutation - ® Mutation Chess E

Chess, New in - ® New in Chess E

Chess, Non-stop - ® Non-stop Chess E

Chess, Non-stop Correspondence - ® Non-stop Correspondence Chess E

Chess, Non-U- ® Non-U-chess E

Chess, One-Way- ® One-Way-Chess E

Chess, Open Plane E- ® Open Plane Chess E

Chess, Open Space- E ® Schach, Open Space- ® Open Space Chess E

Chess, Oppo-Cancellation - ® Oppo-Cancellation-chess E

Chess, Oppo-Capture - ® Oppo-Capture-Chess E

Chess, Oppo-Coexistence - ® Oppo-Coexistence-Chess E

Chess, Outlaw- ® Outlaw-Chess E

Chess, Parallel Time-Stream - ® Parallel Time-Stream-Chess E

Chess, Patricia E- ® Patricia Chess E

Chess, Pockes Knight - (B) ® Pockes Knight Chess (B) E

Chess, Power - ® Power Chess E

Chess, Power / Warp - ® Power / Warp Chess E

Chess, Pre- ® Pre-Chess E

Chess, Promethean - ® Promethean a Chess E

Chess, Push - ® Push Chess E

Chess, Quantum E- ® Quantum Chess E

Chess, Randomised - ® Randomised a Chess E ® Rifle Chess E ® Curtains pE

Chess, Rapid - ® Rapid Chess E

Chess, Reciprocating Refusal - ® Reciprocating a Refusal Chess E

Chess, Refusal - ® Refusal Chess E

Chess, Rejection - ® Rejection Chess E

Chess, Rifle - ® Rifle Chess E ® Curtains E

Chess, Rifle - Schlagkonvention f ® Rifle Chess Schlagkonvention

Chess, Screen - ® Screen Chess E

Chess, Shooting - ® Shooting Chess E

chess, spherical - ® Kugelschach E

Chess, Stalemate-start - ® Stalemate-Start Chess E

Chess, Symbolic - ® Symbolic Chess E

Chess, Symmetric - ® Symmetric Chess E

Chess, The Musical E Most expensive musical play ever put together, costing over $4 million in 1986. The musical was written by Tim Rice and music by Benny Andersson and Bjorn Ulvaeus (formerly of ABBA). [CT]

Chess, The Official Laws of - ® The Official Laws of Chess E

Chess, Thinktank - ® Thinktank Chess E

Chess, Transition - ® Transition Chess E

Chess, Troitzky - ® Troitzky Chess E

Chess, Turbo - ® Turbo Chess E

Chess, Turkish great - ® Turkish great Chess E ® 10x10-Schachspiele p

Chess, Upside-Down - ® Upside-Down Chess E

Chess, Variant - ® Variant Chess E

chess, wagon wheel - E ® Wagenradschach

Chess, Warp - ® Warp Chess E

Chess, XS - ® XS Chess E

Chess, Zany - ® Zany Chess E

Chess, Zombie - ® Zombie Chess E

chess.net EC ®

Chess: A Winner‘s Strategy EQ Lernvideo / video; 1991. Synopsis: This instrucional video, aided by computer animation, live action and photo montages, gives the novice and tournament players ways to improve their game. Genres: Sport, Documentry, Educational. Cast: Jeremy Silman. [Movies CD-ROM]

Chess: Improving and Staying Sharp. Q Tangborn. 78 Seiten - kartoniert - Chess Digest 1996

Chess: its poetry and its prose Q & MACKENZIE, A. F. (22cm x 14cm, 480pp). A treatise on problems of all kinds, with 136 examples. Privately published, Kingston, Jamaica, 1887.. [BL]

Chess: The Complete Self Tutor. Q Lasker. 368 Seiten - kartoniert - Batsford 1997

CHESS; Beginning of modern chess starts in southern Europe. E [BW] = 1475

chess@ unix-ag.uni-kl.de E

chess-aesthetic criterion E ® schachästhetisches Kriterium

chess-aesthetic evaluation E ® schachästhetische Beurteilung

chessamatics E ® chess mathematics E ® Schachmathematik

Chessapeak challenge E [Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 150, 174] ®

ChessAssistant CE

Chessatho(-n), U.S. - ® U.S. Chessatho(n) E

ChessBase CEnD ®

ChessBase Trainings-CD f ® E

Chessbase Windows CED

chessboard and set of chessmen pE ® Schachspiel [3]

CHESSBOARD COMPANION by Lewis published. Ran thru 9 editions. E [BW] = 1838

Chessboard E The first chessboard of alternating light and dark squares appear in Europe in 1090. [CT]®  ® Schachbrett ® Schachfeld [2] ® Schachtafel ® Schachtafelbrett ® Schachttafel ® Schachzabel [1] ® Schachzabel ® Schachzagel ® schâchzagel ® schâchzagel ® schachzagl ® schachzagl ® Schachzogel ® schachzogel ® Schachzogel ® schachzogel ® Schaczagel ® schaczagel ® Schaczagel ® schaczagel ® Schaffzagel ® Schaffzagel ® Schafzagel ® schâfzagel ® schafzaigel ® Schazagel ® Schazogel ® schozagel ® sthafftavel ® Zabel

chessboard flower E ® Schachbrettblume ® fritillary E

Chessboard Games pE ® A board marked with 64 squares, used in playing chess. [American Heritage CD-ROM]

Chessboard magic Q & (20cm x 14cm, 162pp, was C4). 160 studies, mainly by Russian composers, with commentary. Chess Review, foreword dated 1943. BCPS Library Catalogue, 25 Jul 96: Published books and pamphlets Page 15. [BL]

Chessboard Morris E [Variant Chess 1993-1996 S.195]

chessboard pattern E ® Schachbrettordnung

chessboard transformation E ® chess Mathematics pE ® Schachbretttransformation

Chessboard, 100 classics of the - ® 100 classics of the chessboard EQ (Dickins & Ebert)

chess-book author E ® Schachbuchautor

chessbook E ® schâchbouch

chess-book lady-author E ® Schachbuchautorin

chessbook on ninepins problems E ® Kegelbuch [he-chess Band 3, Hilmar Ebert]

chess-box E ® Schachkasten

Chessbox E = Verschiedene, kleine Schachprogramme

ChessBrain C

Chesscafe n ® chess trivia site EChess is fun

chess-clock E ® Schachuhr

Chessco Q, P.O. Box 8, Davenport, IA 52805-0008. 319-323-7117. Associated with Thinkers Press publishers. Books, boards, clocks. Catalog available.

Chessed E ®

Chessercizes EQ New Winning Techniques for Players of All Levels, by Pandolfini. ISBN 0-671-70184-3, paperback from Fireside (Simon & Schuster). Not exactly „problems“; not exactly „lessons“. Written in the modern Pandolfini style - one idea / example per page. Easy to take in short segments, or as fodder for lessons. [Bruce Pandolfini]

Chessformat E ®

Chessgi nDE Mischung: Schach + Shogi; geschlagene Steine dürfen als Zug für die eigene Partei wieder auf leere Felder eingesetzt werden. Bauern dürfen nicht auf die Umwandlungsreihe gesetzt werden, wohl aber auf die eigene Figurengrundreihe; von dort aus haben sie die normalen Bauernzugmöglichkeiten sowie die Option zum Doppelschritt. Mit einem ”neuen” Turm kann nicht rochiert werden) [P. Novak, Variant Chess 4, X-XII/1990, S. 40-41] M. weist auf verschiedene Möglichkeiten hin, progressives Schach mit anderen Spielen bzw. Bedingungen zu verknüpfen, z.B. progressives chinesisches Schach, progressives Shogi, progressives Circeschach, progressives Schach mit zufälliger Figurengrundstellung usw. Horne [P. Novak, Variant Chess 4, X-XII/1990, S. 40-41, 42-43; Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 11, 219]

chessic missile, Inter~ ® Interchessic missile E

Chessica C

Chessics = Cics Q

Chess-in-the-schools QE Foundation that provides chess instruction and materials to children in several New York public schools, E

Chessiquick Ô system of diagramming E ® Chessiquick E ® Chessiquick (-Verfahren n)

chess-land E ® Schachland

ChessLeo C Schachlernprogramm

Chesslets Q & SCHUMER, J. (22cm x 14cm, 56pp, was S3). A book of miscellanea, containing games, reproductions of paintings, curiosities, and around 47 problems of all kinds. Printing-Craft, London, 1928. [BL]

Chess-Life Q

chesslike E ® schachweise a

Chesslinks in USA E ® http://www.cais.com/s unburst/ chess/chs-usa.html

Chesslinks Worldwide E ® http://www.cais.com/ sunburst/chess/

ChessLiveChessLive! QE ®

ChessMachine C

chessman nE One of the pieces used in playing chess. ® Schachstein

Chessmaster 1 E ® Schachmeister

Chessmaster 2 C 5000 Pentium 90 MHz, ELO = 2392

Chessmaster 3000 C (ELO 2170) by Software Toolworks Excellent graphics. DM 99 A windows version of Chessmaster 3000 is marketed as well for DM 119. A CD ROM version can be bought for DM 145. Supersedes Chessmaster 2100 (USCF 2070) by Software Toolworks.

Chessmaster 4000 C (ELO 2304) by Software Toolworks <mscape @ aol.com (mailto:mscape @ aol.com” mscape @ aol.com ). No copy protection. No limited number of installs. Auto annotation. CD ROM version for windows available. CD Rom Version has larger library of annotated games and Karpov (voice) discussing several of his games - you can here him moving pieces in the background. Approximately $40. Incredibly good cost to game quality ratio!

Chessmaster 5000 C ELO > 2392. Has arrived in the spring, 1996. Pgn support was not good in the initial release a patch was to be released Fall, 1996. A rating of 2304 will beat most of us. If you think you are beating chessmaster 4000 or 5000 easily and have only recently started to play - check the level and time you are allowing for thought and make sure deep thinking is on. You may reach the ChessMaster 5000 team at: cjustiniano @ mindscape.com. Information may also be found on Eric Schillers page, listed elsewhere in the FAQ. E ®

Chessmaster 6000 C ELO = ?

Chessmaster Amiga CED

Chessmaster CED

ChessmasternetworkChessmaster network QE

chess-match E ® Schachkampf ® Schachturnierkampf

Chessmen in the endgame study, part 4-7 Q & (27cm x 21cm. 144pp). Around 100 endgame studies classified by theme, with commentary. ARVES, Margraten, 1992. [BL]

chessmen pE ® Schachfiguren p

chessmen, Ager ® Ager chessmen p - Correspondence E

chessmen, Lewis- ® Lewis chessmen pE ® Correspondence E

Chessmen, The Fairy - ® The Fairy Chessmen EQ = SF-Roman von Lewis ® Padgett

Chess-net EC Schachprogramm über Modem http://www.chess.net

Chess-nut burrs Q & LYONS, W. H. (16cm x 12cm, 172pp). A treatise with 100 illustrative direct mates in two or three moves. Privately published, Newport, Kentucky, 1886. Formerly in the possession of B. G. Laws.. [BL]

ChessOffice CEnD Windows-Trainingsprogramm

ChessOrg DE® Hoffmann

ChessPad nEC (Freeware-Datenbank)

ChessPlanet CE chess news and tournaments EPlanet Chess

Chessplayer E ® Schachspieler ® Schachsportler ® Joueur d‘échecs F ® Ajedrecista S

Chessplayer to live in three centuries, First - ® Carew, Lady Jane (1797-1901) E

Chess-Player‘s Magazine EQ

Chessplayers pE The World Chess Federation estimates there are 550 million chessplayers. [CT] ® Schachspieler p

chessplayers, Blind - Correspondence Blind chessplayers pE

Chess-Playing Computers pEC The Computer Chess Gazette_, Box 2841, Laguna Hills, CA 92654. 714-770-8532. Focuses on computer chess. ®

chess-playing E ® Schachspielen ® Schachspiel [2]

Chess-Playing Software EC The strength of chess-playing software is highly dependent on the hardware it runs on (all software discussed is for MS-DOS; programs available for MacOS are noted).

ChessRoute C Schachlernprogramm

Chessrp C Schach-Replay-Programm

Chess-Server C

ChesStat C

Chesster C

ChesStra C Schachlernprogramm

ChessTreasure C ®

ChessTutor C

ChessWeb C ®

ChessWeb Store CE ®

Chessworks Unlimited C ® Information regarding their software and publications. Products include. ® Deja Vu Database C ® Internet E  ® http: // www. chessworks.com

Chessworld EDFIH ® die hier vorliegende Schach-Enzyklopädie von Hilmar Ebert = Hilmar KLAUS „Multimediale Universelle Schach-Enzyklopädie“ (*to muse = 1. (nach)sinnen, -denken, -grübeln; 2. in Gedanken versunken sein, träumen …) ® www.chessworld.org

Chesta Miru Q

Chester EC ®

Chestnov, Vitaliy A. FM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2345

chesu ® Schach

Chetverik, Maxim FM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2330

cheval fou F = Tempete 35 = Verrücktes a Pferd ® Crazy Horse E

Cheval m de Troie F (großes T) = Cat E = trojanisches Pferd Zusammengesetzte Zugwirkung: Macht erst einen Springerzug, kann dann als Teil des Zuges wie ein Dabbabareiter weiterziehen, wobei es parallel zur 2:0-Komponente des Springerzuges zieht. [N. Gheran, Buletin Problemistic, I- V/1985, S. 10-12] ® E

Chevaldonnet, Francois born in Reims, France. IM 1985. E [BW] = 1950.07.22

Chevaldonnet, Francois IM FRAU, ELO VI 1998 = 2270

Chevallier, Cedric ELO IV 1997 = 2064

Chevallier, Didier FM FRA, ELO VI 1998 = 2325

Chex E [Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 174]

Cheylan, Anticirce Typ - ® Anticirce Typ Cheylan E

Cheylan, Yves, Prof. K, *14.11.1938, F

Cheylyabinski Festival Q

ChGen1 C

CHI = RCH = Chile

Chia, Chee Seng FM SIN, ELO VI 1998 = 2300

Chiamulera, Fr. K, D

Chiara ® Chiaras Schicksal ® Unglücklicher, fürchterlicher war Chiaras Schicksal ...

Chiaras Schicksal ® Unglücklicher, fürchterlicher war Chiaras Schicksal ...

Chiburdanidze, Maia born in Kutaisi, Russia. WIM 1974; WGM 1977; IM 1978; GM 1984. Women's World Ch 1978-91. E [BW] = 1961.01.17

Chiburdanidze, Maia GM *17.01.61 GEO, ELO V 1999 = 2525, I 1997 > 2535

Chicago Bears Hoax In 1986, a Chicago DJ decided to have some fun by setting up a hoax. The Chicago Bears football team was in London, preparing for an exhibition game against the Cowboys at Wembley Stadium. He arranged information to be leaked that the team would be visiting the World Championship match between Kasparov and Karpov, then underway at the Park Lane Hotel. A flood of press inquiries reached the press office at the chess event, but the hoax failed to work—the press officer was Eric Schiller, then a student at the University of Chicago, who smelled not a bear, but a rat. As a result, Schiller and other staff members were treated to tickets to the game. E [TR]

Chicago Open Chicago USA 97.05.23 - 97.05.26

Chicago Tribune Q

Chicco theme E ® Chicco-Thema

Chicco, Adriano born in Geneva, Italy. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1967. Historian and problemist. E [BW] = 1907.02.16

Chicco, Adriano died. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1967. Historian and problemist. E [BW] = 1990

Chicco, Adriano, Dr. K, *16.02.1907-30.08.1990, I

Chicco-Thema n ® Chicco theme E ® Moskau-Thema [GS]

chief arbiter E ® Hauptschiedsrichter ® arbître principal F

Chief of Police E = L+S = Bukhshi ED ® Paymaster E = Kotwal E ® Atranj E = Qatranj ® Turkish great chess E

Chigorin defence, 12...c5d4, Ruy Lopez closed E = C99 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 a7a6 b5a4 g8f6 e1g1 f8e7 f1e1 b7b5 a4b3 e8g8 c2c3 d7d6 h2h3 c6a5 b3c2 c7c5 d2d4 d8c7 b1d2 c5d4 c3d4 [JM] ®

Chigorin defence, Janowski Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D07 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 b8c6 b1c3 d5c4 g1f3 [JM] ®

Chigorin defence, Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D07 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 b8c6 [JM] ®

Chigorin defence, Queen‘s Gambit Declined semi-Slav E = D46 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 g1f3 c7c6 e2e3 b8d7 f1d3 f8d6 [JM] ®

Chigorin defence, Rauzer attack, Ruy Lopez closed E = C98 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 a7a6 b5a4 g8f6 e1g1 f8e7 f1e1 b7b5 a4b3 e8g8 c2c3 d7d6 h2h3 c6a5 b3c2 c7c5 d2d4 d8c7 b1d2 a5c6 d4c5 [JM] ®

Chigorin defence, Ruy Lopez closed E = C97 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 a7a6 b5a4 g8f6 e1g1 f8e7 f1e1 b7b5 a4b3 e8g8 c2c3 d7d6 h2h3 c6a5 b3c2 c7c5 d2d4 d8c7 [JM] ®

Chigorin defence, Yugoslav system, Ruy Lopez closed E = C97 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 a7a6 b5a4 g8f6 e1g1 f8e7 f1e1 b7b5 a4b3 e8g8 c2c3 d7d6 h2h3 c6a5 b3c2 c7c5 d2d4 d8c7 b1d2 c8d7 d2f1 f8e8 f1e3 g7g6 [JM] ®

Chigorin Lazard Gambit / Queen‘s Gambit Refused a / D07 E ® Chigorin Lazard-Gambit n / Damen-Gambit n Abgelehntes/ D07 D 1.Nf3 Nc6 2.d4 d5 3.c4 e5

Chigorin Lazard-Gambit n / Damen-Gambit n Abgelehntes / D07 ® Chigorin Lazard Gambit / Queen‘s Gambit Refused aE / D07 1.Nf3 Nc6 2.d4 d5 3.c4 e5

Chigorin Variation, French E = C00 1.e2e4 e7e6 d1e2 [JM] ®

Chigorin Variation, Queen‘s pawn E = D00 1.d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 [JM] ®

Chigorin, Michail Ivanović ®

Chigorin, Mikhail born in St Petersburg. Elo: 2600. E [BW] = 1850.11.12

Chigorin, Mikhail, Russian master, died of diabetes in Lublin. Elo: 2600. E [BW] = 1908.01.25

Chigorin-Lazard Gambit / Damen- Gambit n Abgelehntes a D07 ® Chigorin-Lazard Gambit E / Queen‘s Gambit Refused aE D07

Chigorin-Lazard Gambit / Queen‘s Gambit Refused E D07 ® Queen‘s Gambit Refused / Chigorin-Lazard Gambit E D07 1.Nf3 Nc6 2.d4 d5 3.c4 e5 ® Chigorin-Lazard Gambit / Abgelehntes Damengambit D07

Chigvintsev, Andrei IM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2375

Chikovani, Iuri FM GEO, ELO VI 1998 = 2265

Chikvaidze replaced Sevastionov as President of the Soviet Chess Fed. E [BW] = 1986

Chikvaidze, Alexander (1932- ) E Replaced former cosmonaut Vitaly Sevastionov in 1986 as President of the Soviet Chess Federation. He was a Georgian career diplomat who served as former Ambassador to Kenya and assigned to the Soviet consulate in San Francisco and embassies in London and New Delhi. [CT]

children‘s chess E ® Kinderschach

Chile = CHI = RCH. Schach = Spanish: Ajedrez H ®

Chilingirova, Pavlina IM BUL, ELO VI 1998 = 2205

Chilla, Markus, ELO IV 1997 = 2023

Chimaeric Chess E [U. Castellari] ® Platzwechselcirce

Chimaeric Chess nE ® Platzwechsel-Circe

Chimedtseren 60 Jahre Turnier, Sonomun ~ - ® Sonomun Chimedtseren 60 Jahre Turnier Q

Chimedtzeren, Sononum K, *22.12.1932, MC

China / Taiwan = RC

China E = CHN E = Xiàng-qi = Schach = Xiang Gan (Hakka dialects minority languages) Chinese Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) Yue (Cantonese) Wu (Shanghainese) Minbei (Fuzhou) Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese) - The Chinese Emperor Wen-ti executed two foreign chessplayers after learning that one of the pieces was called ”Emperor.” He was upset that his title of Emperor could be associated with a mere game and forbade the game. Chinese chess is played on a board 9 squares by 8 and the pieces move on the intersections of the lines rather than the squares, so that the actual playing area is 10 by 9. One of the pieces as a cannon, unknown anywhere else. Chess was not listed as a competitive sport in China until 1956. The Chess Association of China was formed in 1962. It didn‘t have its first championship tournament until 1974. The first international tournament ever held in China was in 1980. [CT]

China has its 1st national ch. E [BW] = 1957

China officially sponsors chess as a competitive sport. E [BW] = 1956

China wins 9th Asian Ch in Penang, Malaysia E [BW] = 1991.11.03

CHINA; 1st reference to Chinese chess in the HUAN KWAI LU (Book of Marvels). E [BW] = 0795

CHINA; Chess officially recognized and encouraged in China. E [BW] = 1957

CHINA; Form of chess being played in China with dice. E [BW] = 0570

CHINA; Further references of Chinese chess in the sung period. E [BW] = 0960

Chinchilla, Eugenio FM CRC, ELO VI 1998 = 2285

Chinese aE ® chinesisch a

Chinese checkers E ® Chinese Chess E

Chinese chess (Hsiang ch'i) introduced. E [BW] = 0800

Chinese Chess 0 E Chinese chess is a chess-like game which is especially popular in the Far East: China, Taiwan, Thailand, Singapore, Vietnam, Hong Kong, etc. The strongest players and tournaments can be found in these countries. As would be expected, most of the materials published on Chinese chess are written in the languages of this region: most notably, Chinese and Vietnamese. As Asians continue to immigrate to Europe and North America, the level of Chinese chess skill on these continents can be expected to improve and more materials should become available in western languages, such as English, French, and German. Also, more westerners should be expected to become interested in the game and improve their level of expertise. Chinese chess is NOT any of the following games: ® Shogi E ® Japanese chess E ® go ED ® wei chi ED ® weiqi ED ® Chinese checkers E ® western chess E ® Korean chess E ® Thai chess E ® Makrook ED ® Malaysian chess E ® Mah Jong ® Sic bo ® Pai gow ED. Starting position r---n---m---g---k---g---m---n---r 9. [LH] ® Chinesisches Schach

Chinese Chess 1 = 19 E John Gollon, 1974: Ancient Chess Variations

Chinese Chess 2 (modern type) E ® Chinesisches Schach (neuer Art)

Chinese Chess Championship, European ~ ® European Chinese Chess Championship E

Chinese Chess Championship, European~ E ® European Chinese Chess Championship E ® Europäische Meisterschaft in Chinese-Schach

Chinese Chess for Beginners Q & Sam Sloan, Gives the basic rules, info about personalities, etc. This book received a rating of 3.5 in XiangQi Review (on a scale of 1-10, 1 being the lowest). ISBN: 0923891110.

Chinese Chess Q & H. T. Lau, Basic rules, opening, middle and endgame play. Many exercises.

Chinese E A Chinese game, resembling, played on a board consisting of two halves, each eight squares by four, with a strip separating them: pieces representing the military of ancient China are placed on the intersections of the lines and the game is won when a general is checkmated. [CC]

Chinese Four-seasons-Chess E ® Vier-Personen-Schach

Chinese introduce new pieces to Chinese chess (siang ki) E [BW] = 1279

Chinese Knight E ® chinesischer p Springer

Chinese Men E ® Chinesische p Steine

Chinese Nightrider E ® chinesischer p Nachtreiter m

Chinese Pawn E = Xiangqi mDE = Chinesischer a Bauer m: Bauer, der auf der Umwandlungsreihe nicht umwandelt, aber auf dieser waagrecht ziehen kann. [I. G. Richardson, 90 Variant Chess 6, IV-VI 1991, S. 73] ® Chinesischer a Bauer m

Chinese pieces pE ® Chinesische a Figuren p ® Chinesische a Steine p

Chinese player 1st beats a GM - Liu Wen Che beat Donner in Buenos Aires. E [BW] = 1978

Chinese Seven-Chess E ® Chinesisches Siebenschach

Chinese Three-Chess E ® chinesisches Dreischach

Chinese Variation, Pirc E = B07 1.e2e4 d7d6 d2d4 g8f6 b1c3 g7g6 f1e2 f8g7 g2g4 [JM] ®

Chinese-Schach Meisterschaft, Europäische ~ ® Europäische Chinese-Chess-Meisterschaft

chinesisch a ® Chinese E

Chinesische a Figuren p ® Chinese pieces pE

Chinesische a Steine p Statt mit DTLS wird von der ® PAS an mit ® Leo, ® Pao, ® Vao, ® Mao gespielt. ® Chinese Pieces pE ® Chinese Men pE

Chinesischer a Bauer m Bauer, der auf der Umwandlungsreihe nicht umwandelt, aber auf dieser (und im Gegensatz zum ® Waagerecht-Bauern nur dort!) waagerecht ziehen kann. [I. G. Richardson, 90.Variant Chess (6) IV-VI 1991 S. 73] ® Chinese Pawn E ® Xiangqi E

chinesischer a Nachtreiter m ® Chinese Nightrider E

chinesischer a Springer m ® Chinese Knight E

chinesisches a Dreischach n ® Chinese Three-Chess E

Chinesisches a Schach n (neuer Art) ® Chinese Chess (modern type) E

Chinesisches a Schach n Statt mit Dame, Turm, Läufer, Springer wird ® seit Partieanfangsstellung mit ® Leo, ® Pao, ® Vao, ® Mao gespielt und auch nur in diese umgewandelt. [Problemkiste (116) IV 1998 S. 214] ® Chinese Chess E

Chinesisches a Siebenschach n ® Chinese Seven-Chess E

Chinesisches a Sprichwort n ® Der ist ein echter Edelmann ...

Chinesisches a Vier-Personen-Schach n ® E

chinesisches Schach, progressives ~ ® progressives a chinesisches a Schach

Chinnici, Giorgio ®

chioce of move E ® Zugauswahl

Chiong, Luiz FM PHI, ELO VI 1998 = 2390

Chiricuta, Iudita IM ROM, ELO VI 1998 = 2130

Chiricuta, Marius FM ROM, ELO VI 1998 = 2240

Chirila, Radu Catalin FM ROM, ELO VI 1998 = 2250

chiss E ®

Chittenden, Simeon Baldwin K, *6.06.1845-15.09.1922, USA

Chivu, Nikolae K, *11.07.1938, RM

Chlaifer, Roman, ELO IV 1997 = 2157

Chlechowitz, Frank ELO IV 1997 = 2103

Chloe 1 CF Solving software E ® Chloe

Chloe 2 CF Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm ® Chloe

Chloeali C Échecs d‘Alice F = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm Use 2 boards A and B. Units after moving on one board are immediately transferred to the corresponding square which must be empty on the other board. A move must be legal on the board on which it is played. Thus captures and checks are all on one board but guards on the King‘s field are effective on either board. Mates are not necessarily specifics. No castles no prises en passant. ® Chloeali Échecs d‘Alice CF ® Chloeali C

Chloeant CFD Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Anti-Circe F

Chloechr CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Échecs bichromatiques F

Chloecip CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Circe Parrain F

Chloecst CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Circe strict and Immunschach. A unit may only be captured if its rebirth square is vacant.

Chloeein CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für Échecs dEinstein F

Chloefus CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Échecs Fusils and Échecs kamikaze F

Chloegri CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Echiquier-Grille 4 grilles pF

Chloehyp CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Échecs Hypervolages pF

Chloeimi CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Problems with Imitator E

Chloekok CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Échecs Koko and Antikoko F

Chloemad CFD ® = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Madrasi ED and ® Madrasi RI

Chloemar CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Circe martien F. Circe martien Units capture and check only from their rebirth square and they are reborn only to capture. The captured unit vanishes.

Chloepar CFD ® = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Problems with paralysing a pieces pE

Chloepat CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Échecs Patrouille F

Chloesen CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Échecs Sentinelles pF

Chloesia CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für Probleme mit ® Siamesichen Steinen pD ® siamese pieces pE

Chloespr CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Échecs sans prises pF ® No captures pE ® Ohneschlag

Chloesup CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Super clouages FC

Chloetib CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Échecs du tibet FC

Chloetra CFD = Teilprogramm im Chloe-Löseprogramm für ® Rois transmutes pF and Rois reflecteurs pF

Chloupek, Stanislav ELO IV 1997 = 2257

Chlubna - 64 + 100. Q A Selection of my Chess Problems / Eine Auswahl meiner Schachaufgaben 1961-1996. Chlubna-Serie 1996

Chlubna - Das Matt des weißen Königs Q (Selbstmatt). Chlubna-Serie 1995

Chlubna - Michael Keller - Ein Meister der Schachkomposition. Q Chlubna-Serie1994

Chlubna + Wenda - Problempalette. Q Schachprobleme österreichischer Autoren aus den Jahren 1901 - 1970. Chlubna-Serie 1970

Chlubna, Friedrich - Das Matt des weißen Königs Q 1995

Chlubna, Friedrich - Om at undgå skak! Q Über die Schachvermeidung! [Thema Danicum IV 1978 S. 39-41; 6 H#2]

Chlubna, Friedrich - Schach für Nußknacker. Q & Eine Einführung in die Welt des Schachproblems mit lexikalischem Anhang Problemschach von A - Z”. Wien: Eigenverlag F. [Friedrich] Chlubna, 1994, 143 S., ISBN 3-9500310-0-6 [Schach für Pazifisten. Im Hilfsmatt gibt es keinen Kampf. ® S. 57-64]

Chlubna, Friedrich & Klaus Wenda - Problempalette II. Q & Wien: Dr. K. Wenda Eigenverlag 1991, 238 S. [S. 170-187: viele H#]

Chlubna, Friedrich K, *15.04.1946, A, Buchedition.

CHM avec 3, 4, 5 pieces - helpmate catalogue Q 1995

CHM Q = CMA Q = Catalogue de mats aidés Q

chm2 Q ® = CMA Q = Catalogue de mats aidés Q 2. Aufl.

Chmellarz B. W. K [Frühes Hilfsmatt 1923]

Chmellarz, Walter K, D

Chmiel, Pavel, ELO IV 1997 = 2294

Chmura, Viliam K, *1.04.1938, CSR

CHN = China ED

Chocholous, Jiri K, *9.12.1856-3.09.1930, CSR

Chodas, W. E. K, SU

Chodera, Miroslav K, *1887-27.10.1952, CSR

choice E ® Auswahl

choice of move E ® Zugauswahl

choke-choohong-ki E the Game to Capture the Prince of Chü; chines. Frühform bzw. Vorform des Schachspiels. [David Li, Genealogy of Chess; Kritik von Peter Banaschak in Rochade Europa VII 1998 S. 49 ff.]

Chokes on his Greed CE ®

Chomet, Pascal IM FRA, ELO VI 1998 = 2405

Choose font CE ® Zeichensatz wählen C

Choose the right move. Q King / Duncan. 199 Seiten - kartoniert - Cadogan Chess 1998

chop capture E ® hacken v (salopp für: schlagen v)

Choranow, K. L. K, SU

Chortow, W. E., 28.09.1926 K

Chow, Albert born in Chicago. FM 1984. E [BW] = 1964.01.26

Chow, Albert FM USA, ELO VI 1998 = 2330

ChP = The Chess Problem Q

CHREST CED Computer programme for modelling of chess perception- and chess thought processes E ® zur Modellierung der Wahrnehmungs- und Denkprozesse beim Schach

Chris Ward wins British Ch. E [BW] = 1996.08

Christ, Eberhard, ELO IV 1997 = 2047

Christ, Heinz, D, ELO VII 1998 = 2263

Christ, Manfred, D, ELO VII 1998 = 2046

Christ, Ralf, ELO IV 1997 = 2187

Christensen, Christian K, *12.08.1869-4.06.1942, DK

Christensen, Niels, ELO IV 1997 = 2037

Christensen, Stehen - h#-Kegel mit Rekordzahl von Lösungen Q [Thema Danicum I 1981 S. 96-98]

Christensen, Stehen K

Christensen, Tobias IM DEN, ELO VI 1998 = 2370

Christiaans, Frank K, *19.04.1948, NL

Christian Science Monitor Q

Christiani, Siegbert, ELO IV 1997 = 2013

Christiansen is 1st jr-high school player to win the nation HS ch. E [BW] = 1971

Christiansen, Larry (1956- ) The only player to become an International Grandmaster without ever being an International Master. In 1977 he was awarded the title. He is also the first junior high school player to win the National High School Championship in 1971. [CT]

Christiansen, Larry born in Riverside, California. GM 1977. US Jr Ch 1973, 1974, 1975. US Ch 1980. E [BW] = 1956.06.27

Christiansen, Larry M. GM USA, ELO VI 1998 = 2610, V 1999 = 2568 ®

Christiansen, Thorwald K, DK

Christmas Card fEQ ® Weihnachtskarte, Weihnachtsgruß (oft mit Problemstellungen)

Christmas Island Schach = English: Chess

Christmas Open 1996 26.12.96 Debrecen. HUN 1.4 -Zone

Christmas Series pEQ ® Weihnachtsserie-Serie

Christmas Tournament 1.8 -Zone 29.12.96 Kobrin. BLR

Christmas Tournament E ® Weihnachtsturnier

Christmas Tournament Zadar 1996 14.12.96. CRO 1.2b-Zone

Christmas Tournament Zadar Open E Turnier

Christmas-Serie fD Buchreihe ® Christmas Series E

Christof, ELO IV 1997 = 2053

Christoffanini theme E ® Christoffanini-Thema

Christoffel, Martin born. Swiss ch 1942,43,45,48,52. IM 1952. E [BW] = 1922.09.02

Christoffel, Ulrich, ELO IV 1997 = 2097

Christofleau, P. K, *8.07.1932, F

Christoph, ?, ELO IV 1997 = 2088

Christopher, Sarah FM ENG, ELO VI 1998 = 2090

chromatic quadruplet E ® chromatischer Vierling

chromatic triplet E ® chromatischer Drilling

chromatic twins E ® Chromatische Zwillinge p

Chromatische a Zwillinge p ® chromatic twins pE

chromatische Drillinge p ® chromatic triplets pE

chromatische Vierlinge mp ® chromatic quadruplets E

Chrono FDE = Tempete 22

CH-System n ® E

Chto takoe shakhmatnaia kompozitsia „What is chess composition?“ Q & UMNOV, E. I. 20cm x 13cm, 163pp, white spine somewhat tattered, was U1a). A set of essays embracing direct mates, studies, and practical play, with 190 examples; in Russian. Fizkultura i Sport, Moskva, 1954. Autographed.. [BL]

Chu E = red (south position) ® Qiguo Xiangxi E

Chu Shogi DE Mittel-Shogi; 12x12-Brett, Mitte des 14. Jh. [zit. von Peter Blommers in Variant Chess Nr. 25 Herbst 1997 S. 107-109] ® Shogi ED Mittel-Shogi

Chu Shogi Q & (middle Shogi) historic Shogi variant.

Chu, Stefanie FM CAN, ELO VI 1998 = 2020

Chuch Vladimir, RUS, ELO V 1999 = 2515

Chuchelov, Vladimir GM BEL, ELO VI 1998 = 2540

Chuck-a-Chess E [Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 59]

Chudjakowa, Maria Petrowna K, SU

Chudnovsky, Jacob FM USA, ELO VI 1998 = 2365

chu-jin E = Adjutant E = Adjutant oder go-between E= Dazwischengeher = Zugrichtung 15. [George Jelliss, Variant Chess, Herbst 1997, S. 109-110] ® Shogi ED ® Adjutant ® Dazwischengeher ® Zugrichtung 15

Chumakov, Gennady ® Tschumakow, Gennady

chunk E ® Mustererkennung ® Schachpsychologie ® Chunking nDE

Chunking nDE Musterbildung beim Erkennen in der ® Schach-Psychologie ® chess psychology E

Chuprov, Dmitry IM RUS, ELO VI 1998 = 2400

CHURCH; Chess is condemned by the eastern orthodox church. E [BW] = 1093

Churchill, Lord Randolph (1849-1895) Winston Churchills father was elected vice president of the British Chess Federation in 1885. Lord Tennyson was the President of the British Chess Federation. He took chess lessons from Zukertort and Steinitz. He was the co-founder of the Oxford University Chess Club. [CT]

CHURCHILL; Lord Randolph Churchill elected Vice President of the BCF. E [BW] = 1885

Church's fried chicken international tournament won by Petrosian. E [BW] = 1972

Churin, Leonardo FM ARG, ELO VI 1998 = 2290

Chwallek, Burkhard, ELO IV 1997 = 2038

Chwaltschew, Iwan S. K, *12.03.1922, SU

CI = Elfenbeinküste

Cialowskij, W. K, SU

Ciano, Givannini K, CH

Ciaxz, Ralf, ELO IV 1997 = 2004

Cibulka, Vladimir FM SVK, ELO VI 1998 = 2315

Cicak, Slavko IM SWE, ELO VI 1998 = 2460

Ciccolini-Zebra n ® Ciccolini Zebra E

Cichocki, Adam FM POL, ELO VI 1998 = 2365

Cichon, Jörg, D, ELO VII 1998 = 2149

Cics = Chessics Q

Ciemniak, Robert IM POL, ELO VI 1998 = 2390

Cieslak, Francizek K, *1907, PL

Cifuentes.Parada, Roberto GM NED, ELO VI 1998 = 2505

Cifuentes-Parada, Roberto born in Santiago, Chile. IM 1984; GM 1992. E [BW] = 1957.12.21

Cigan, Stefan FM SLO, ELO VI 1998 = 2375

Cimburek, Ladislav K, *24.09.1867-28.02.1915, A

Cimmino - The Göring Gambit. Q 128 Seiten - kartoniert - Editrice 1993

Cinak, Nilufer IM TUR, ELO VI 1998 = 2065

Cincinnati Commercial Q

Cincinnati Enquirer Q

Cinko, Peter K

Ciocaltea, Victor ®

Ciocaltea, Victor (1932-1983) E Romanian chess player who became an International Master in 1957 and took 21 years to become a Grandmaster in 1978. He won the Romanian championship 8 times during 1952-1979. [CT]

Ciocaltea, Victor born in Bucharest. Romanian ch 1952,59,61,62,70,71. IM 1957; GM 1979. E [BW] = 1932.01.16

Ciocaltea, Victor died in Manresa, Spain. Romanian ch 1952,59,61,62,70,71. IM 1957; GM 1979. E [BW] = 1983.09.10

Ciolac, Gheorghe IM ROM, ELO VI 1998 = 2375

Ciornei, Dragos, ELO IV 1997 = 2074

Cipra, Lothar, ELO IV 1997 = 2006

Circe / Volage, Declarations - ® Declarations Circe Volage F ® Declarations X/Y E

Circe + Platzwechselcirce n Bei einem Schlagfeld verdoppelt sich (u.U.) der geschlagene Stein [Er wird zugleich circegemäß und platzwechselcircegemäß wiedergeboren. [Janusz Skrzek, 2635 Probleemblad IX-X/1994, S. 94] ® E

Circe + Reformschach n. (® Eigencirce) [D. Müller] ® E

Circe Assassin F Wie Circe, wenn aber das Ursprungsfeld des Schlagopfers besetzt ist, so entsteht er dennoch auf diesem Feld wieder und schlägt dabei den Stein, der das Ursprungsfeld besetzt (egal, welche Farbe dieser Stein hat). Verdeutlichende Anmerkungen: (a) Steine auf ihrem Ursprungsfeld decken sich selbst. (b) Steht ein König auf dem Ursprungsfeld eines Steines X, kann ein Schachgebot auch dadurch gegeben werden, dass man droht, einen Stein X zu schlagen. (c) Schlägt ein Stein A einen Stein X auf dessen Ursprungsfeld, so entsteht X auf demselben Feld neu und schlägt dabei A. Beispiel: Spielt in der Stellung wLf1/sDa1 Schwarz den Zug Da1x Lf1, so entsteht nach diesem Zug die Stellung wLf1 (die sD ist verschwunden). [erfunden von Roméo Bédoni 1978, aber Erstabdruck hier: Rex Multiplex 42-43 in Phénix 22-23, IX 1993, S. 2200, S. 2199-2203] ®

Circe atomique F ® Circe nucleaire [Stefan Klebes] ® Atomcirce

Circe Castellari nDE [abfallender Akzent auf dem i!] ® Platzwechselcirce

Circe Chess E Captured men are replaced on their supposed squares of orig[Rook, Bishop, and Knight on a square of the same color as that on which they are captured, Pawns on the same file as that on which they were taken, pieces obtained by promotion as for other pieces.Kings cannot be captured.If the replacement square is occupied the captured man is removed from the board in the usual way.A man cannot be taken if its replacement would place the capturer in check.. [LH] ® Circe-Schach

Circe Clône F Ein geschlagener Stein nimmt die Gangart des schlagenden Steines an und wird dann als solcher wiedergeboren. Schlägt ein König, wird das Schlagopfer nicht transformiert, sondern wie bei ® Circe wiedergeboren. [R. Bedoni, Rex Multiplex (38) in Phénix (18) IX 1992 S. 1730]

Circe Cohabitant F Wie Circe, wenn aber das Ursprungsfeld des Schlagopfers besetzt ist, so entsteht er dennoch auf diesem Feld wieder. Beide Steine stehen dann simultan auf diesem Feld, sie bleiben dabei aber getrennt und unabhängig voneinander, fusionieren also nicht. Beide können einzeln wieder das Feld verlassen (es gibt keinen gemeinsamen Zug). Stehen zwei oder mehrere Steine gleicher Farbe auf einem Feld, kann ein gegnerischer Stein, indem er auf dieses Feld ziehen, alle diese Steine schlagen. Solange Steine beider Parteien auf dem betreffenden Feld stehen, darf kein weiterer Stein dieses Feld betreten) [Jacques Rotenberg; Erstabdruck: Rex Multiplex 42-43 in Phénix 22-23, IX 1993, S. 2203]

Circe coucou F Kuckuckscirce: Geschlagene Steine werden auf dem Ursprungsfeld des schlagenden Steines gemäß ® Circe wiedergeboren. Wandelt sich ein Bauer mit Schlag um, so entsteht die geschlagene Figur auf dem Ursprungsfeld des soeben erwandelten Offiziers. Wird ein Bauer von einem Offizier geschlagen, so entsteht er umgewandelt auf dessen Ursprungsfeld, wobei die Wahl der Umwandlungsfigur bei der Partei des Bauern liegt. Ein solcher Bauernschlag ist (auch im ® Hilfsspiel) verboten, wenn durch irgendeine Umwandlung ein illegales ® Selbstschach der schlagenden Partei entstehen könnte. [P. Monreal, British Chess Magazine III 1979 S. 141]® Kuckucks-Circe

Circe Couscous = Couscouscirce: Wie ® Circé Coucou, jedoch bestimmt beim Schlag eines Bauern durch einen Offizier die schlagende Partei die Umwandlungsfigur des gegnerischen Bauern. Natürlich darf die Umwandlungsfigur nicht so gewählt werden, dass es zu einem illegalen ® Selbstschach käme. [N. Geissler, Problemkiste (87/88) VII 1993 S. 56-57]

Circe diagramme F A captured piece is reborn on the square it was on the diagram) E ®

Circe Doppelspione mp [Erfinder: P. Monreal, Erstveröffentlichung: Aufsatz von F. Calvet & P. Monreal, erste Beispielaufgabe: R. Bedoni] ® Circe Double Spy E

Circe Double Spy E ® Circe Doppelspione

Circe E ® Circe

Circe Échange F ® Platzwechselcirce

Circe éphémere, Volcanic - F ® Volcanic Circe éphémere

Circe Equipollents pF Der geschlagene Stein wird auf jenem Feld wiedergeboren, das symmetrisch zum Ausgangsfeld des Schlägers liegt. Als Symmetriepunkt gilt das Schlagfeld, sodass die Bewegung der schlagenden Figur und die (virtuelle) Bewegung der wiedergeborenen Figur wie der einschrittige Stoß im ® Dynamoschach wirken. [R. Bedoni, diagrammes (33) V-VI 1978 S. 579; feenschach (119) I-IX 1996 S. 199] ® Circe

Circe FDE Mit Ausnahme des Königs werden geschlagene Steine auf ein der Partieanfangsstellung entsprechendes Ursprungsfeld (= „Repulsfeld“) rückversetzt. Turm, Läufer und Springer werden dabei auf das mit dem Schlagfeld gleichfarbige Ursprungsfeld, Bauern auf das Ursprungsfeld derselben Linie wie das Schlagfeld, Märchenfiguren als fiktiv durch Märchenumwandlung entstanden auf das Umwandlungsfeld derselben Linie wie das Schlagfeld, neutrale Steine auf das Ursprungsfeld im Lager der Partei, gegen die geschlagen wurde, rückversetzt. Die Regel gilt auch, wenn der Stein gar nicht von seinem „Ursprungsfeld“ gekommen sein kann. Ist es besetzt, verschwindet der geschlagene Stein vom Brett. [P. Monreal, 1967] ® Circe E® Circé F

Circe Hilo E ® Circehilo

Circe hydres bicolores F Ein Schlagfall führt circeartig zu zwei Wiedergeburten: a) Wie bei Circe wird der geschlagene Stein wiedergeboren; b) ein zum geschlagenen Stein homologer gegnerischer Stein (also ein Stein derselben Farbe wie der Schlagtäter) wird wiedergeboren, z.B. wLe1, wDc4, sLd4; 1.Dxd4 [Ld4 ® f8 &Le1® c1]. Ist kein solcher homologer gegnerischer Stein vorhanden, wird er generiert, entsteht also auf seinem Ursprungsfeld neu. (Was passiert, wenn zwei oder mehr homologe gegnerische Steine vorhanden sind?) [G. Balbo, zit: Rex Multiplex 3, VII-IX/1982, S. 70] ® Circe Hydres Bicolores pF

Circe kamikaze F ® Circe kamikaze Capturing and captured pieces are reborn (not Kings). If the rebirth square is the same for the two pieces only the capturing piece is reborn. ®

Circe malefique F Spiegelcirce: ein geschlagener Stein wird auf dem Ursprungsfeld des gleichartigen gegnerischen Steins wiedergeboren.

Circe malefique kamikaze FE ®

Circe malefique volcanique F ®

Circe man E ® Circestein

Circe martien F Units capture and check only from their rebirth square and they are reborn only to capture. The captured unit vanishes. ® Mars-Circe ® E

Circe mate aE ® circematt a

Circe Mate E ® Circematt

Circe mit allen Schikanen fp ® Circe with all the trimmings pE

Circe mit allen Schikanen, rex inclusiv a [H. Schiegl, Krumme Hunde, Erster Wurf S. 24, Nr. 40] ® Circe with all the trimmings, rex inclusiv E

Circe Monochrome FE A captured unit may be reborn on a sq. of a different colour (P, Q); the Circe rule takes priority. Monochrome Circe - a capture is illegal if the captured unit would be reborn on a sq. of different colour (Monochrome rule holds also for rebirths). [Ronal Turnbull, F1348 The Problemist XI/1992, S. 122/123] ®

Circe mutant X FE Nach einem Schlagfall wird der geschlagene Stein vor der circegemäßen Wiedergeburt auf seinem Ursprungsfeld in X verwandelt. z.B. Circe mutant Heuschrecke, 1.wLxsD(sHd8)! [F. Calvet, Phénix 7, VIII/1989] ®

Circe nucleaire F ® Circe atomique F = Atomcirce [S. Klebes] ® E

Circe obeissants F Supercirce mit Versetzungspflicht [R. Bédoni, 1982 ® Rex Multiplex 15-16, VII-XII/1985] ® E

Circe Parachuté F Wie Circe, wenn aber das Ursprungsfeld des Schlagopfers besetzt ist, so entsteht er dennoch auf diesem Feld wieder. Dabei kommt er auf dem Stein zu stehen, der dort stand. Dieser Stein kann dann nicht ziehen, solange der wiedergeborene Stein nicht wegzog. ® Volcanic Circe, das analog ist, nur dass der geschlagene Stein unter dem auf dem Ursprungsfeld stehenden Stein wiedergeboren wird. [Roméo Bédoni, Erstabdruck: Rex Multiplex 42-43 in Phénix 22-23, IX 1993, S. 2202 ® 2199-2203] ® E

Circe Parrain F Paracirce jovien strict rex inclusiv = Bei einem Schlag wird die geschlagene Figur unmittelbar wiedergeboren, nachdem ein weiterer Stein der Partei des geschlagenen Steines gezogen hat. Dabei ist die Linie zwischen Schlagfeld und Wiedergeburtsfeld parallel zu der Zuglinie zwischen Start- und Zielfeld des „weiteren“ Steines, wobei die beiden parallelen Vektoren gleichlang sind. Bei einem En-passant-Schlag gilt als Schlagfeld jenes Feld, auf dem sich der schlagende Bauer nach dem Schlag befindet. Ist der „weitere“ Zug eine Rochade, wird eine additive Kombination der Züge von König und Turm bei der Wiedergeburt berücksichtigt. Ein Bauer kann auch auf der ersten und achten Reihe wiedergeboren werden. Von der eigenen Offiziersgrundreihe aus kann er einschrittig ziehen; bei Wiedergeburt auf der gegnerischen Offiziersgrundreihe wandelt er sich um; dabei entscheidet die Partei des Bauern über die Art der Umwandlung. [J. Auclair, Rex Multiplex (27) in Phénix (7) VIII 1989 S. 613-614] ® rex inclusiv = Flintenschach ® Paracirce X ® Paracirce X ® E

Circe piece E ® Circefigur

Circe promoters pE Betritt ein Stein das Ursprungsfeld eines gegnerischen Steines, wird er sofort (als Teil des Zuges) in diesen verwandelt. [feenschach 83, IV-VI/1987, S. 94] ® Wandelschach, (ähnlich): ® Promotions Circe E

Circe protée ascendant aF = CPA = Chamäleoncirce Bauer inclusiv (aufsteigend) Geschlagene Steine werden nicht auf ihrem eigenen Ursprungsfeld wiedergeboren, sondern auf dem des nächsten Steines in der Serie B-S-L-T-D-B-...; ®. Chamäleonbauer ® Circe protée descendant F = CPD = Chamäleoncirce Bauer inclusiv (absteigend). [J. P. Boyer, Rex Multiplex 15-16, VII-XII/1985, S. 482-483] ® E

Circe protée descendant aF = CPD = Chamäleoncirce Bauer inclusiv (absteigend] Geschlagene Steine werden nicht auf ihrem eigenen Ursprungsfeld wiedergeboren, sondern auf dem des nächsten Steines in der Serie B-D-T-L-S-B-... ®

Circe repuls E ® Circe-Repuls

Circe rex inclusiv + Volcanic Circe. E = Volcanic Circe rex inclusiv ED [Hans Gruber]

Circe rex inclusiv a Die ® Circe-Bedingung wird auf die Könige mit ihren Repulsfeldern e1 bzw. e8 ausgeweitet. Ein Matt ist nur möglich, wenn das Repulsfeld eines Königs im Schach von ihm selbst oder einem anderen Stein besetzt ist. [= „Circe mit allen Schikanen“; H. Schiegl, 40. Krumme Hunde. Erster Wurf& S. 24]® Circe Rex Inclusiv E

Circe Shock Absorber E ® Circe-Stoßdämpfer

Circe strict + Immunschach E A unit may only be captured if its rebirth square is vacant. ®

Circe symétriques F Ein geschlagener Stein wird circegemäß auf dem punktsymmetrisch bezüglich des Brettmittelpunktes zum Schlagfeld liegenden Feld wiedergeboren. ® Circe symetrique - A captured piece is reborn on the symmetrical square of the capture square in relation to the center of the board. [R. Bédoni, diagrammes 33, V-VI/1978, S. 579] ® E

Circe turncoats pE Wird ein Stein geschlagen, wird er als Teil des Schlagzuges zunächst auf seinem Ursprungsfeld wiedergeboren und wechselt dann seine Farbe. Dies ist also so etwas wie das Gegenteil von Circe Doppelspione. [P. Monréal & R. Bédoni, British Chess Magazine, III/1979, S. 141]

Circe volcanique aF ® Volcanic Circe Like Circe but when the rebirth square is occupied the captured unit is reborn after the evacuation of this square.

Circe with all the trimmings pE ® Circe mit allen Schikanen

Circe with all the trimmings, rex inclusiv pE ® Circe mit allen Schikanen, rex inclusiv

Circe X Jovien F Auch hiermit soll nichts Neues erfunden, sondern vielmehr ein Ordnungssystem für Circeabarten zur Verfügung gestellt werden [Rex Multiplex 26 in Phénix 6, VI/1989, S. 508-509]. X steht für den Modus der Wiedergeburt. Kontrolliert ein Stein das Wiedergeburtsfeld eines gegnerischen Steines, kann er diesen im nächsten Zug schlagen” und dabei dessen Wiedergeburtsfeld besetzen (in anderen Worten: Durch Betreten eines Wiedergeburtsfeldes wird der dort ”beheimatete” Stein geschlagen). Dies geht nur, wenn das Wiedergeburtsfeld leer ist oder wenn der entsprechende zu schlagende Stein darauf steht. Es kann nur eine Figur pro Zug geschlagen werden; sind mehrere Schlagfälle mit Betreten desselben Wiedergeburtsfeldes denkbar, entscheidet die schlagende Partei, welcher Stein geschlagen wird. ”X” markiert den Modus der Wiedergeburt des schlagenden Steines; für ”X” kann stehen: X = .. / Wiedergeburt des Schlagtäters auf .. [-] / dem Wiedergeburtsfeld des Schlagtäters coucou / dem Wiedergeburtsfeld des Schlagopfers diagramme / dem Diagrammfeld des Schlagtäters malefique / jenem dem Wiedergeburtsfeld des Schlagtäters korresponierenden Wiedergeburtsfeld beim Gegner [C. Poisson, Rex Multiplex 23-24 in Phénix 3-4, XII/1988, S. 285-287] Zu jeder Circe X Jovien-Form gibt es auch eine ® Paracirce X Jovien-Form

Circe, Alternative - ® Alternative a Circe E

Circe, Anti- ® Anticirce

Circe, Anti- mit allen Schikanen ® Anticirce mit allen Schikanen p

Circe, Anti- nach den neuesten Erkenntnissen ® Anticirce nach den neuesten Erkenntnissen p

Circe, Augsburger Spray - ® Augsburger Spray-Circe

Circe, Brettdrehung- ® Brettdrehung-Circe

Circe, Bumerang- ® Bumerang Circe

Circe, Coucou - ® Circe Coucou F

Circe, Couscous - ® Couscous Circe FE

Circe, Eigen- ® Eigencirce

Circe, Elsässisches - ® Elsässisches a Circe

Circe, Elsässisches Platzwechsel- ® Elsässisches a Platzwechselcirce

Circe, Flinten- ® Flintencirce

Circe, Game- ® Gamecirce

Circe, Hydra- ® Hydracirce

Circe, Kamikaze- ® Kamikaze Circe DE ® Oppo-cancellation chess E ® Destructive a chess E

Circe, Kannibalen- ® Kannibalen-Circe

Circe, Kontakt- ® Circe-Kontakt

Circe, Malefiz- ® Malefiz-Circe ® Cuckoo Circe ® Mirror Circe E

Circe, Mars- ® Mars Circe E

Circe, Mono- ® Mono Circe E

Circe, Monochromatisches - ® Monochromatisches a Circe

Circe, Mutant - ® Mutant Circe E

Circe, normaler -Schlagfall ® normaler a Circe-Schlagfall

Circe, Normales - ® Normales a Circe

Circe, Platzwechsel- ® Platzwechselcirce ® Chimaeric Chess E

Circe, Problem- ® Problem-Circe

Circe, Promotion Hydra- ® Promotion Hydra-Circe E

Circe, Spiegel- ® Spiegel-Circe n ® Cuckoo Circe E ® Mirror Circe E ® Malefiz-Circe

Circe, Strict ~ ® Strict a Circe E

Circe, Super- ® Supercirce EnD

Circe, Ultra- ® Ultracirce

Circe, Volcanic - ® Volcanic a Circe E

Circe-Feld, Magisches - ® Magisches Circe-Feld

Circe-Figur f ® Circe piece E

Circehilo n ® Circe Hilo E

Circe-Kamikaze EnD

Circe-King E ® Circe-König

Circe-König m ® Circe-King E

Circe-Malefiz n Spiegel-Circe. [Monréal] ® Cuckoo Circe E = Mirror circe E

circematt a ® Circe mate aE

Circematt n ® Circe Mate E

Circe-Offiziere mp Rex m inclusiv a ® E

Circe-Repuls m ® Circe repuls E

Circeschach n ® Circe Chess E ® Broschüre Variationen des Schachspiels Q DSJ

Circeschach, progressives - ® progressives a Circeschach

Circeschlagfall m ® E

Circeschlagfall m, normaler a - ® normaler a Circeschlagfall

Circestein m ® Circe man E

Circe-Stoßdämpfer m ® Circe Shock Absorber E

Circewiedergeburt f ® Circe reincarnation (?) E

Circle Chess E ® Kreisschach

Circler E ®

Circular Chess E ® Circular-Schach

Circular-Schach n ® Circular Chess E

Ciric, Dragoljub GM YUG, ELO VI 1998 = 2340

Ciric, Dragoljub, Yugoslav IGM, born. IM 1961. GM 1965. E [BW] = 1935.11.12

ciritical move E ® Kritischer a Zug

Cirjakovic, Branislav K, *1939, YU

Cisar, Vaclav K, *4.10.1879-11.03.1957, CSR

Cisler, Petr, ELO IV 1997 = 2177

Citadel chess invented. Extra square at each corner. E [BW] = 1330

Citadellenschach n ® E

Citeroni, L. C. K, GB

Citroen-Handbuch - Schach in Deutschland 1993/94. Q 310 Seiten - kartoniert - Kleinformat - DSB & Nickel 1993

City Champion E

City of London Chess Club Championship, Bird 1st. E [BW] = 1879.08

City of London Chess Magazine published by Potter. E [BW] = 1874

City of London Chess Magazine, The ~ ® The City of London Chess Magazine Q

City of the year, Chess ~ - ® Chess City of the year E

City-Champion CEmD ® Bezirksmeister C ® Bezirksliga C

Ciuksyte, Dagne IM LTU, ELO VI 1998 = 2240

civil servants pE Bauern der a- und h-Reihe ® Pensionär

Civil War pamphlet called The Game at Chess published. E [BW] = 1643

CIVIS BONONIAI, collection of chess problems, incorporated in Florentine manuscript. E [BW] = 1440

CIVIS; Best copy of Civis Bononiae's manuscript made. Now in Modena. E [BW] = 1454

Cko-is-empty EC ® Schlüssel (CKO) ist leer C

CL = Ceylon / Sri Lanka

Claassen, Jörg, ELO IV 1997 = 2026

Cladouras, Panagiotis IM GER, ELO IV 1997 = 2413, VI 1998 = 2360

Cladouras, Panagiotis, ELO

Claesen, Jeroen FM BEL, ELO VI 1998 = 2330

Claesen, Pieter IM BEL, ELO VI 1998 = 2410

Clam Variation E C20 1.d3 e5 2.e4. ® King Pawn Game - Clam Variation E C20

Clam: King‘s Gambit Reversed E C20 1.e4 e5 2.d3 f5. ® King Pawn Game - Clam: King‘s Gambit Reversed E C20

Clare, E. K

Clare-Benedict-Mannschaftsturnier, Internationales - ® Internationales a Clare-Benedict-Mannschaftsturnier

Clark, W. A. K, GB

Clarke, Peter born in London. 2nd in Br ch 5 times. IMC 1976; IA 1976; GMC 1980; FM 1984. E [BW] = 1933.03.18

Clarke, Richard, creator of the British system of grading, born in England. E [BW] = 1910.08.13

Clarke, Richard, creator of the British system of grading, died in London. E [BW] = 1975.06.21

Claryfying a Piece E Kann weder schlagen noch Schach bieten. Jeder Stein, der von ihm beobachtet wird, wird (temporär) transparent, andere Steine (Langschrittler) können also durch ihn hindurchziehen. [N. S. Ram, The Problemist, XI/1989, S. 128]

class E ® Klasse

Claß, Wolfgang, D, ELO VII 1998 = 2430

classement F ® Turnieraufstellung ® Turnierstand

Classic chess problems by pioneer composers Q & (21cm x 14cm, 109pp). 155 problems, almost entirely direct mates, with commentary. Dover, New York, 1970. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod. BCPS Library Catalogue, 25 Jul 96: Published books and pamphlets Page 31. [BL]

classic chess problems, 200 - ® 200 classic chess problems EQ

Classica de Problemas Professor Valladao Monteiro, Prova ~ Q ® Prova Classica de Problemas Professor Valladao Monteiro Q

classical (Cordel) defence, Ruy Lopez E = C64 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 f8c5 [JM] ®

classical (two knights) system, Pirc E = B08 1.e2e4 d7d6 d2d4 g8f6 b1c3 g7g6 g1f3 (f8g7) [JM] ®

classical attack, Berger Variation, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 d6d5 f1d3 f8e7 e1g1 b8c6 f1e1 c8g4 c2c3 f7f5 b1d2 [JM] ®

classical attack, Chigorin Variation, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 d6d5 f1d3 f8e7 e1g1 b8c6 f1e1 [JM] ®

classical attack, close Variation, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 e4f6 [JM] ®

classical attack, Jaenisch Variation, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 d6d5 f1d3 f8e7 e1g1 b8c6 c2c4 [JM] ®

classical attack, Krause Variation, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 d6d5 f1d3 f8e7 e1g1 b8c6 f1e1 c8g4 c2c3 f7f5 c3c4 [JM] ®

classical attack, Maroczy Variation, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 d6d5 f1d3 f8e7 e1g1 b8c6 f1e1 c8g4 c2c3 f7f5 c3c4 e7h4 [JM] ®

classical attack, Marshall trap, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 d6d5 f1d3 f8d6 e1g1 e8g8 c2c4 c8g4 c4d5 f7f5 f1e1 d6h2 [JM] ®

classical attack, Marshall Variation, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 d6d5 f1d3 f8d6 [JM] ®

classical attack, Mason Variation, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 d6d5 f1d3 f8e7 e1g1 e8g8 [JM] ®

classical attack, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 [JM] ®

classical attack, Tarrasch Variation, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f3 f6e4 d2d4 d6d5 f1d3 f8d6 e1g1 e8g8 c2c4 c8g4 [JM] ®

classical counter-gambit, King‘s Gambit Declined E = C30 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 f8c5 g1f3 d7d6 c2c3 f7f5 [JM] ®

classical cutting-point combination E ® klassische Schnittpunktkombination

Classical Defence (Ruy Lopez) E ® Cordel-Verteidigung (Spanische Partie)

Classical defence deferred, Ruy Lopez E = C70 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 a7a6 b5a4 f8c5 [JM] ®

classical defence, 4.c3, Ruy Lopez E = C64 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 f8c5 c2c3 [JM] ®

classical defence, Benelux Variation, Ruy Lopez E = C64 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 f8c5 c2c3 g8f6 e1g1 e8g8 d2d4 c5b6 [JM] ®

classical defence, Boden Variation, Ruy Lopez E = C64 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 f8c5 c2c3 d8e7 [JM] ®

classical defence, Charousek Variation, Ruy Lopez E = C64 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 f8c5 c2c3 c5b6 [JM] ®

classical defence, Zaitsev Variation, Ruy Lopez E = C64 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 f8c5 e1g1 c6d4 b2b4 [JM] ®

Classical Main Line (French Defence) E ® Klassische Hauptvariante (Französische Verteidigung)

Classical System (French Defence) E ® Klassisches System (Französische Verteidigung)

Classical System (King‘s Indian Defence) E ® Klassisches System (Königsindisch)

Classical System (Sicilian Defence) E ® Klassisches System (Sizilianisch n)

Classical System (Two Knights‘ Defence) E ® Klassisches System (Zweispringerspiel)

Classical System and Stonewall (Dutch Defence) E ® Klassisches System und Stonewall (Holländische Verteidigung)

Classical System E B45 ® Klassische Variante B45

Classical System E B72 ® Klassische Variante B72

classical system, 5.Be2, Pirc E = B08 1.e2e4 d7d6 d2d4 g8f6 b1c3 g7g6 g1f3 f8g7 f1e2 [JM] ®

Classical System, Deviations (Dutch Defence) E ® Klassisches System, Abweichungen p (Holländische Verteidigung)

Classical Variation (5.Bf4), Queen‘s Gambit Declined E = D37 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 g8f6 g1f3 f8e7 c1f4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation E B08 ® Klassische Variante B08

Classical Variation E E32-E39 ® Klassische Variante E32-E39

Classical Variation E E80-E89 ® Klassische Variante E80-E89

Classical Variation, 4.c3, King‘s Gambit Declined E = C30 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 f8c5 g1f3 d7d6 c2c3 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, 6...a6, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D27 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 e1g1 a7a6 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, 6.O-O, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D26 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 e1g1 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, 7...b5, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D28 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 e1g1 a7a6 d1e2 (b7b5) [JM] ®

Classical Variation, 8...Bb7, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D29 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 e1g1 a7a6 d1e2 b7b5 c4b3 c8b7 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Adorjan gambit, Nimzo-Indian E = E32 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 e8g8 a2a3 b4c3 c2c3 b7b5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Alapin Variation, French E = C14 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 e4e5 f6d7 g5e7 d8e7 c3b5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Anderssen Variation            e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 g5f6, French E = C13 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 g5f6 e7f6 e4e5 f6e7 d1g4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Bishop‘s opening E = C23 1.e2e4 e7e5 f1c4 f8c5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Botvinnik Variation, Nimzo-Indian E = E36 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 d7d5 a2a3 b4c3 c2c3 b8c6 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Dutch E = A96 1.d2d4 f7f5 c2c4 g8f6 g2g3 e7e6 f1g2 f8e7 g1f3 e8g8 e1g1 d7d6 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Flohr Variation, Caro-Kann E = B18 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 c8f5 e4g3 f5g6 g1h3 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Flohr Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D28 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 e1g1 a7a6 d1e2 b7b5 c4b3 b8c6 f1d1 c5c4 b3c2 c6b4 b1c3 b4c2 e2c2 c8b7 d4d5 d8c7 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Frankfurt Variation, French E = C13 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 e4e5 f6g8 g5e3 b7b6 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Furman Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D26 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 d1e2 a7a6 d4c5 f8c5 e1g1 b8c6 e3e4 b7b5 e4e5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Geller Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D27 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 e1g1 a7a6 e3e4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, h3 system, Pirc E = B08 1.e2e4 d7d6 d2d4 g8f6 b1c3 g7g6 g1f3 f8g7 h2h3 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Hanham Variation, King‘s Gambit Declined E = C30 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 f8c5 g1f3 d7d6 b1c3 b8d7 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Heath Variation, King‘s Gambit Declined E = C30 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 f8c5 g1f3 d7d6 b2b4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, King‘s Gambit Declined E = C30 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 f8c5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, King‘s Indian E = E92 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 g7g6 b1c3 f8g7 e2e4 d7d6 g1f3 e8g8 f1e2 e7e5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Maroczy attack, Caro-Kann E = B18 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 c8f5 e4g3 f5g6 f2f4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Marshall attack, King‘s Gambit Declined E = C30 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 f8c5 g1f3 d7d6 c2c3 c8g4 f4e5 d6e5 d1a4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Milner-Barry (Zurich) Variation, Nimzo-Indian E = E33 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 b8c6 g1f3 d7d6 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Nimzovich-Larsen attack E = A01 1.b2b3 d7d5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Noa Variation, 5.a3, Nimzo-Indian E = E36 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 d7d5 a2a3 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Noa Variation, 5.cd ed, Nimzo-Indian E = E35 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 d7d5 c4d5 e6d5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Noa Variation, main line, 7.Qc2, Nimzo-Indian E = E37 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 d7d5 a2a3 b4c3 c2c3 f6e4 c3c2 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Noa Variation, main line, Nimzo-Indian E = E36 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 d7d5 a2a3 b4c3 c2c3 f6e4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Noa Variation, Nimzo-Indian E = E34 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 d7d5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Pirc Variation, Nimzo-Indian E = E39 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 c7c5 d4c5 e8g8 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Pollock Variation, French E = C14 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 e4e5 f6d7 g5e7 d8e7 d1g4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D26 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Reti Variation, King‘s Gambit Declined E = C30 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 f8c5 g1f3 d7d6 c2c3 f7f5 f4e5 d6e5 d2d4 e5d4 f1c4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Rubinstein Variation, French E = C14 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 e4e5 f6d7 g5e7 d8e7 d1d2 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Rubinstein Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D27 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 e1g1 a7a6 a2a4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, San Remo Variation, Nimzo-Indian E = E37 1.d2d4 g8f6 c2c4 e7e6 b1c3 f8b4 d1c2 d7d5 a2a3 b4c3 c2c3 f6e4 c3c2 b8c6 e2e3 e6e5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Smyslov Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D29 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 e1g1 a7a6 d1e2 b7b5 c4b3 c8b7 f1d1 b8d7 b1c3 f8d6 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Soldatenkov Variation, King‘s Gambit Declined E = C30 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 f8c5 g1f3 d7d6 f4e5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Spassky Variation, Caro-Kann E = B19 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 d5e4 c3e4 c8f5 e4g3 f5g6 h2h4 h7h6 g1f3 b8d7 h4h5 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Stahlberg Variation, French E = C14 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 e4e5 f6d7 g5e7 d8e7 f2f4 e8g8 g1f3 c7c5 d1d2 b8c6 e1c1 c5c4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Steinitz Variation, French E = C14 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 e4e5 f6d7 g5e7 d8e7 f2f4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Steinitz Variation, Queen‘s Gambit Accepted E = D26 1.d2d4 d7d5 c2c4 d5c4 g1f3 g8f6 e2e3 e7e6 f1c4 c7c5 e1g1 c5d4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Svenonius Variation, King‘s Gambit Declined E = C30 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 f8c5 g1f3 d7d6 b1c3 g8f6 f1c4 b8c6 d2d3 c8g4 h2h3 g4f3 d1f3 e5f4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Tarrasch Variation, French E = C14 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 e4e5 f6d7 g5e7 d8e7 f1d3 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Tartakower Variation, French E = C13 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 e4e5 f6e4 [JM] ®

Classical Variation, Vistaneckis (Nimzovich) Variation, French E = C13 1.e2e4 e7e6 d2d4 d7d5 b1c3 g8f6 c1g5 f8e7 e4e5 f6g8 [JM] ®

classics of the chessboard EQ ® 100 classics of the chessboard EQ (Dickins & Ebert)

classification code E ® Klassifikationsschlüssel

Classification error EC ® Klassifikationsfehler C

classification of chess openings pE ® Klassifizierung von Schacheröffnungen p

Classify CE ® Zuordnen CD

Classify-err CE ® Classification error E ® Klassifikationsfehler

Claus, Caroline FM GER, ELO VI 1998 = 2155

Claus, Caroline, ELO IV 1997 = 2154

Clausen Memorial Q

Clausen, Lars K, *8.04.1935, D

Clausen, Sigurd K, *4.01.1900-13.01.1965, S

Clauß, Andreas, D, ELO VII 1998 = 2240

Clauss, Andreas, ELO IV 1997 = 2021

Claussen, Jens K, DK

Claussen, Uwe, ELO IV 1997 = 2107

Clé, La - ® La Clé FQ

clean score E (100 %) E A perfect 100% score ® 100 Prozent = 100 % ®

Clean up E ®

Clear board E ®

Clearance E [SC] ® Clearance A piece moving along a line to make room for another piece on the same line, often involving a sacrifice. ® Räumung

clearance in stages E ® Stufenbahnung

clearance motif E ® Bahnungsmotiv

clearance sacrifice E ® Opfer-Bahnung ® Bahnungsopfer ® Räumungsopfer

Clear-Board CE ® Brett leeren vC

Cleemann, Arnold, D, ELO VII 1998 = 2199

Clegg, D. K, *1962, GB

Cleland, Robert Alexander K, *1854-6.07.1923, NZ

Cleland, Robert born in New Zealand. Won the 12th NZ Ch in 1899. E [BW] = 1854

Cleland, Robert died in Dunedin, New Zealand. Won the 12th NZ Ch in 1899. E [BW] = 1923.07.06

Clemens, Frank, ELO IV 1997 = 2064

Clement Gomez, Jose A. FM ESP, ELO VI 1998 = 2305

Clemenz opening E (= Mead‘s, Basman‘s or de Klerk‘s opening) = A00 1.h2h3 [JM] ® Mead‘s, opening E ® Basman‘s opening E ® de Klerk‘s opening E

Clemenz Opening E A00 / Creepy Crawly Formation E A00 E ® Clemenz-Eröffnung A00 / Creepy-Crawly Formation A00

Clemenz Opening E A00 1.h3. There really is no point to this move. It weakens the kingside, and all Black has to do is choose an opening which does not involve placing a piece at g4. 1...e5. 2.e4 Mead loses his nerve, and reverts to a standard opening. 2...Nf6; 3.Nc3 Bc5; 4.Bc4 So far we have a reversed Italian Game, where the move h2-h3 performs some small useful function keeping pieces out of g4. But in the Evans Gambit, that is not a key part of the strategy, so Morphy jumps right in. 4...b5!?; 5.Bxb5 c6; 6.Ba4; 0-0; 7.Nge2. [UO]

Clemenz Opening, Spike Lee Gambit = E 1.h3 h5 2.g4 = A00 [GL]

Clemenz, Hermann born in Tartu, Estonia. Clemenz Opening. E [BW] = 1846.01.23

Clemenz, Hermann died in Tartu, Estonia. Clemenz Opening. E [BW] = 1908.03.28

Clemenz-Eröffnung f A00 / Creepy Crawly Formation E A00 ® Clemenz Opening / Creepy Crawly Formation E A00

Clensky Zpravodaj Kotva Q

Clermont-Ferrand Open 20.02.97. FRA 1.1b-Zone

Cleveland Chess Bulletin Q

Cleveland weekend chess congress E 1995 ® 17th Cleveland weekend chess congress E 1995

clever dodge E ® kluger a Schachzug (figurativ)

Clever&Smart C [Meyer-Kahlen] ® IPCC-Turnier

Clever, Gerd, ELO IV 1997 = 2337

Click „Test“ to do a quick check on the graphics performance of your system CE ® Klicken Sie auf “Test Grafik”, um die Leistungsfähigkeit Ihres Rechners zu testen. C

Click-for-Check CE ®

Clique E Eine Illegale Teilposition - kann ”minimal illegality” genannt werden - mit folgenden Eigenschaften: (a) Der Grund für die Illegalität kann auch durch Hinzufügen einer beliebigen Zahl weiterer Steine nicht behoben werden. (b) Der Grund für die Illegalität kann behoben werden, wenn irgendein Stein entfernt wird. Nicht zu verwechseln mit dem ”illegal cluster” [T. R. Dawson, 1933), das stets eine komplette Stellung ist und das durch Hinzufügen beliebiger Steine oft legalisiert werden könnte. [Chessics 19, S. 32 ?] ® E

C-Lizenz f ® C-Licence E

Clock 1 E ® Uhr ® Pendule F ® Reloj S

Clock 2 E a) A timer for players, having a dial for each player on which his or her accumulated time is recorded and a device for stopping one timer and starting the other at the end of each move. (1885–90) [CC] b) A device used in chess to limit the time spent thinking by both players. Commonly used time controls are 5-minutes a game (Blitz), 30-minutes a game (Action Chess), 90 minutes for 40 moves, and 2 hours for 40 moves) E ® Uhr ® Schachuhr

Clock Chess E Die Steine ziehen im Uhrzeigersinn um das Brettzentrum herum, sodass sie während ihrer Züge immer das Zentrum rechterhand behalten. Ein König auf b4 kann also nach a4, a5, b5 oder c5 ziehen. Ein Turm auf b4 kann nach a4, b5, b6, b7 oder b8 ziehen. Es ist offensichtlich, dass kein Stein entlang der großen Diagonalen in irgendeiner Richtung ziehen darf. Solche Züge würden im Uhrzeigersinn nicht vorankommen, sondern der Stein würde nur auf dem Brett herumgammeln. Für Mathematiker: Stellungen auf dem Brett werden hier über Polarkoordinaten betrachtet, nicht über kartesianische Koordinaten. [The Problemist, Fairy Chess Supplement, II/1936]

clock, chess- E ® chess Clock. The first mechanical chess clock was invented by Thomas Wilson in 1883. Prior to that, sandglasses were used. Sandglasses were first used in London in 1862. The present day push-button clock was first perfected by Veenhoff in 1900. The first electronic chess club was manufactured in Kiev in 1964. [CT] ® chess Clock ® Schachuhr D ®

Clock, Fischer Chess - ® Fischer Chess Clock E

CLOCK; 1st electronic clock manufactured in Kiev. E [BW] = 1964

CLOCK; Present-day push-button chess clock perfected by Veenhoff. E [BW] = 1900

clockwise E ® rechtsdrehend D ® Im Uhrzeigersinn

Clockwork Chess nE Uhrwerkschach: Ist der ”Mechanismus” aufgezogen, ziehen alle Steine sofort und zwar in Einzelschritten, also auf Nachbarfelder. Jedes Ticken des Mechanismus ist Startsignal für einen Einzelschritt jedes Steines auf dem Brett. Beim nächsten Ticken muss jeder Zug in dieselbe Richtung weitergeführt werden, wenn möglich; ansonsten ist ein beliebiger legaler Richtungswechsel möglich (dieser tritt auch auf, wenn ein Stein den Rand erreicht). Treffen zwei gegnerische Bauern so aufeinander, dass sie einander blockieren, wird der Mechanismus aus dem durcheinandergebracht, das Spiel endet sofort. Jeder einzelne Zug muss für sich genommen legal sein. Ausnahme: Ein Springer macht beim ersten Ticken einen Zug auf ein orthogonales oder diagonales Nachbarfeld; beim zweiten Ticken zieht er so, dass der normale Springerzug vollendet wird. Gefesselte Steine können nicht ziehen; der König kann nicht auf ein vor dem Ticken vom Gegner bedrohtes Feld ziehen. Diagonal benachbarte Bauern schlagen einander entweder gegenseitig gleichzeitig, oder sie ziehen aneinander vorbei: Schwarz trifft hier grundsätzlich die Wahl. Es kann nicht en passant geschlagen werden; ein Schach darf nur beim Schlußmatt gegeben werden. Betreten zwei ungleichfarbige Steine simulatan dasselbe Feld, schlägt der ”ältere” Stein den ”jüngeren” (Altersreihenfolge: K-D-T-L-S-B). Haben beide Steine gleiches Alter, werden beide gleichzeitig geschlagen. Wird ein Stein von mehr als einem gegnerischen Stein (durch einen Einzelschritt) bedroht, klemmt der Mechanismus, das Spiel endet sofort. Zwei Steine gleicher Farbe können nie dasselbe Feld simultan betreten - in einem solchen Fall müssen beide ihre Richtung ändern. Ziel des Spieles ist Matt in n Ticks. [A. S. M. Dickins]

Clockwork Mouse fEC ® Uhrwerk-Maus ?

Clône, Circe- ® Circe-Clône F ®

Clone-Queen E

Close EC ® Schließen C

close Variation, Giuoco Piano E = C53 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1c4 f8c5 c2c3 d8e7 [JM] ®

Close Zigzag E ®

closed (10...c5), Ruy Lopez E = C96 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 a7a6 b5a4 g8f6 e1g1 f8e7 f1e1 b7b5 a4b3 e8g8 c2c3 d7d6 h2h3 c6a5 b3c2 c7c5 [JM] ® Geschlossene Verteidigung, Spanische Partie

closed (Breyer) Variation, Caro-Kann E = B10 1.e2e4 c7c6 d2d3 [JM] ® Geschlossene Breyer-Variante, Caro-Kann

closed Berlin defence, Bernstein Variation, Ruy Lopez E = C66 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 g8f6 e1g1 d7d6 d2d4 c8d7 b1c3 f8e7 c1g5 [JM] ® Geschlossene Berliner Verteidigung, Bernstein-Variante / Spanische Partie

closed Berlin defence, Chigorin Variation, Ruy Lopez E = C66 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 g8f6 e1g1 d7d6 d2d4 f6d7 [JM] ® Geschlossene Berliner Verteidigung, Tschigorin-Variante / Spanische Partie

closed Berlin defence, Showalter Variation, Ruy Lopez E = C66 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 g8f6 e1g1 d7d6 d2d4 c8d7 b1c3 f8e7 b5c6 [JM] ® Geschlossene Berliner Verteidigung, Showalter-Variante / Spanische Partie

closed Berlin defence, Wolf Variation, Ruy Lopez E = C66 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1b5 g8f6 e1g1 d7d6 d2d4 c8d7 b1c3 e5d4 [JM] ® Geschlossene Berliner Verteidigung, Wolf-Variante / Spanische Partie

closed file E A file that has at least one pawn of each color on it. ® geschlossene a Linie

Closed Game E ® closed games pE

closed games pE Games in which the center is blocked by pawns - generally resulting from 1.d4 and 1.c4 openings. [SC] A game where piece movement is restricted by interlocked pawn chains and play centers on positioning pieces outside of the center, in anticipation of the opening of the position. Most of the pieces are usually still on the board and are behind the pawns, which may impede their movement. ® Geschlossene Spiele p

closed line E ® geschlossene Linie

closed ring (cyclic) E ® geschlossener Ring

Closed Sicilian. Q Martinović / Drazic / Bodiroga. 53 Seiten - kartoniert - Belar 1994

Closed System (Grünfeld Defence) E ® Geschlossenes System (Grünfeld-Verteidigung)

Closed System (Ruy Lopez) E ® Geschlossenes System (Spanische Partie)

Closed System (Sicilian Defence) E ® Geschlossenes System (Sizilianisch )

closed system (without ...d6), English E = A25 1.c2c4 e7e5 b1c3 b8c6 g2g3 g7g6 f1g2 f8g7 d2d3 [JM] ® Geschlossenes System (ohne ...d6), Englische Partie

Closed System of the Sicilian Defence. EQ Schneider 120 Seiten - kartoniert - Editions Source 1995

closed system, English E = A25 1.c2c4 e7e5 b1c3 b8c6 g2g3 g7g6 f1g2 f8g7 [JM] ®

closed system, English E = A26 1.c2c4 e7e5 b1c3 b8c6 g2g3 g7g6 f1g2 f8g7 d2d3 d7d6 [JM] ®

closed Variation (Ruy Lopez) E ® Geschlossene Variante (Spanische Partie )

Closed Variation E B23-B26 ® Geschlossene Variante

Closed Variation E D94-D95 ® Geschlossene Variante

Closed Variation E E06-E09 ® Geschlossene Variante

closing ceremony E Abschlußveranstaltung ® cérémonie de clôture F

Clough, A. H. K

Clown mDE Joker; übernimmt Gangart, nicht Farbe des Steines, der den letzten Zug ausgeführt hat. ® Clown E ® Joker E

Club Cejess Masters Tournament 1.1b-Zone 20.01.97 Paris. FRA

Club Cejess Rating Tournament 17.01.97 Paris. FRA 1.1b-Zone

Club Champion E ® Klubmeister

Club Cup m, European ~ ® European Club Cup E

Club Cup, National ~ ® National Club Cup E

Club de Xadrez Guar. HQ

Club E ®

club E ® Klub

club formed at the Salopian Coffee House in England. E [BW] = 1770

Club Player E ® Klubspieler

Club Vice Champion E ® Vize-Klubmeister

club, Chess E The world‘s first chess club was organized in Italy in 1550. The first chess club in England was Slaughter‘s Coffee House, founded in London, England in 1715. The oldest chess club in Europe is the Zurich Chess Club, founded in 1809. The oldest chess club in the U.S. is the Manhattan Chess Club, founded in 1877. Russia‘s first chess club was organized by Tchigorin in 1880. The largest chess club in the U.S. is the Labate Chess Centre in Anaheim, California with about 400 members. [CT]

Club, Menchik - ® Menchik Club E (scherzhaft: Meisterspieler, die gegen Vera Menchik verloren hatten)

Club, Schach- ® Schachclub EmD = Schachklub

CLUB; 1st chess club in England at Slaughter's in London. E [BW] = 1715

CLUB; 1st chess club, organized in Italy. E [BW] = 1550

CLUB; London Chess Club founded. E [BW] = 1807

CLUB; Paris starts chess club under patronage of Louis XVIII. E [BW] = 1783

Clubbedarf m ® Klubbedarf

Club-Champion E ® Vereinsmeister

Clube de Xadrez (de) Sao Paulo. Q Internationales Problemturnier 1955-1956 ® Sao Paulo Clube de Xadrez de Sao Paulo, Internationales Problemturnier 1955-1956. Q

Club-Löwe m ® Matador

Club-Mate Home Page fEC Popular shareware chess database, Great Britain[Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

Clubmitteilungen fp des Wilhelmshavener Schachclubs m von 1887 Q

Clubnachrichten fp des Schachclubs m Wittlich 1947 Q

Club-Player CE ® Vereinsspieler C

Clubs pE 6 ®

Cluster, Illegal - ® Illegal Cluster nDE

Cluster, Legal - ® Legal Cluster nDE

CM30 C King 2.0

CMA = CHM = Catalogue de mats aidés mpFQ

Cmiel, Thorsten FM GER, ELO VI 1998 = 2260

Cmilyte, Viktorija FM LTU, ELO VI 1998 = 2210

CNXC - Comissao Nacional de xadrez H ®

CO = Columbia E ® Kolumbien

Coach is watching (you) EC ® Coach schaut zu C

Coaching nED ® Betreuung (als Trainer)

Coates, William K, *1840-1887, GB

Cobaye mDE Tr [UM] ® Geknickter a Lion (180o-Knick über den Sprungbock) Seine Zugrichtung macht über dem Sprungbock einen 180-Grad-Knick. Von a1 aus kann - wenn ein Sprungbock auf e5 steht - auf die Felder d4, c3, b2 gezogen werden. Nullzüge sind nicht erlaubt. ® Lion

Cobaye-Locuste (180°) E ®

Cobo-Arteaga, Eldis born in Cuba. IM 1967. E [BW] = 1929.09.05

Coburger SV v. 1872 e.V. Schachverein

Co-chancellor Progressive E [Variant Chess 1993-1996 S. 141]

Co-Chess E

Cochrane Gambit E ® Cochrane-Gambit

Cochrane gambit, King‘s Gambit Accepted E = C37 1.e2e4 e7e5 f2f4 e5f4 g1f3 g7g5 f1c4 g5g4 f3e5 d8h4 e1f1 f4f3 [JM] ®

Cochrane gambit, Petrov E = C42 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 g8f6 f3e5 d7d6 e5f7 [JM] ®

Cochrane Variation, Scotch E = C44 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 d2d4 c6d4 f3e5 d4e6 f1c4 c7c6 e1g1 g8f6 e5f7 [JM] ®

Cochrane Variation, Scotch gambit E = C44 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 d2d4 e5d4 f1c4 f8b4 c2c3 d4c3 b2c3 b4a5 e4e5 [JM] ®

Cochrane, James and Kassam wrote THE MUZIO GAMBIT, Madras 1829. E [BW] = 1829

Cochrane, James born in England. Wrote a book on the Muzio Gambit in 1829. E [BW] = 1770

Cochrane, James died in Cheltenham, England. Wrote a book on the Muzio Gambit in 1829. E [BW] = 1830.08.08

Cochrane, John died in London. Scottish player. Founder of the romantic style. E [BW] = 1878.03.02

Cochrane, John, born in England. Scottish player. Founder of the romantic style. E [BW] = 1798.02.04

Cochrane-Gambit n ® Cochrane Gambit

Cochrane-Shumov defence, Scotch gambit E = C44 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 d2d4 e5d4 f1c4 f8c5 f3g5 g8h6 g5f7 h6f7 c4f7 e8f7 d1h5 g7g6 h5c5 d7d5 [JM] ®

Cocos (Keeling) Islands p Schach = Chess English

Cocozza, Mario FM ITA, ELO VI 1998 = 2340

Codazzi, Edgardo K, *23.09.1856-22.02.1921, I

Code of rules published by Staunton in his CHESS PRAXIS. E [BW] = 1860

Code Udemann m ® Udemann code E

code, classification - ® classification code E

Codebreakers and chess E During World War II some of the top chessplayers were also code breakers. British masters Harry Golombek, Stuart Milner-Barry and H. O‘D. Alexander were on the team which broke the Nazi Enigma code. In September 1939, the British chess team had just qualified for the finals in the Buenos Aires Olympiad. When war broke out, they were ordered home on the next ship out. During one watchkeeping at night, Milner-Barry sent out an alarm to the rest of the ship when he thought he spotted a U-boat. It turned out to be a porpoise. [CT]

Codex Alfonso mDE

Codex E ® Kodex ® Wolfenbüttel-Codex ® Codex Alfonso ® Codex for Chess Compositions

Codex for Chess Compositions E (at the Piran meeting) ® Kodex für Schachkompositionen ® Piraner Kodex

Codex, Wolfenbüttel- ® Wolfenbüttel-Codex ® Wolfenbüttel-Kodex

coefficient E ® Koeffizient

Coello Alonso, Jose Antonio 13.03.1942, E

Coelsch, Christof, ELO IV 1997 = 2030

Coenen, Norbert FM GER, ELO VI 1998 = 2330

coexistence- + combination form Steine, die dasselbe Feld besetzen, können zusammen oder separat ziehen. ® Real ® E

Coexistence Chess E vierte Form von chess reactions Hierbei stehen ganz einfach beide Steine (A und R) gleichzeitig auf demselben Feld, ohne dass irgendetwas (Weiterbeförderung, Schlag, Vereinigung) stattfindet; jeder Stein kann separat weiterziehen. Auch bei coexistence chess gibt es die drei Formen auto (A und R von gleicher Farbe), oppo (A und R von verschiedener Farbe) und free (Farbe von A und R egal), z.B. free-coexistence chess. Bei oppo-coexistence chess können nur zwei (verschiedenfarbige) Steine gleichzeitig auf demselben Feld stehen, da diese Mixtur keine definierte Farbe hat und da daher kein weiterer Stein das kritische Feld betreten kann. Bei auto-coexistence chess und bei free-coexistence chess gibt es keine solche Grenze. Die Möglichkeit, ein besetztes Feld zu betreten, führt ferner dazu, dass besetzte Felder von Reitern auch durchschritten werden können. Bei free-coexistence chess sind daher alle Steine auch transparent; bei auto-coexistence chess sind Steine transparent für andere Steine derselben Farbe, nicht aber für gegnerische Steine; bei oppo-coexistence chess sind Steine transparent für gegnerische Steine, nicht aber für andere Steine derselben Farbe. Zusätzlich zu coexistence-Zügen kann auch normal geschlagen werden, wenn A und R von verschiedener Farbe sind. Da immer nur ein Stein auf einmal geschlagen werden kann, sind koexistierende Steine in auto-coexistence chess und oppo-coexistence chess immun. Schlüge man im auto-coexistence chess einen Stein einer (gegnerischen) koexistierenden Zusammenballung, so würde ja - illegal! - eine weiß-schwarze Zusammenballung entstehen. Schlüge man im oppo-coexistence chess einen (gegnerischen) Stein einer (gemischtfarbigen) koexistierenden Zusammenballung, so würde ja - illegal! - eine gleichfarbige Zusammenballung entstehen. [C. M. B. Tylor, Chessics 18, Sommer 1984, S. 20]

coexistence chess, auto- ® auto-coexistence chess E

coexistence chess, free- ® free-coexistence chess E

coexistence chess, oppo- ® oppo-coexistence chess E

coexistence-Form f ® E

coexistence-Züge mp ® coexistence chess E

Co-Felder np ® Co-squares pE

coffee house game E ® Kaffeehauspartie

COFFEE HOUSE; 1st coffee house opened in London. Chess was played there. E [BW] = 1652

Coffey, John ®

Co-geprüft a ® E

Cohabitant, Circé - ® Circé Cohabitant aF

Cohen, Lewis Never lost a game in the National Elementary Championships, scoring 40-0. [CT]

Cohn, Eric born in Berlin. Elo: 2480. Medical doctor. E [BW] = 1884.03.01

Cohn, Eric died in Germany. Elo: 2480 Medical doctor. E [BW] = 1918.08.23

Cohn, H. K, D

Cohn, Wilhelm born in Berlin. Elo: 2450. Professional player. E [BW] = 1859.02.06

Cohn, Wilhelm died in Berlin. Professional player. E [BW] = 1913.08.17

Cohn, Wilhelm K, *6.02.1859-17.08.1913, D

Cohrs, Christopher, ELO IV 1997 = 2179

Cohrs, Gerardo, ELO IV 1997 = 2029

Cojocaru, Catalin FM ROM, ELO VI 1998 = 2220

COL = Colombia E

Colas, Roger K, *19.01.1924, F

Colditz - Schachkombinationen. Q 184 Seiten - kartoniert - Edition Olms 1996

Colditz, Albrecht K, D

Coles - Dynamisches Schach Q 152 Seiten - gebunden - Engelhardt 1963

Coles, Richard born in Kingston-on-Thames, England. Author of chess biographies. E [BW] = 1907.08.10

Coles, Richard died in West Clandon, England. Author of chess biographies. E [BW] = 1982.04.02

Colias, William born. E [BW] = 1966

Colias, William died. Born in 1966. E [BW] = 1993.11.04

Collagenbild n ® E

collapse E ® Zusammenbruch

collapse of the position E ® Zusammenbruch der Stellung

Collas, Didier IM FRA, ELO VI 1998 = 2315

Colle system E D05® Colle-System

Colle System, Opening ®

Colle, Edgar born in Ghent, Belgium. Belgium ch 1924. Elo: 2490. E [BW] = 1897.05.18

Colle, Edgar died in Ghent, Belgium. Died after operation of gastric ulcer. Belgium ch 1924. Elo: 2490 E [BW] = 1932.04.20

Colle-Aufbau m (Damenbauernspiele np) ® Colle-System (Queen‘s Pawn Game) E

Collection des plus beaux problemes d‘Échecs Q ALEXANDRE, A. (27cm x 17cm, 412pp, ”Alexandre / Problemes” on spine, ”Praktische Sammlung / Bester und höchst interessanter / Schachspiel-Probleme” on title page, was A3). Around 2000 problems of all types and lengths; in French, with an introduction in German. Von Brockhaus and Avenarius, Leipzig, 1846. See also the paper by Korschelt immediately below. [BL]

collection E ® Sammlung

Collection f des Problèmes mpFQ ® Problemsammlungen p

collection of chess pieces E ® Schachfigurensammlung

Collection of chess problems Q & (19cm x 14cm, 266pp). 200 direct mates, mostly in three moves or more, with an introduction. Longmans, Green, London, 1866. Formerly in the Markwick Collection.. [BL]

collection of chessmen E ® Schachfigurensammlung

Collection of problems Q & THURSBY, J. (19cm x 13cm, 88pp, black spine). 75 problems, mostly direct mates in two or three moves. Wade, London, 1883. Formerly in the possession of P. H. Williams; presented by Mrs Williams.. [BL]

collector E ® Sammler

collector of postage stamps with chess designs E ® Schachbriefmarkensammler

College Chess Club,a women's chess club formed. Disbanded after marriages (BCM 1981,403) E [BW] = 1879

college E The first international tournament restricted to college students was held in Liverpool, England in 1952. The first official college student Olympiad chess tournament was held in Oslo in 1954. [CT]

COLLEGE; 1st time a college establishes a minor in chess studies - Mass. E [BW] = 1978

COLLEGE; Brooklyn college wins us intercollegiate ch in Philadelphia. E [BW] = 1963

COLLEGE; Columbia U wins pan-am intercollegiate, Toronto (233 players). E [BW] = 1972

COLLEGE; Columbia wins 16-team intercollegiate championship. E [BW] = 1951

COLLEGE; U of Chicago wins Pan-am intercollegiate, Atlanta (73 teams). E [BW] = 1974

Colle-System (Queen‘s Pawn Game) E ® Colle-Aufbau (Damenbauernspiele)

Colle-System n ® Colle system E

Collijn defence, Danish gambit E = C21 1.e2e4 e7e5 d2d4 e5d4 c2c3 d4c3 f1c4 c3b2 c1b2 d8e7 [JM] ®

Collijn Heft Q

Collijn, Gustaf born in Stockholm. With his brother, Ludvig, wrote LAROBOK. E [BW] = 1880.11.11

Collijn, Gustaf died in Stockholm. With his brother, Ludvig, wrote LAROBOK. E [BW] = 1968.11.06

Collijn, Ludvig born in Stockholm. Chess patron. President of the Swedish Chess Ass. from 1917 to 1939. E [BW] = 1878.11.20

Collijn, Ludvig died in Stockholm. Chess patron. President of the Swedish Chess Ass. from 1917 to 1939. E [BW] = 1939.10.04

Collijn, Per Ludvig K, *20.11.1878-4.10.1939, S

Collijns 60-arsdag, Jubileumsskrift ~ ® Jubileumsskrift Collijns 60-arsdag

Collijnturneringen Q

Collin, Robert M. C. K, *21.09.1898, NL

Collings, S. K

Collins, Ethel Boyd born. E [BW] = 1905.03.09

Collins, Ethel Boyd died. E [BW] = 1993.05.21

Collins, Francis Charles K, *19.02.1843-29.07.1898, GB

Collins, Jack ®

Collins, John born in Newburgh, New York. Chess teacher. Won 1952 NY Ch. E [BW] = 1912.09.23

Collins, John William K, *23.09.1912, USA

COLLINS; Dave Collins (1955) won the 1991 US Amateur Ch, Hackettstown, NJ E [BW] = 1991.05.27

Collinson, Adam FM ENG, ELO VI 1998 = 2405

collision of pieces E ® Figurenkollision

Colman Variation, two knights defence E = C58 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1c4 g8f6 f3g5 d7d5 e4d5 c6a5 c4b5 c7c6 d5c6 b7c6 d1f3 a8b8 [JM] ®

Colman, Eugene born in Merton, England. Colman var. discovered while POW in Japan. E [BW] = 1878.10.11

Colman, Eugene died in London. Colman var. discovered while POW in Japan. E [BW] = 1964.07.20

Cologne Chess E ® Kölner Schach

Cologne Contact Chess E [Heinz Zander] ® Kölner Kontaktschach ® Köko

Cologne Gambit / Ware Opening E - A00 1.a4 b6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nd7 ® Ware Opening - Cologne Gambit E A00 1.a4 b6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nd7 ® Cologne-Gambit / Ware-Eröffnung A00

Cologne Gambit A00 1.a4 b6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nd7 E ® Cologne Gambit E A00 ® Ware Opening - Cologne Gambit E A00 ® Köln-Gambit

Cologne-Gambit n / Ware Eröffnung f A00 ® Cologne Gambit / Ware Opening E A00

Colombia E = COL. Schach = Ajedrez Spanish ®

Colonelli 85 Jahre Q

Colonelli, Hercules K, *23.05.1897-20.08.1968, I

color E ® Farbe

Colorado counter, King‘s pawn opening E = B00 1.e2e4 b8c6 g1f3 f7f5 [JM] ®

Colour E ® Farbe ® Couleur F ® Color S

colour of the squares pE ® Felderfarbe

colour regulation E ® Farbverteilung

coloured zigzags E ® Farbzickzack

Colours 1 pE ® Farben p

Colours 2 pE (Chinese chess) In chess, the player who moves first has the ”white” pieces. In Chinese chess, the player who moves first moves red pieces. The second player‘s pieces are usually black or sometimes green or blue. What are the rules of the game? Here are some rules to remember: a) the object of the game is to checkmate or stalemate the opponent. This is accomplished by: 1. Placing the opponent in check so that he has no legal move to get out of the check. 2. Stalemating your opponent so that he has no legal move (when you stalemate your opponent, you win - it is not a draw as in chess). b) Red usually moves first. c) You cannot check your opponent indefinitely by moving the same piece to the same squares (resulting in perpetual check and a draw in chess). You cannot put the opponent in check more than 3 times in a row with the same piece without either side moving any other piece. d) Similar to the rule above, you cannot indefinitely ”chase” an opposing piece from one square to another if your opponent has no other way to avoid losing the piece. If you move a rook to e5 threatening a cannon on e6, and your opponent‘s only move to avoid capture is to move the cannon to f6, then you cannot keep chasing it from e6 to f6 by moving from e5 to f5 indefinitely. The idea of this rule and the rule above is to avoid perpetual check draws. Some of these situations can be complicated but usually the person who is initiating the perpetual move loop must break it off. e) The two kings cannot face each other on the same file. If red‘s king is on e1 and black‘s king is on e9 and there are no pieces directly between them on the e-file, then that is an illegal position. If black‘s king is the only piece on the f-file, then red‘s king on the e-file cannot move to the f file. f) When neither side can checkmate or stalemate the opposing king, the game is a draw. [LH]

Colovic, Aleksandar IM FRM, ELO VI 1998 = 2390

Colpa, J. J. K, *22.06.1874, NL

Col-Switch E ® Farben wechseln v

Columbia Chess Chronicle Q

Columbia chess club ch, new york, koehler 1st. E [BW] = 1887

Columbien = CO

column, chess - E The first newspaper chess column was that in the Liverpool Mercury in 1813. The oldest column still in existence is that of the Illustrated London News, which first appeared in 1842. The first American chess column appeared in 1845 in the New York Spirit of the Times. [CT] ® Schachspalte ® Schachkolumne ® Schachecke

Comann Taileisg Leòdhais E / Lewis Chess Club / Scotland [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

Comas Fabrego, Luis IM ESP, ELO VI 1998 = 2540

Comay, Ofer K, *27.12.1957, IL

Combat chess EC ® Combat-Schach

Combat Q

Combat strength E (Bauer = 1, Springer und Läufer = 2; König und Dame = 3; Turm nutzt, wenn angegriffen, die Kampfkraft des stärksten angreifenden Steines ® Conflict Chess E ® Terrain fF

Combe, Robert born in Logie-Buchan, Scotland. Br ch 1946. E [BW] = 1912.08.16

Combe, Robert died in Aberdeen, Scotland. Br ch 1946. E [BW] = 1952.02.13

combination aiming at stalemate E ® pattanstrebende Kombination

Combination Cross. Q Charushin. 89 Seiten - kartoniert - Pickard & Son 1998

Combination E Two or more moves ‘combining‘ to achieve a goal, often involving a sacrifice. [SC] A series of forced moves (usually involving a sacrifice) which leads to an advantage for the intiating player. ® Kombination ® Kombinationsspiel ® Kombinationsspiel

combination play E ® Kombinationsspiel

combination-Form f ® combination form E

Combinations and traps in Russian draughts EQ ® Kombinatsii i lovushki v russkikh shashkakh ® Kombinationen und Fallen im Russischen Damespiel Q

Combinative a separation E = jede 3/n-Drohkombination von Schwarz erzwungen.

combinatory a conclusion E ® Kombinationsabschluß

combinatory a piece E ® Kombinationsfigur ® kombinierte Figur

combinatory a richness E ® Kombinationsreichtum

combinatory a style E ® kombinatorischer a Stil

combined a piece E [BCM VII 1898; H.S. S. 18-19; J. Boyer, L. J. S. 83-84] E ® kombinierte Figur ® Kombinationsfigur

Combined a pieces pE ® Zusammengesetzte Figuren fp ® Kombinationsfiguren fp

come into play E ® ins Spiel kommen

Comes, Bruno, ELO IV 1997 = 2078

Comet C Drucksensorgerät, Schachcomputer, National Telecommunication System Ltd., Hong Kong. - Von Hettler, Wolfgang; World Microcomputer Chess Championship 1996 October 8th-15th, 1996 Jakarta, Indonesia. [Türke, U.] ® IPCC-Turnier ® http: // www. gambitsoft.com ® Comet32 C

Comet32 C ® Comet C

comical chessboard E ® komisches a Schachbrett

comined a man E [BCM VII 1898; H.S. S. 18-19; J. Boyer, L. J. S. 83-84] E ® kombinierter Stein

Comins Mansfield MBE: Chess problems of a grandmaster Q & BARNES, B. P. (25cm x 19cm, 38pp, stapled, yellow edge). 200 problems with commentary and biographical notes. British Chess Problem Society, 1976. Formerly in the possession of N. A. Macleod; presented by Mrs Macleod.. [BL]

Commander-in-Chief E = Fers E ® Feldherr

Commandeur, Henri K, *1873-8.07.1961, F

Commend E ® Lob

commendation E ® Lob

Comment Centralisation CE ®

Comment Draw CE ®

Comment Engine Move CE ®

Comment Engine Resigns CE ®

Comment User Move CE ®

Comment User Resigns CE ®

Comment User Resigns Quickly CE ®

Commentary E Explanation, usually verbal, sometimes symbolic, of the decisions, moves and ideas that make up a chess game. [SC] ® Lösungsbesprechung ® Kommentar

commentary on a game E® Partieglosse ® Partiekommentar

common-error tries E ® Basisschaden der Verführungen, Probespiele usw.

Commons, Kim born in Lancaster, CA. IM 1976. E [BW] = 1951.07.23

Commonwealth Open Championship

Commonwealth Open Championship 3.1 -Zone 04.12.96 Calcutta. IND

Commutator E ® Kommutator

Comoros Schach Arabic Al-Satranj, French Échecs, Comoran (a blend of Swahili and Arabic) = ?

Comp Comp E

Companion E

compensating a effect E ® Kompensationseffekt

Compensation E Some non-material advantage that balances your opponent‘s lead in material - generally better pawn structure, better development, better king safety or more space. [SC] An advantage that compensates for a disadvantage elsewhere. For example, a gain of tempo may compensate for the loss of a pawn. ® Kompensation

compensation suffisante E ® ausreichende a Kompensation

competition E ® Wettkampf

competitor E ® Mitkonkurrent ® Mitstreiter

Complete a Block E Vollständiges weißes Satzspiel ® Zugwechsel

complete aE ® vollständig a

complete anticipation E ® vollständige Vorwegnahme

complete anti-form E ® vollständige a Antiform

Complete Black Defense to 1.P-K4 E Cafferty and Hooper. The main line is the Petroff Defense, but the authors also show how to handle the other possibilities, e.g., the Kings Gambit.

complete block + key introduces a threat E ® Block-threat ® Zugwechsel

complete block E ® Zugwechsel mit vollständigem Satzspiel, d.h. auf alle schwarze Züge hin

complete block key E ® Zugzwangschlüssel

complete block motive E ® Zugzwangmotiv

complete block problem E ® Zugwechselstück ® Zugwechselaufgabe

complete block selfmate E ® Zugwechselselbstmatt

complete block selfmate type E ® Typ Zugwechselselbstmatt

complete block task E ® Zugwechselhäufung

complete block two-mover E ® Zugwechselzweizüger

complete block with promotion E ® Umwandlungs-Zugwechsel

complete block-duplex E ® Zugwechsel-Duplex

complete block-duplex form E ® Zugwechsel-Duplexform

Complete Chess E 11 x 10 - Brett n Angeblich bevorzugt vom Mongolen-Herrscher Timur = Tamburlaine (1336-1405) mit Wesir, 2 Dabbabas, 2 Talias (Späher), 2 Kamelen, 2 Giraffen oder Version 12 x 12 - Brett und 32 Figuren pro Seite (mit Löwe, Stier, Wache, Krokodil, Zahlmeister Läufer + Springer), Prinz (Königin + Springer), Polizeichef, Nashorn, Gazelle u.a. kombinierten Figuren. [AD] ® moslemisches Schach ® Complete Chess E ® vollständiges Schach

Complete Chess System EC ® vollständiges Schach-System

Complete Chess Version 12 x 12 - Brett n 32 Figuren pro Seite, mit Löwe, Stier, Wache, Krokodil, Zahlmeister (Läufer + Springer), Prinz (Königin + Springer), Polizeichef, Nashorn, Gazelle u.a. kombinierten Figuren. [AD] ® moslemisches Schach

Complete Mansfield volume 1 - 1911-1930 Q & (21cm x 15cm, 52pp, stapled, light buff edge). 210 two-movers from 1911-30, with commentary. Waterthorpe, Sheffield. Presented by B. D. Stephenson.. [BL]

complete set of chessmen pE ® sämtliche Schachfiguren p ® Schachfiguren p

complete set-play E ® vollständiger Satz

complex of squares E ® Felderkomplex

complicated E ® kompliziert

complications E ® Komplikationen

complusion without sacrifice E ® opferlose Erzwingung

composed E ® zusammengesetzt

composer E ® Verfasser ® Komponist ® Autor

composing tourney E ® Kompositionsturnier

composite rundlauf E ® zusammengesetzter Rundlauf

Composition E One of the most artistic aspects of chess is the composition, which is an artificial position composed by a problemist. There are many rules governing the creation of a composition, one of the most important of which is that only a single solution is allowed. ® Komposition

composition, Dilaram - ® Dilaram composition E

comprehensive a analysis E ® umfassende Analyse Chess Space

Comprehensive Chess Course EQ 2nd edition by GM Lev Alburt and Roman Pelts (ISBN 0-9617-207-0-5). (Available as 2 separate vols. from Chess Digest.) Expensive. Chess neophytes (i.e., NOT most rec.games.chess readers) will find volume I useful; otherwise, try volume II. Good teaching material for an intro-to-chess class. (3rd edition.)

Compromise Chess E Each turn a player chooses 2 moves, and the opponent tells him which of the 2 to make. Different promotions of the same pawn count as 2 different moves. If there is just 1 legal move, it must be played.. [LH] = rejection chess E [Variant Chess 1, I-III/1990, S. 1 = Vetoschach; F. Galvin (1959), erste eindeutige Fassung der Regeln von J. Boyer; Variant Chess 2, IV-VI/1990, S. 24] ® Kompromiß-Schach

compromised defence, Evans gambit E = C52 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1c4 f8c5 b2b4 c5b4 c2c3 b4a5 d2d4 e5d4 e1g1 d4c3 [JM] ®

compromised defence, Paulsen variation, Evans gambit E = C52 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1c4 f8c5 b2b4 c5b4 c2c3 b4a5 d2d4 e5d4 e1g1 d4c3 d1b3 d8f6 e4e5 f6g6 b1c3 g8e7 c1a3 [JM] ®

compromised defence, Potter variation, Evans gambit E = C52 1.e2e4 e7e5 g1f3 b8c6 f1c4 f8c5 b2b4 c5b4 c2c3 b4a5 d2d4 e5d4 e1g1 d4c3 d1b3 d8f6 e4e5 f6g6 b1c3 g8e7 f1d1 [JM] ®

Compromised, Amar Gambit E- ® Amar Gambit Compromised A00 1.Nh3 d5 2.g3 e5 3.f4. 3...Bxh3 4.Bxh3 exf4. 5.0-0 fxg3 6.hxg3. 6.e4 d4 7.Qh5 ® Kompromiß-Amar-Gambit

compromizing Scotch Opening E ® Kompromittiertes Schottisch (Schottische Eröffnung)

compulsion, compulsory ... E ® Zwang

compulsiv aE ® zwingend a

compulsive problem E ® Zwingproblem

compulsory mate E ® Zwangmatt

compulsory oscillation E ® Pendelzwang

compulsory reflexmate E ® Reflexmattzwang

compulsory reflexstalemate E ® Reflexpattzwang

compulsory square E ® Zwangsfeld

compulsory stalemate E ® Pattzwang

Computer + Schach C ® Computers p and Chess E

Computer and chess EC ®

Computer championship EC ® Computer-Meisterschaft

Computer Chess - a history ECQ

Computer Chess Championship, ICCA 8th ~ / ® ICCA 8th Computer Chess Championship EC

Computer Chess Compendium EC

computer chess EC ® Computerschach C ® Programmiersprache C ® Programmierbarkeit C ® Programmfunktion C ® Programmfehler C ® http://knoll.kih.no:8001/ stud/ mads2/chess.htm

Computer Chess Gazette Q, Box 2841, Laguna Hills, CA 92654. 714-770-8532. Chess computers and software.

Computer Chess match EC ® Computer-Schachkampf C

Computer Chess Page EC Mads Brevik, Norway) [Chesslinks Worldwide, International Chess Sites]

Computer Chess Programming EC ® Computerschach-Programmierung C

computer chess references Ep Computerschach-Referenzen fpChess links by Harris

Computer Chess Reports pEQ published quarterly / semiannually by ICD Corp., 21 Walt Whitman Road, Huntington Station, NY 11746. Phone 800-645-4710. Subscriptions are $12/year. Focuses on computer chess, and rates dedicated chess-playing computers and software. The main contributor is IM Larry Kaufman.

computer chess tournament EC ® Computerschachturnier C

computer chessfriend EC ® Computerschachfreund C

computer composition E ® Computerkomposition

computer EC ® Computer C

computer game EC ® Computerpartie C

computer games pEC ® Computerspiele pC

Computer mC ® computer C

computer problem EC ® Computerproblem C

computer rating-list EC ® Computer-Rangliste C

Computer Schach nC ® Wenn man einen anstrengenden Tag erlebt hat ... ® Weizsäcker, Richard

Computer Schach Q chess magazine http://www.xculture.de/ sport/chesscss/ index.html

computer solution EC ® Computerlösung C

Computer Stone Age EC ® Computer-Steinzeit C

computer testing EC ® Computerprüfung C

computer tournament EC ® Computerturnier C

Computer, Commercial sites pEC®

Computer, Micro- ® Microcomputer C

Computer, Schach- ® Schachcomputer C

Computer, Schach~ katalog ® Schachcomputerkatalog C

Computer, Schach-Mikro- ® Schach-Mikrocomputer C

Computer, sprechender Schach- ® sprechender Schachcomputer C

computer, Univac - ® Univac computer C

COMPUTER; 1st chess-playing computers for popular use came on the market. E [BW] = 1976

COMPUTER; 1st computer program to win a state ch. - Cray Blitz in Mississipi. E [BW] = 1981

COMPUTER; 1st computer to play chess. E [BW] = 1958

COMPUTER; 1st computer world championship held in Stockholm. Won by Caissa. E [BW] = 1974

COMPUTER; 1st international match between USSR & US computers. USSR won. E [BW] = 1967

COMPUTER; 1st national championship (us amateur ch) directed by computer. E [BW] = 1987.03.01

COMPUTER; 1st serious chess program, mac hack, became operational. E [BW] = 1966

COMPUTER; 1st us computer ch, held in ny, won by a machine from northwestern. E [BW] = 1970

COMPUTER; 6th world microcomputer championship, Dallas, Mephisto 3 1st. E [BW] = 1986.10.31

COMPUTER; Belle wins 9th North American Computer Chess Ch. E [BW] = 1978

COMPUTER; MacHack VI computer played in Boston Amateur Ch; Score 1/2-4 1/2. E [BW] = 1966

COMPUTER; Machack VI is 1st computer to play in human chess tourney. E [BW] = 1967

COMPUTER; Sneaky Pete becomes 1st computer to play in a u.s. open. E [BW] = 1977

COMPUTER; Start of 1st computer match between USSR and US. E [BW] = 1966.11.23

COMPUTER; The ChessMachine won the Microcomputer World Ch, Vancouver, BC E [BW] = 1991.05.09

Computerandom E [Peter Wood, Variant Chess, Herbst 1997 S. 94] ® Fischerandomisation E ® Shuffle Chess E ® Fischer-Schach

Computerauslosung fC ® EC

Computerauswertung fC ® EC

Computerbörse fC (für Schachcomputer, -software etc.) ® EC

Computerfirma fC ® EC

Computerhilfe fC ® EC

Computerindustrie fC ® EC

Computerium nC® Präcomputerium C

Computerium, Prä- ® Präcomputerium C

Computerkomposition fC ® computer composition EC

Computerlösung f ® computer solution EC

Computermesse f (Schachcomputer) ® EC

Computerpaarung f ®EC

Computerpaarungsprogramm n ® EC

Computerpartie f ® computer game EC

Computerproblem n ® computer –problem EC

Computerprüfung f ® computer testing EC

Computer-Rangliste f ® computer rating-list EC

Computers and Chess E ® Computer + Schach

computers pEC The first chess effort on the part of a computer is a mate in 2 programmed in 1949 on a Ferranti digital machine. The first computer program that played proper chess was written at MIT by Alex Bernstein in 1959. The Massachusetts Amateur Championship marked the first time a chess computer played chess against human beings under tournament conditions in 1967. MacHack VI, from MIT, ended up witha 1239 provisional rating.The first chess tournament in which the only players were computer programs was held in New York in 1970. The first world computer championship was held in Stockholm in 1974 and won by the Soviet program, Kaissa. Cray Blitz was the first chess computer to win a state chess championship when it won the Mississippi Championship in 1981. 1983 was the first time a microcomputer beat a master in tournament play. 1983 was the first time a computer gained an established master‘s rating. [CT] ® Computer pC

Computerschaak QC [Limbourg, Belgien]

Computer-Schach & Spiele QC Dieter Steinwender, Hamburg (Hrsg.)

Computerschach nC ® computer chess EC

Computerschachfreund mC ® computer chessfriend EC

Computer-Schachkampf mC ® Computer Chess match EC

Computerschachturnier nC ® computer chess tournament EC

Computerspiele npC Computerprogramme, die auf Mikrocomputern laufen und der Unterhaltung dienen, z.B. Strategie- (Schach, Dame) und Abenteuerspiele ® computer games pE

Computer-Steinzeit fC ® Computer Stone Age EC

Computerstudio nC ® EC

Computerstudio, Schach- ® Schachcomputerstudio C

Computer-Team nC ® computer team EC

computer-testing EC